Anatomy and physiology

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1

Acromial

Point of the shoulder

2

Abdominal

Anterior body trunk region inferior to the ribs

3

Antebranchial

Forearm

4

Antecubital

Anterior surface of the elbow

5

Axillary

Armpit

6

Brachial

Arm

7

Buccal

cheek

8

Carpal

Wrist

9

Cephalic

Head

10

Cervical

Neck region

11

Coxal

Hip

12

Crural

Leg

13

Digital

Fingers or toes

14

Fermoral

Thigh

15

Fibular

Side of the leg

16

Frontal

Forehead

17

Hallux

Great toe

18

Inguinal

Groin area

19

Mammary

Breast region

20

Manus

Hand

21

Mental

Chain

22

Nasal

Nose

23

Oral

Mouth

24

Orbital

Bony eye socket (orbit)

25

Palmar

Palm of the hand

26

Patellar

Anterior knee (kneecap) region

27

Pedal

Foot

28

Pelvic

Pelvis region

29

Pollex

Thumb

30

Pubic

Genital region

31

Sternal

Region of the breastbone

32

Tarsal

Ankle

33

Thoracic

Chest

34

Umbilical

Navel

35

Calcaneal

Heel of the foot

36

Dorsum

Back

37

Gluteal

Buttocks or rump

38

Lumber

Area of the back between the ribs and hips; the loin

39

Manus

Hand

40

Occipital

Posterior aspect of the elbow

41

Olecranal

Posterior aspect of the elbow

42

otic

Ear

43

Perineal

Region between the anus and external genitalia

44

Plantar

Sole of the foot

45

Popliteal

Back of the knee

46

Sacral

Region between the hips (overlying the sacrum)

47

Scapular

Scapula or shoulder blade area

48

Sural

Calf or posterior surface of the leg

49

Vertebral

Area of the spinal column

50

Superior / Inferior

Above / Below

51

Anterior / Posterior

Front / Back

52

Medial / Lateral

Towards the midline / Away from the midline or median plane

53

Cephalad (cranial / caudal)

Towards the head / Towards the tail

54

Ventral / Dorsal

Belly side / Backside

55

Proximal / Distal

Nearer the trunk or attached end / Farther from the trunk or point of attachment

56

Superficial (external) / Deep (internal)

Toward or at the body surface / Away from the body surface

57

Sagittal plane

Runs longitudinally and divides the body into right and left parts

58

Frontal plane or Coronal plane

Divides the body into anterior and posterior parts

59

Transverse plane

Dividing the body into superior and inferior parts

60

Parietal

Lines cavity

61

Visceral

Covers organs

62

Parietal Peritoneum

Lines abdominal cavity

63

Visceral Peritoneum

Covers abdominal cavity

64

Parietal Pleura

Lines lungs

65

Visceral Pleura

Covers lungs

66

Parietal Pericardium

Lines heart

67

Visceral Pericardium

Covers heart

68

Ipsilateral

same side

69

Contralateral

opposite side

70

AP Quadrants

Right upper quadrant

  • Gallbladder
  • liver
  • stomach
  • transverse colon of large intestine
71

AP Quadrants

Right lower quadrant

  • Cecum
  • appendix
  • Urinary bladder
  • small intestine
72

AP Quadrants

Left upper quadrant

  • Liver
  • stomach
  • transverse colon of large intestine
  • small intestine
73

AP Quadrants

Left lower quadrant

  • Small intestine
  • descending colon of large intestine
  • urinary bladder
74

AP Regions

Right hypochondriac region

  • Liver
  • gallbladder
75

AP Regions

Right lumber region

  • Ascending colon of large intestine
76

AP Regions

Right iliac (inguinal) region

  • Cecum
  • Appendix
77

AP Regions

Epigastric region

  • Liver
  • stomach
78

AP Regions

Umbilical region

  • Small intestine
79

AP Regions

Hypogastric (pubic) region

  • Small intestine
  • urinary bladder
80

AP Regions

Left hypochondriac region

  • Diaphragm
  • spleen
81

AP Regions

Left lumbar region

  • Descending colon of large intestine
82

AP Regions

Left iliac (inguinal) region

  • initial part of sigmoid colon
83

Synovial cavities

Surrounds the freely movable joints of the body. Secrete a lubricating

fluid that reduces friction as the enclosed structures move across one

another.