Orgo1 Exam 1

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created 3 years ago by jeleciap
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hybridization geometry, functional groups, Alkyl Groups, Axial vs Equatorial, isomer definitions
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1

2 electron domains

sp: linear

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3 electron domains

sp2: trigonal planar/ bent

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4 electron domains

sp3: Tetrahedral/ trigonal pyramidal/bent

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Alkene

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Alkyne

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Arene

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Alkyl Halide

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Alcohol

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Ether

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Aldehyde

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Amine

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Thiol

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Sulfide

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Ketone

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Carboxylic Acid

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Ester

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Amide

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Acid Chloride

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3 carbon chain

propane

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4 carbon chain

butane

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1,2-cis

a,e/e,a

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1,2-trans

a,a/e,e

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1,3-cis

a,a/e,e

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1,3-trans

a,e/e,a

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1,4-cis

a,e/e,a

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1,4-trans

a,a/e,e

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Constitusional Isomer

Different compounds with the same molecular formula, but different connectivity

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Stereoisomer

Different compound with same molecular formula, same connectivity, but different orientation of atoms in space.

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enatiomers

Chiral stereoisomers that aren't the same as their mirror images; cannot be superimposed.

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diastereomers

stereoisomer forms that are not mirror images

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mesocompound

achiral compounds with chiral centers

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equation for how many sterioisomers can be formed based on chirality

2n n= # of stereoisomers

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increased branching => BP?

increased (BP= boiling point)

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increased weight => BP?

increased

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n-propyl

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isopropyl

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n-butyl

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sec-butyl

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isobutyl

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tert-butyl