Anatomy Histology Review Flashcards


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created 11 years ago by MitsukiTenshi
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updated 11 years ago by MitsukiTenshi
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12th grade, College: First year
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1
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Tissue type, function, location

Simple Squamous Epithelial
Diffusion and filtration
Bowman's capsules and alveoli of lungs

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Tissue type, function, location

Simple Cuboidal Epithelial
secretion and absorption
Kidney tubules and collecting ducts

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Tissue type, function, location

Simple Columnar Epithelial Ciliated
Absorption (if ciliated, cilia helps propels mucus)
ciliated - uterine tubes, small bronchi

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Tissue type, function, location

Simple Columnar Epithelial nonciliated
Absorption, has microvili to increase surface area.
nonciliated - digestive tract

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Tissue type, function, location

Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelial
Secretion of mucus
Nonciliated - ducts of male reproductive tubes
Ciliated - trachea and most of upper respiratory tract

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Tissue type, function, location

Stratified Squamous Epithelial unkeratinized
Protection, moist lining of body openings
mouth, esophagus

7
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Tissue type, function, location

Stratified squamous epithelial keratinized
Protection from abrasion
Skin

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Tissue type, function, location

Stratified Cuboidal Epithelial
Protection
Largest ducts of sweat glands, mammary glands

9
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Tissue type, function, location

Stratified Columnar Epithelial
Protection and secretion
male urethra

10
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Tissue type, function, location

Transitional Epithelial
Distention
bladder

11
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Tissue type, function, location

Mesenchyme
embryonic connective tissue
cells are undifferenciated and can become any connective tissue. Hyaline cartilage can typically be found near it because hyaline makes up the embryonic skeleton.

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Tissue type, function, location, cell type, matrix

Loose Connective: Areolar
wraps and cushions tissue
packages organ, under epithelial (papillary layer of dermis)
Cell: Fibroblast
Matrix: Collagen, elastic, reticualr

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Tissue type, function, location, cell type, matrix

Loose Connective: Adipose
Energy storage
Around kidneys
Cell : adipocytes
Matrix: reduced

14
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Tissue type, function, location, cell type, matrix

Loose Connective: Reticular
soft internal skeleton
lymph nodes
cell: fibroblast
Matrix: reticular

15
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Tissue type, function, location, cell type, matrix

Dense irregular
withstand tension from numerous directions
dermis of skin
cell: fibroblast
matrix: collagen and elastic

16
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Tissue type, function, location, cell type, matrix

Dense Regular
attach muscle to bone, bone to bone, withstand great stress in one direction
tendons
Cell: Fibroblast
Matrix: collagen and elastin

17
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Tissue type, function, location, cell type, matrix

Elastic Connective Tissue
Allows recoil after stretching
Walls of arteries
cell: fibroblast
Matrix: collagen and elastin

18
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Tissue type, function, location, cell type, matrix

Hyaline Cartilage
resists repetitive stress
fetal skeleton
cell: Chdrocytes (inside lacunae)
Matrix: Chondrin

19
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Tissue type, function, location, cell type, matrix

Elastic Cartilage
allows great flexibility
ear
cell: chondrocyte (inside lacunae)
matrix: chondrin and elastic fibers

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Tissue type, function, location, cell type, matrix

Fibrocartilage
absorb compressive shock
intervertebral disc
cell: Chondrocytes (inside lacunae)
Matrix: Chondrin and elastic

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Tissue type, function, location, cell type, matrix

Bone Tissue
supports and protects organs
location: bone
Cell: osteocyte
Matrix: calcium salts deposited on collagen

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Tissue type, function, location, cell type, matrix

Blood Tissue
transports gases, nutrients and waste
blood vessels
cell: erythrocytes, leukocytes, platelets
matrix: liquid plasma

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Tissue type, function, location

Skeletal Muscle
Voluntary Movement
attached to bones

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Tissue type, function, location

Cardiac Muscle
Involuntary contracts to propel blood throughout the circulatory system.
Heart

25
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Tissue type, function, location

Smooth Muscle
propels substances along internal passageways
stomach

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27
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Gland type?

Sebaceous Gland
secrete oily substance some associate with haira