Sport Psychology

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1

What is Sport Psychology

The scientific study of people and their behaviors in sport and exercise activities and the practical application of that knowledge

2

What is role-related behavior

The part of your personality that is most affected by the environment

3

What is motivation

The direction of intensity and effort

4

What is the cognitive evaluation theory

Motivation theory that says its how your view the reward more than the reward itself that determines behavior

5

What is the definition of stress

This term describes an imbalance between the environmental demand and your perceived capabilities

6

What are the 5 traits from the big 5 theory and know what they include

OCEAN, not a great model for sport because sports are highly situational

7

What is the interactionist theory

Theory that states that behavior is a function of our personality and environment. Gold standard theory for sports

8

What is the psychological core

Your deepest and most unchanging traits of your personality

9

What is psychodynamic theory

Personality theory that says your unconscious/youth drives your behavior

10

What is vigour

During pre-competition, elite/successful athletes show highest on this personality trait

11

What is the gravitational hypothesis

Personality theory that says your upbringing and environment may make you susceptible to playing certain sports. (If parent/siblings play, you will want to play)

12

What is the fertilizer effect

A PYD concept that sport can help grow positive behaviors and values in youth

13

What is personality

The characteristics or blend of characteristics that make a person unique

14

What is attribution

Our explanation for a particular outcome

15

What is drive theory

This theory looks at performance as a function of habit x drive. As arousal increases, performance increases. Only works when someone knows the sports, do not hype up new players because arousal is already very high, and they will play worse.

16

How is sport psychology a dual relationship

Kinesiology and Psychology make sport psychology

17

What is arousal and what types of arousal are there?

A blend of psychological and physiological activation or autonomic reactivity. Physiological, behavioral, and cognitive

18

What is anxiety?

______ (H/L) trait anxiety people tend to have higher state anxiety in evaluative/performance situations.

Negative emotional impact after arousal, how the mind reacts to arousal. Answer is high

19

What is PYD and transfer

The idea that what you learn in sport can be applied to other parts of life

20

What is asset promotion

A PYD approach focused on promoting or enhancing developmental assets. Programs for a shared vision of positive human development

21

What is a deficit based approach

A PYD approach focused on reducing risks, deficits, and compromising behaviors. Prevention programs for at-risk behaviors

22

How is psych multidisciplinary

Because it matters in the military, with surgeons, dentists, athletes, etc

23

What is a typical response

How we usually behave in the external world

24

What are the three main roles of a sport psychologist

Researcher, teacher, and consultant

25

What is extrinsic motivation

Motivation based on winning, outside approval, recognition

26

Catastrophe theory

A drastic plummet in performance that is only able to be gradually overcome

27

What is trait

Stable behaviors across situations

28

What is state

Now social environment dictates behavior

29

Iceberg Profile

Elite athlete low on tension, depression, anger, fatigue, and confusion, but high on vigour. Unsuccessful athlete is low on all things.

30

Intrinsic motivation

Behavior that occurs in the absence of any external reward

31

The more people feel in control of their environment, the higher their _____ (I/E) motivation.

If you introduce extrinsic rewards, _____(I/E) motivation goes ____ (up/down).

Research shows that athletes who are the most successful have _____ motivation.

Intrinsic

Extrinsic up, or intrinsic down

Intrinsic AND extrinsic

32

Outcome oriented vs Task/process oriented

Care more about winning than performance, vs caring about improving yourself, not winning

33

Inverted U hypothesis

As arousal increases, performance increases, but too much or too little arousal, and performance is poor

34

Individualized Zone of Optimal Functioning

Different levels of anxiety effect people differently, for the better or for the worse

35

Reversal theory. Know what happens with different levels of stress and arousal

card image

Strongest predictor of performance is cognitive interpretation. Basically meaning, thoughts matter most.

36

Que Utilization Theory

Optimal arousal leads to optimal attention field

Low arousal leads to excessively broad attention field (picking daises in outfield and coordination is off)

High arousal leads to tunnel vision (missed guy wide open under basket)

37

Physiological arousal response

Hands sweaty, butterflies, blushing, racing heart beat

38

Cognitive arousal response

Worried, stressed, angry, hopeless

39

Behavioral arousal response

Shaky leg, chewed pen, pulling hair