Exam 2

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Keeping the Republic
Chapters 1, 2, 6, 7
updated 4 years ago by Joannarojas
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1

Signing statement

Statements recorded along with signed legislation clarifying the presidents undertanding of the constitutionality of the bill

2

Head of government

Political role of the president as leader of political party and chief arbiter of who gets what resources

3

Head of state

The unpolitical, unifying role of the president as symbolic representative of the whole country

4

Impeachment

The process used to charge,try, and remove public officials for misconduct while in office

5

Cabinet

A presidential advisory group selected by the president, made up of the Vice President

6

Commander in chief

The presidential role as the top officer of the country's military establishment

7

Treaties

Formal agreements with other countries; negotiated by the president and requiring approval by two-thirds if the senate

8

Executive agreement

A presidential arrangement with another country that create foreign-policy without the need for Senate approval

9

State of the Union address

A speech given annually by the president to a joint session of Congress and to the nation announcing the presidents agenda

10

Presidential veto

Hey presidents authority to reject a bill passed by Congress may be overwritten only by a 2/3 majority in each house

11

Executive orders

Clarifications of congressional policy issued by the president and having the full force of law

12

Pardoning power

A presidents authority to release or excuse a person from the legal penalties of a crime

13

Inherent powers

Presidential powers implied but not explicitly stated in the constitution

14

Power to persuade

The presidents ability to convince Congress other political actors and the public to cooperate with the administration's agenda

15

Going public

President strategy of appealing to the public on an issue expecting the public pressure will be brought to bear on other political actors

16

Cycle affect

The predictable rise and fall of the presidents popularity at different stages of a term in office

17

Honeymoon period

The time following an election when a presidents popularity is high and congressional relations are likely to be produced

18

Legislative liaison

Executive personnel who works with members of Congress to secure their support in getting a president legislation passed

19

Divided government

Political rule split between two parties one controlling the White House and the other controlling one or both houses of Congress

20

(EOP) executive office of the president

Collection of nine organizations that help the president with policy and political objectives

21

Office of management and budget (OMB)

Organization within the EOP that oversees the budget of departments and agencies

22

Council of economic advisors

Organization within the EOP that advises the president on economic matters

23

National security council (NSC)

Organization within EOP that provides foreign policy advice to the president

24

White House office

Approximately 400 employees within EOP who work most closely and directly with the president

25

Bill of rights

(10 amendments)

james Madison

dec 15,1791

26

Constitution

James Madison

september 17,1787

we the people of the United States

27

Declaration of indepenedance

Thomas Jefferson

july 4, 1776

free in independent states

28

Capitalism

Come up with an idea

manufacture it

market it

make a profit

29

Communism

Government owns you

30

Sovereignty

State right to rule itself

31

Voting in America

White male with property

rest of white guys

free black male former slaves

women can vote

native Americans mans & women

18 years can vote

32

War power act

President can send troops for 48 hrs anywhere in the world without telling anyone

60 days to debate should they be there (congress)

30 days safe withdraw if congress doesn't approve

33

Monarchy

Ruled by a royal family

34

1st amendment

Freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly, petition

35

2nd amendment

Right to bare arms

36

4th amendment

Search warrant

37

5th amendment

Right to remain silent

military no right to remain silent

can't be trailed twice for the same crime

38

8th amendment

No cruel and unusual punishment

39

13th amendment

Abolish slavery

40

14th amendment

Equal protection law

41

16th amendment

Income tax

42

18th amendment

No alcohol

43

19th amendment

1920 women can vote

44

26th amendment

18 year olds can vote

45

25th amendment

Presidential succession

46

Miranda act

Right to lawyer and right to remain silent