History - Ch. 5 - Dynasties in Seclusion: Ancient China pp. 98-109

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1

natural barriers

landforms that isolate a country from outside influence

2

dynasty

a line of kings or rulers who belong to the same family

3

Huang He River

Yellow River
“China’s Sorrow”

4

ancestor worship

belief that dead ancestors had power over living family

5

tings

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ornate bronze bowls used to cook meat as offerings to please dead ancestors

6

oracle

a message given to a person thought to be a prophet or a god

7

oracle bones

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pieces of bone or shell that priests heated with a hot metal rod supposedly revealing an ancestor’s wishes

8

pictographs

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pictures that are used in place of words

9

classic

something that is thought to be the best of its kind and sets a standard of excellence

10

Confucian Classics

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a collection of teachings

11

Confucius

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a scholar and a teacher who greatly influenced China during the Classical Age.

12

Ancient China

hidden for thousands of years by natural barriers

13

Tibet

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has some the of the highest mountain peaks in the world

14

The Chinese

developed bronze smithing well over a thousand years before Europe did

15

scholar

a person had to have a thorough knowledge of poetry, history, rituals, conduct, and music

16

The Shang dynasty

lasted from 1766-1122 B.C.

17

The Shang dynasty

They live along the Huang He River.

18

The Shang dynasty

They practiced ancestor worship.

19

The Shang dynasty

They believed their ancestors controlled the weather.

20

The Shang dynasty

They made tings.

21

The Shang dynasty

Their priests were government officials and had great power.

22

The Chou dynasty

It was the longest lasting dynasty.

23

The Chou dynasty

They developed an interest in education and literature.

24

The Chou dynasty

They developed Chinese writing.

25

The Chou dynasty

It was known at the Classical Age.

26

The Chou dynasty

They used bronze to make vessels for religious ceremonies.

27

The Chou dynasty

They carved jade for decoration.

28

Confucius

…believed that a peaceful society should be divided into classes.

29

Confucius

…beliefs were basically a code of behavior.

30

Confucius

…taught that younger and inferior person should always obey the older and superior person.

31

Confucius

…two principle teachings were to be obedient and to set a good example.

32

Confucius

…emphasized the importance of family.

33

The Ch’in dynasty/ Qin Shi Huangdi

Began to rule about 221 B.C.; lasted less than 30 years

34

The Ch’in dynasty/ Qin Shi Huangdi

It was ruled by a fierce emperor called Qin Shi Huangdi.

35

The Ch’in dynasty/ Qin Shi Huangdi

…set up a bureaucracy rather than giving jobs to family.

36

The Ch’in dynasty/ Qin Shi Huangdi

…established one kind of money.

37

The Ch’in dynasty/ Qin Shi Huangdi

…standardized all measurements.

38

The Ch’in dynasty/ Qin Shi Huangdi

…required all Chinese to use the same writing.

39

The Ch’in dynasty/ Qin Shi Huangdi

…took land from the nobles and made it possible for the poor to own land.

40

The Ch’in dynasty/ Qin Shi Huangdi

…changes unified the country.

41

The Ch’in dynasty/ Qin Shi Huangdi

…used cruel and harsh methods to implement his changes.

42

The Ch’in dynasty/ Qin Shi Huangdi

…country was named China during this dynasty.
The Great Wall was built during this dynasty.