final exam (pt 2)

Helpfulness: 0
Set Details Share
created 3 years ago by g_coffey119
32 views
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

The innominate artery is a branch of the:

aortic arch

2

When the external iliac artery passes underneath this structure, it becomes the common femoral artery (CFA).

Inguinal ligament

3

The first major branch off the popliteal artery is the:

Anterior tibial artery

4

Tunica intima refers to which of the following layers of a blood vessel wall?

inner middle & inner outer

5

All of the following vessels are palpable EXCEPT.

Peroneal artery

6

The branches of the aorta in order are:

Innominate, Left Common Carotid, Left Subclavian

7

The external carotid artery branches into all of the following vessels EXCEPT.

Basilar Superior Thyroid or Facial Basilar Occipital

8

The vertebral artery arises from the

subclavian artery.

9

The circle of Willis is composed of all of the following arteries EXCEPT.

anterior chorodial Anterior communicating

10

Which of the following vessels is NOT a deep vein of the lower extremity?

Greater SaphenousAnterior Tibial

11

The deep and superficial venous system are connected by

Perforators valves.

12

The most important function of the venous sinuses of the lower leg is

  1. To propel blood up the leg as part of the calf muscle pump.
  2. to divert blood into the superficial system.
  3. to divert blood into the deep veins.to serve as a reservoir

all of the above

13

The deep veins of the upper extremity include all of the following EXCEPT.

Cephalic Subclavian

14

The first branches off the aorta are the

right and left coronary arteries.

15

The area where the internal and external carotid arteries bifurcate is known as the

bulb sinus

16

The subclavian artery becomes the ______________ artery as it passes distally.

axillary

17

The radial vessel is located on the _______________.

lateral wrist.

18

The palmar arch is also known as the _________arch.

volar

19

Which of the following are regions of the aorta?

  1. Sinotubular Junction
  2. Ascending aorta
  3. Aortic arch
  4. Descending aorta
  5. Abdominal aorta
  6. Thoracic aorta
  7. Aortic root/Sinus of Valsalva
20

The aorta terminates at the bifurcation of the ____________ arteries.

Common Iliac

21

Which vessel is also known as the hypogastric?

Internal Iliac

22

The deep femoral artery is also known as the profunda femoris artery.

true or false

true

23

Other names for the adductor canal are:

hunter's canal and adductor hiatus

24

The anterior tibial artery becomes the

Dorsalis pedis artery

25

The ________________are known as the resistance vessels.

arterioles

26

The extra cranial internal carotid artery has no branches.

true or false

true

27

The external carotid artery has many branches.

true or false

true

28

The radial veins lie on either side of the radial artery.

true or false

true

29

Veins contribute to the control of body temperature.

true or false

true

30

The longest vein in the body is the greater saphenous.

true or false

true

31

When the calf muscle contracts, blood moves toward the heart.

true or false

true

32

Veins are known as the capacitance vessels.

true or false

true

33

Arterial flow is under lower pressure than venous flow.

true or false

false

34

Venous valves are found in the vena cava.

true or false

false

35

Paired veins are called venae comitants.

true or false

true

36

All of the following should cause vasodilatation EXCEPT.

Hyperventilation

37

According to Pioseuille's law, which factor has the most dramatic effect on blood flow?

Radius of the vessel

38

The return of venous flow from the lower extremities to the heart is assisted by all of the following mechanisms EXCEPT:

Inspiration

39

Veins exhibit all of the following characteristics under normal circumstances EXCEPT:

pulsatile flow

40

Potential energy in the circulatory system is generated by

the contraction of the heart.

41

Hydrostatic pressure will increase if the patient

stands up.

42

A place where arteries split is called a bifurcation.

true or false

true

43

___________ flow is present when the blood is flowing faster in the center stream and gradually slower as the blood is closer to the vessel walls.

...

44

Volume of blood flow is directly related to:

  1. Pressure gradient
  2. Radius
  3. Length
  4. Viscosity

1 and 2

45

Volume of blood flow is inversely related to:

  1. Pressure gradient
  2. Radius
  3. Length
  4. Viscosity

3 and 4

46

If the radius of a vessel is changed by a factor of 2, then the resistance will change by

16

47

Flow in a vessel can be compared to

Ohm's Law

48

Inertial losses of flow are caused by

all of the above

49

The principle describing the relationship between velocity and pressure is known as:

Bernoulli's Law

50

Pulsatile flow includes

all of the above

51

Flow reversal occurs in an artery because of ___________.

resistance

52

A high resistance vascular bed will have blood flow that is more _________

pulsatile

53

A low resistance vascular bed will have blood flow that is more __________.

continuous

54

Hydrostatic pressure:

Is equivalent to the weight of a column of blood

55

The resistance in the arteries and veins is very similar

true or false

true

56

Phasic flow changes in response to respirations'

true or false

true

57

Blood that is flowing in a streamlined fashion is turbulent.

true or false

false

58

In laminar blood flow, the fastest flow is located near the vessel walls.

true or false

false

59

Resistance in the skeletal muscles is normally high at rest.

true or false

true

60

Resistance in the vessels of the brain is normally high.

true or false

false

61

Veins are easily collapsible.

true or false

true

62

Blood moving readily through a vein is spontaneous

true or false

True

63

Because of the force of blood ejected by the heart, blood flow in arteries is seen as rhythmic waves and is described as pulsatile.

true or false

true

64

Diastolic flow reversal is a hallmark of vessels that supply high-resistance vascular beds.

true or false

true

65

The three layers of the vessel walls are called:

Tunica intima, tunica media, tunica adventitia

66

The _________ is the name of the small vascular network that supplies the vessels with nourishment

Vaso vasorum

67

Turbulence can be predicted if the Reynold's number is > ____.

2000

68

Bifurcation

A place where arteries split

69

Union/Confluence

A place where veins come together

70

Predicts flow disturbance

Reynold's number

71

Relationship between velocity and pressure

Inverse

72

Where aorta terminates

Common iliac arteries

73

Hypogastric artery

Internal iliac artery

74

Profunda Femoris

Deep femoral artery

75

What are the main characteristics of venous flow?

Spontaneous, non-pulsatile, augmentable, phasic

76

Vessel layer composed primarily of endothelial cells

Intima

77

Found in the media of the arterioles

Smooth muscle

78

Where the vaso vasorum are found

Adventitia

79

Has elastic and fibrous tissue, as well as smooth muscle cells

Media

80

First major branch of the ICA

Opthalmic

81

First branch of the subclavian artery

Vertebral

82

Formed by the union of the vertebral arteries

Basilar

83

Travels distally along the medial side of the forearm

Ulnar

84

The arteries that feed the fingers

Digital

85

Bifurcates into the anterior tibial artery and the tibioperoneal trunk

Popliteal artery

86

Connects the superficial veins to the deep venous system

Perforators

87

Prevent reverse flow in the veins

Venous valves

88

Has 2 pairs of valves

External jugular

89

Begins where the R and L brachiocephalic veins join

Superior vena cava

90

A superficial vein that travels the lateral arm

Cephalic

91

A deep vein of the upper arm

Brachial

92

Vein that drains blood from the liver into the IVC

Hepatic

93

Lie anterior to the renal arteries

Renal veins

94

The iliac vein most likely to have a valve

External iliac

95

Does not have valves

Internal iliac/hypogastric