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created 3 years ago by Richard_Teresi
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Urogenital and Respiratory
Subjects:
microbiology
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1

Streptococcus pneumoniae

Pneumococcal pneumonia

gram positive, cough, bloody sputum, fever, chills, chestpain

2

Corynebacterium diphtheriae

Diphtheria

gram positive rod shaped. spread through respiratory droplets

3

Legionella pneumoniae

Legionnaires Disease

gram negative, cough, fever, muscle aches, nausea

4

Bordetella pertussis

Pertussis

gram negative, causes severe coughing with a "whoop" sound. long lasting coughs (months)

5

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Tuberculosis

1/3 carries bacteria, becoming more multi-drug resistance

6

Streptococcus pyogenes

Necrotizing Fascitis

gram positive, fever, sore throat, skin rash, strawberry tongue

7

Haemophilus influenzae

Pneumonia

gram negative rod, , many capsules; biotypes determine disease manifestation

8

Klebsiella pneumoniae

Pneumonia

gram negative rod, encapsulated, many have extended spectrum beta-lactamases

9

Mycoplasma pneumoniae

Pneumonia

atypical, no cell wall

10

Varicella-Zoster Virus

pneumonia

chickenpox, fever,

primary infection is itchy rash

11

Burkholderia pseudomallei

melioidosis

gram negative, lives in soil, in tropical/subtropical areas

12

Pseudmonas aeruginosa

nosocomial infections

gram negative rod shaped, creates biofilms, opportunistic

13

Rhinovirus

common cold

virus, highly contagious, highly mutagenic, rhinitis

14

Influenza Virus

flu

A,B,C types, highly contagious, highly mutagenic

15

Measles Virus

measles

single stranded, RNA virus, highly contagious, spread by coughing/sneezing/direct contact; bright red blotchy rash

16

Rubella Virus

Rubella

single stranded RNA, rash that starts on face spreads to the body, spread through cough/sneeze

17

Respiratory Syncytial Virus

RSV

common (children infected by 2), In adults, symptoms mimic the common cold; lung cells fuse together

18

Apergillus fumigatus

chronic pulmonary infections

fungus, diseases in immunodeficient individuals, inhaled spores (atleast 100 breathed everyday )

19

Cryptococcus neoformans

cryptococcosis

fungus, fever, cough, shortness of breath

20

Histoplasma capsulatum

histoplasmosis

fungus, grows in macrophages, granuloma nodules in lungs

21

Escherichia coli

cystitis

nontransmissible, UTI

22

Garderella vaginalis

bacterial vaginosis

opportunistic, often asymptomatic; fishy-smelling discharge/odor

23

Chlamydia trachomatis

Chlamydia

often asymptomatic, urethritis, vaginal discharge/bleeding

24

Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Gonorrhea

transmitted via sexual contact, urethritis, discharge, rectal pain or bleeding

25

Treponema palidum

Syphillis

transmitted via sexual contact or mother to baby during birth

26

Human Papilloma Virus

Cervical Cancers, Genital Warts

dsDNA Virus, sexually transmitted or other contact; oncogenic

27

Herpes Simplex Virus

genital herpes

latency stages and outbreaks

28

Candida albicans

Vaginal candiaiasis

vaginal burning, itching; common (40% of women)

29

Trichomonas vaginalis

Trichomoniasis

Urethritis, discharge, redness, STI