Respiratory, Cardiac, PVS, Abdomen

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Health Assessment in Nursing
Chapters 19, 21-23
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1

arterial insufficiency

What are the signs of arterial insufficiency that are different from venous insufficiency?

Think about lower extremities

2

venous insufficiency

What are the signs of venous insufficiency that are different from arterial insufficiency?

Think about lower extremities

3

lymphedema

How can you tell the difference between lymphedema and other causes of edema?

4

pitting edma

What are some causes of pitting edema?

5

thrombophlebitis

What is it and what causes it?

6

brachial pulse

Where is it?

7

apical pulse

Where is it and how do you assess it? Why do you assess it?

8

carotid pulse

how is it assessed; where is it

9

femoral pulse

Where is it, how to you assess it?

10

radial pulse

Where is it?

11

right side heart failure

What signs and patient-reported symptoms are caused by right-sided heart failure? Compare it to left-side.

Think about blood flow and extremities

12

left side heart failure

What signs and patient-reported symptoms are caused by right-sided heart failure? Compare it to left-side.

Think about blood flow and extremities

13

order of auscultation of heart sounds

APE To MAn

14

areas of heart sounds

2nd intercostal space right sternal border

2nd intercostal space left sternal border

3rd intercostal space left sternal border

4th intercostal space left sternal border

5th intercostal space left sternal border

5th intercostal space mid-clavicular line

15

coronary artery disease

signs, causes, risk factors

16

peripheral vascular disease

signs

17

cardiac cycle

S1, S2

blood flow direction

18

conduction of the heart

order, a direction of electrical impulsed

19

av valves

where and where are sounds heard best

20

semilunar valves

where and where are sounds heard best

21

heart layers

3 layers- what are they; where

22

direction of blood flow

start at right atrium and go from right to left through the body, ending at the left ventricle

23

myocardial infarction

risks, signs, symptoms

24

hypertension

risk factors

25

percussion sounds

resonance, tympany, dullness

where do you hear what?

26

Murphy's sign

what is it- what does it assess for?

27

McBurney's point

where is this; why does it matter

28

friction rub

what is it and when do you know it's there

29

bruit

what is it and what places might you hear it

30

lifts/heaves

what are they; what are the causes

31

ascites

what is it; when does it occur, how do you assess for it

32

order of abdominal assessment

inspection, auscultation, ...

33

bowel sounds

what types, how do you assess

34

abdominal quadrants

where are they

35

stridor

what is it; when would you hear it

36

normal breath sounds

bronchial, bronchovesicular, vesicular

where do you hear them

37

adventitious breath sounds

Rhonchi

Wheezes

Rales

Crackles

what are the differences

38

abnormal curvature of the spine

kyphosis

lordosis

scoliosis

AP diameter

39

respiratory excursion

how is it assessed

40

tactile fremitus

what is it, how do you assess it

41

respiratory pattern

different types: bradypnea, tachypnea, etc...