MOR 331 - Funeral Home Management - Lesson 3.1

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1

Age Discrimination in Employment Act

Primary Prohibition: Outlaws discrimination in employment against those who are over 40 years old

Jurisdiction: Any employer with 20 or more employees

2

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

Primary Prohibition: Outlaws discrimination against any qualified individual with a disability.

Jurisdiction: Any employer with 15 or more employees

3

Bona Fide Occupational Qualification (BFOQ)

A qualification that is absolutely necessary for the job; it is an allowed and approved reason for discrimination.

4

Civil Rights Act

Primary Prohibition: Outlaws discrimination in employment based on race, color, religion, sex, pregnancy, or national origin

Jurisdiction: Any employer with 15 or more employees

5

Conditional job offer

A promise of employment to a job candidate that will take place once the interviewee has met specified criteria.

6

Cover letter

A written document of introduction which explains and accompanies a resume.

7

Employee handbook

A manual given to an employee by an employer that contains the rules, procedures, and behaviors an employee is expected to follow as a condition for employment.

8

Employee Polygraph Protection Act

Primary Prohibition: Prohibits most private employers from using any lie detector tests either for pre-employment screening or during the course of employment.

Jurisdiction: Federal, state, local government employees are exempt

9

Employment application

A record of statements made at the time the applicant first seeks employment.

10

Equal Pay Act

Primary Prohibition: Outlaws discrimination in pay based on the sex of the worker

Jurisdiction: Any employer involved in interstate commerce

11

Fair Credit Reporting Act (FRCA)

Primary Prohibition: Protects information collected by consumer reporting agencies.

Note: Consumer must be notified when adverse action is taken on the basis of such reports.

12

Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)

Primary Prohibition: Outlaws discrimination practices in pay; requires employers to pay a minimum wage to employees and to pay a minimum of one and one-half of the regular wage rate for any hours beyond 40 worked in a week

Jurisdiction: All employers are covered.

13

Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA)

Primary Focus: Entitles eligible employees to 12 weeks of unpaid, job-protected leave for certain family and medical reasons.

Jurisdiction: All public agencies; public and private elementary/secondary schools; companies with 50+ employees

14

Hire

Any addition to an establishment's payroll, including newly hired and rehired employees.

15

Human resources

The employees of an organization with the necessary knowledge and skills to fulfill the purpose of the organization.

16

Human resources management

The process of acquiring, training, developing, motivating, and appraising a sufficient quantity of qualified employees to perform necessary activities; and developing activities and an organizational climate conducive to maximum efficiency and worker satisfaction; also known as Personnel management.

17

Immigration Reform and Control Act

Primary Prohibition: Outlaws non-documented persons from employment in the United States

Jurisdiction: All employers

18

Informational interview

An interview with the sole purpose of inquiring, fact finding, and seeking advice from practicing professionals about a specfic job.

19

Job analysis

A process for determining the critical components of a job for purposes of selecting, training, and rewarding personnel.

20

Job description

A document that lists the major responsibilities and tasks of the job.

21

Job offer

A formal invitation made by an employer to a job candidate to become an employee.

22

Job posting

An advertisement created by an employer that announces a job opening within a company.

23

Job specification

A document that lists the knowledge, skills, abilities, and personal characteristics a job holder must possess to perform effectively.

24

Onboarding

The structured process through which a new employee is integrated into an organization.

25

Pregnancy Discrimination Act

Primary Prohibition: Outlaws discrimination against a woman because of pregnancy, childbirth, or a medical condition related to pregnancy or childbirth.

26

Recruitment

The process of forming a pool of qualified applicants for tasks that need to be filled.

27

Resume'

Written summary of one's personal, educational, and professional achievements.

28

Retaliation

Punishing job applicants or employees for asserting their rights to be free from employment discrimination.

29

Structured interview

An interview which includes questions that are derived from a job analysis. All candidates are asked the same questions in the same order allowing for a standardized comparison of candidates. A predetermined interview rating form is used to collect responses and assess against key job-related requirements.

30

Turnover

Separation of an employee from an establishment (voluntarily, involuntarily, or other.)

31

Unstructured interview

An informal style interview whereby spontaneous questions are asked, responses vary, and candidates are unable to be compared in a consistent manner.

32

Vet (Vetting)

To evalute for possible approval or acceptance; the process of vetting.

33

Vietnam Era Veterans Readjustment Assistance Act (VEVRAA)

Primary Prohibition: Outlaws discrimination in employment against Vietnam Era Veterans by federal contractors and subcontractors.