A&P

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1

Which of the following cutaneous receptors is specialized for the reception of touch or light pressure?

Meissner's corpuscles

2

If a splinter penetrated the skin in to the third epidermal layer of the sole of the foot, which cells would be

granulosum

3

The integumentary system is protected by the action of cells that arise from bone marrow and migrate to which of the following cells sere this fuction?

macrophages called epidermal dendritic cells

4

Despite the apparent durability, the dermis is subject to learning. How might a person know that the dermis has stretched and/or torn?

The appearance of visible, silvery-white scars is an indication of stretching of the dermis

5

Burns are devastating and debilitating because of loss of fluids and electrolytes from the body. How do physicians estimate the extent of burn damage associated with such dangerous fluid loss/

by using the "rule of nines"

6

Fators in preventing (or delaying) osteoporosis include

increasing dietary vitamins

7

Ossification of the ends of long bones

is produced by secondary ossification centers

8

Which structure allows the diaphysis of the bone to increase in length until early childhood ,as well as shaping articular surfaces?

epiphyseal plate

9

The periosteum is secured to the underlying bone by dense connective tissue called

perforating (sharpeys) fibers

10

What are the small spaces in bone tissue that are holes in which osteocytes live called?

Lacunae

11

The process of bones increasing in width is known as

appositional growth

12

Which hormone increases osteoclast activity to release more calcium ions into the bloodstream?

parathyroid hormone

13

Which of the following glands or organs produces hormones that tend to decrease blood calcium levels?

Thyoid

14

Normal bone formation and growth are dependent on the adequate intake of

calcium phosphate, and vitamin D

15

Which of the following is an abnormal lateral curvature of the vertebral column often seen in the thoracic

kyphosis

16

Thoracic vertebrae differ from the other vertebrae i that they were

facets for attachment of ribs

17

Which bone is in direct contact with the first metatarsal?

medial cuneiform

18

Which of the following is the abnormal curve often seen in pregnant women as they attempt to preserve the gravity toward the end of pregnancy?

lordosis

19

The superior nasal concha is a part of which bone?

ethmoid

20

The articulation that most closely resembles a hinge i the body involves which bones?

humerus-ulna

21

Which portion of the fibula articulates with the talus?

lateral maleolus

22

On the basis of structural classification which joint is fibrous connective tissue?

syndesmosis

23

Connective tissue sacs lined with synovial membrane that act as cushions in

bursae

24

The ligaments that protect the alignment of the femoral and tibial condyles and limit the movement of the anteriorly and posteriorly are called

cruciate ligaments

25

Synovial fluid is present in joint cavities of freely movable joints. Which of the following statements is true fluid?

it contains hyaluronic acid

26

What are merisci?

Semilunar cartilage pads

27

compared to the shoulder, displacements of the hip joints are

Rare because of the ligament reinforcement

28

Which ligaments hold the radius to the ulna at the proximal end?

anular

29

Extra capsular ligaments stabilizing the knee include

lateral and medial collateral ligaments preventing lateral or medial angular movements

30

An example of an intreosseous fibrous joint is

the radius and ulna along it length