Pharmacology study guide exam 3

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1

albuterol

Rescue inhaler

15-30 minutes prior to excercise- prevention

tachycardia, palpitations, headaches, nervousness

Priority intervention for status asthmaticus

2

propranolol

beta blocker, do not use for asthma due to bronchoconstriction

3

montelucast

prophylaxis use of chronic asthma, exercise induced or rhinitis. NOT a rescue inhaler. prevents airway edema and inflamation, oral med, take @ PM

4

diphenhydramine

antihistamine used for seasonal allergies, acute asthma attacks,

drys you up makes you sleepy

5

becamethasone

steroid, inhaled, non rescue,

exacerbation conditions

must be tapered,

glucose raising, weight gain, mood changes, yeast infections on tongue

6

fluticasone/salmeterol

combination -SABA

opportunistic infections

7

theophyline

caffeine like drug, CNS stimulation/tachycardia

AVOID CAFFEINE,

oral prophylaxis, unresponsive to beta agonist or inhaled corticosteroids,

iv pump

8

prednisone

steroid, taper off all steroids

non rescue

decrease inflammation and immunosepresent

glucose increasing, hyperglycemia

9

anorvastatin

anti-lipid drug,

cholesterol medication,

liver function 1-2 months, then 6-12 weeks

10

simvastatin

anti lipid

muscle weakness, myopathy and tendernes possible rhabdomyolsis

11

spironolactone

potassium sparing diuretic,

decrease Na & H2O, hyponatremia and hyperkalemia , will increase K

12

Furosemide

loop diuretic,

potassium loss - leg cramps muscle weakness, electrolyte imbalances.. tinnitis, ototoxicity

13

hydrochlorothiazide

thiazide diuretic take int he am.

possible hypokalemia,

14

digoxin

heart failure, check K can result in hypokalemia

counter med DIGIBIND

15

CAPTOPRIL

CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKER decrease BP .. avoid salt

can cause hyperkalemia

16

verapamil

calcium channel blocker

decrease bp by vasodilation

can cause constipation. increase fluids and fiber intake

17

atenolol

beta blocker used after MI

18

dopamine

left vetricular failure with decreased CO2,

used to increase BP

19

warfarin

check PT , Antidote Vitamin K

DO NOT TAKE WHEN PREGNANT

20

Heparin

check aPTT , does not disolve clots

21

enoxaprin

has bubble. used after surgery

22

clopidogrel

antiplatelet.. prolongs bleeding STOP 5 DAYS PRIOR TO SURGERY