Medical-Surgical Nursing: Ch 17- PreOperative Care Flashcards


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1

What are the six purposes of surgeries

Diagnosis

cure

palliation

prevention

cosmetic Improvement

exploration

2

What is the First Essential role in preparing a patient for surgery

Know the nature of the disorder requiring surgery and any co-morbidities

3

What is the second essential role in preparing a patient for surgery

Identify the individual patients response to the stress of surgery

4

What is the third essential role in preparing the patient for surgery

Know the results of appropriate preoperative diagnostic tests

5

What is the fourth essential role in preparing the patient for surgery

Identify potential risks and complications associated with the surgical procedure and any co-morbidities that should be included in the plan of care

6

What is the first primary purpose of the patient interview prior to surgery

Obtain the patient's health information, including drug and food allergies

7

What is the second primary purpose of the patient interview prior to surgery

Provide and clarify information about the planned surgery, including anesthesia

8

What is the third primary purpose of the patient interview prior to surgery

Assess the patient's emotional state and Readiness for surgery, including his or her expectations about the surgical outcomes.

9

What is the overall goal of the preoperative assessment

Identify risk factors and plan care to ensure patient safety throughout the surgical experience.

10

Palliation

Alleviation of symptoms without cure (e.g., cutting a nerve root [rhizotomy] to remove symptoms of pain, creating a colostomy to bypass an inoperable bowel obstruction)

11

ectomy

Excision or removal of Appendectomy

12

lysis

Destruction of Electrolysis

13

-orrhaphy

Repair or suture of Herniorrhaphy

14

-oscopy

Looking into Endoscopy

15

-ostomy

Creation of opening into Colostomy

16

-otomy

Cutting into or incision of Tracheotomy

17

-plasty

Repair or reconstruction of Mammoplasty