Health Psychology: An Introduction to Behavior and Health: Smoking Tobacco Flashcards


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created 4 years ago by Michelle_Perez
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1

Emphysema

a chronic lung disease in which scar tissue and mucus obstruct the respiratory passages, bronchi lose their elasticity and collapse, and air is trapped in the aveoli

2

Diaphragm

large muscle underneath the lungs that contract, increasing the volume within the chest to take in oxygen in to the lungs

3

Mucociliary Escalator

A protective mechanism in the respiratory system that keeps the system moist

4

Cilia

Tiny hairlike structures that move the mucus towards the pharynx and cleanses the respiratory system of inhaled particles, providing an important defense against dangerous ones

5

Bronchitis

chronic lower respiratory disease and forms scar tissue on the bronchi, irritation or infection of bronchial tissue and coughing

6

Formaldehyde

a class of irritating compounds called Aldehydes that disrupts tissue proteins and causes cell damage.

7

Nitric Oxide & Hydrocyanic Oxide

gases generated in smoking tobacco that affects oxygen metabolism and therefore could be dangerous

8

Optimistic Bias

A belief that they personally have a lower risk of disease and death than do other smokers

9

Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) or passive smoking

exposure to smoke from others (43%)