FORs kay's slides

Helpfulness: 0
Set Details Share
created 10 years ago by tracey_brown4238
27 views
updated 10 years ago by tracey_brown4238
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

Cognitive Disabilities

Developed by Claudia Allen

2

Psychiatric Rehab Who developed it?

Eclectic no one

3

Role Acquistion

Anne Cronin Mosey

4

Model of Human Occupation

Gary Kielhofner based on Reilly’s Occupational Behavior

5

Role Acquistion

Learning basic skills, social roles and temporal adaptation includes both a socialization process and a learning process.

6

Cognitive Disabilities

Neurological or cognitive problems lead to mental disorganization which can affect ability to perform tasks such as ADLs & IADLs.

7

Model of Human Occupation

Humans have an inborn drive to explore and master their environment.

8

Role Acquistion

“The person needs to gain the specific skills needed to function in the occupational and social roles he or she has chosen,”

9

Psychiatric Rehab central concept

It is possible for everyone to function adequately in the environment of their choice

10

Role Acquistion

The person should participate in identifying problems and goals for treatment and in evaluating his/her own progress.

11

Model of Human Occupation

“Occupational behavior is the outcome of an interaction among the person, the occupational task and the environment.”

12

Role Acquistion

Increase challenges and demands as the person’s capacity increases.

13

Cognitive Disabilities

Six levels of cognitive limitations.

14

Model of Human Occupation

A person is an open system which means he/she can be affected by the environment

15

Role Acquistion

Choose goals and activities that reflect the client’s interests, personal and cultural values, and present and future life roles.

16

Model of Human Occupation

Theory attempts to understand and explain the ways a person’s drive to engage in activity can be supported or discouraged

17

Role Acquistion

Sequence of change is usually task skills, interpersonal skills, social roles beginning with ADL and temporal adaptation.

18

Psychiatric Rehab treatment

People with chronic mental illness lack the skills and resources to function in their chosen environment

19

Role Acquistion

Choose goals and activities that provide a realistic challenge but are consistent with the client’s present level of activity.

20

Model of Human Occupation

Volition, habituation, and performance are hierarchical subsystems within a person that regulate choice, organization, and performance.

21

Cognitive Disabilities Treatment strategies

cognitive level is descriptive of level of disability.

22

Role Acquistion

Present skills in their natural developmental sequence

23

Psychiatric Rehab treatment

People with mental illness can function better when environmental supports and resources are in place and person knows how to use them

24

Model of Human Occupation focus

Change is a holistic process.

25

Cognitive Disabilities Treatment strategies

task environment can affect performance positively or negatively.

26

Role Acquistion

Clients should always know what they are supposed to be learning and why.

27

Model of Human Occupation focus

Personal and environmental factors influence choice, organization, and performance.

28

Psychiatric Rehab treatment

Skills can be developed through training.

29

Cognitive Disabilities Treatment strategies

Therapist can chose & structure activities/tasks to meet needs of client

30

Psychiatric Rehab treatment

Emphasis is on what the client can do

31

Cognitive Disabilities Treatment strategies

žtask is successful if client feels good about what they have accomplished.

32

Psychiatric Rehab treatment

Use and teach compensatory techniques

33

Model of Human Occupation focus

Individuals are to be given opportunities for guided participation in life tasks to improve organization, function, and adaptation as demonstrated by functional performance.

34

Cognitive Disabilities Treatment strategies

client will ignore:žSteps or parts of tasks that are above ability level of client & What they cannot make sense of

35

Psychiatric Rehab treatment

Individual’s motivation and environment plays a key role in the process

36

Volition

Motivation, thoughts, values, interests, feelings and previous experiences that are involved with selecting, performing and continuing in an activity.

37

Cognitive Disabilities Treatment strategies

choice of tasks is influenced by diagnosis & cognitive disability.

38

Role Acquistion

Clients should be made aware of the effects of their actions.

39

Psychiatric Rehab treatment

Intervention centers on the use of modification of environments and techniques.

40

Cognitive Disabilities Treatment strategies

Assessment of cognitive level can contribute to legal determination of competency.

41

Habituation

Organizes actions into predictable routines and patterns which are called habits and internalized roles (the person’s beliefs and perceptions about roles.)

42

Role Acquistion

Skills must be practiced repeatedly and then applied to new situations.

43

Performance Capacity

Objective physical and mental capacities for action and how the person feels about the capacities.

44

Model of Human Occupation focus

Occupations must be relevant to the person’s roles, habits and the environment.

45

Role Acquistion

If a task is too complex or time consuming to learn all at one time, teach one part at a time, but always do or show the whole activity.