Nurse 1014

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1

cultural diversity

includes, but is not limited to, people of varying cultural background, racial and ethnic origin, religion, language, physical size, gender, sexual orientation, age, disability, socioeconomic status, occupational status, and geographic location.

2

Culture

may be defined as a shared system of beliefs, values, and behavioral expectations that provides social structure for daily living.

3

subculture

is a large group of people who are members of the larger cultural group but who have certain ethnic, occupational, or physical characteristics that are not common to the larger culture.

4

cultural assimilation or acculturation

When a minority group lives within a dominant group, many members may lose the cultural characteristics that once made them different, and they make take on the values of the dominant culture.

5

culture shock

the feelings a person may experience when placed in a different culture perceived as strange.

6

Ethnicity

is a sense of identification with a collective cul- tural group, largely based on the group’s common heritage.

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race

are typically based on specific physical characteristics such as skin pigmentation, body stature, facial features, and hair texture.

8

stereotyping

When one assumes that all members of a culture, ethnic group, or race act alike, ______

9

cultural imposition,

which is the belief that everyone else should conform to your own belief system,

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cultural blindness,

which occurs when one ignores differences and proceeds as though they do not exist.

11

Culture conflict

occurs when people become aware of cultural differ- ences, feel threatened, and respond by ridiculing the beliefs and traditions of others to make themselves feel more secure about their own values

12

Linguistic competence

refers to the ability of caregivers and organizations to understand and effectively respond to the linguistic needs of patients and their families in a health care encounter.

13

Personal space

is the area around a person regarded as part of the person.

14

cultural competence

is planned and implemented in a way that is sensitive to the needs of individuals, families, and groups from diverse populations within society.

15

ethnocentrism,

the belief that the ideas, beliefs, and practices of one’s own culture are superior to those of anoth- er’s culture.

16

Transcultural nursing

provides the foundation for providing culturally competent care for patients of all ages, as well as families, groups, and communities.