Chapter 3

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created 3 years ago by Julie_Wardia
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Protein
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1

Intravascular

Within blood vessels

2

Intracellular

within cells

3

Interstitial

between cells

4

Edema

the swelling of body tissues secondary to the accumulation of excessive fluid

5

Denatured

An irreversible process in which the structure of a protein is disrupted leading to partial or complete loss of function

6

Globular

Spherical

7

Macronutrients

Nutrients required by the body in large amounts; namely carbs, protein, and fat

8

Kwashiorkor

a type of PEM resulting from a deficiency of protein or infections

9

Marasmus

A type of PEM resulting from severe deficiency or impaired absorption of calories, protein, vitamins, and minerals

10

What is the RDA for protein for a healthy adult who weighs 165 pounds?

A. 60 g

B. 75g

C. 100g

D. 165 g

A

11

The client asks what foods are rich in protein and are less expensive than meat. Which of the following foods would the nurse recommend she eat more of?

A. breads and cereals

B. legumes

C. fruit and vegetables

D. fish and shellfish

B

12

Which of the following sources of protein is lowest in fat?

A. eggs

B. Ground chicken.

C. 80% lean ground beef

D. turkey breast without skin

D

13

Which statement indicates the client understands vegetarian diets?

A. "Vegetarians need to eat more calories than non vegetarians in order to spare protein"

B. "Vegetarian diets are always healthier than non vegetarian diets"

C. Vegetarians usually do not consume enough protein

D. Vegetarians may need to take supplements of iron, vitamin B12, and calcium.

D

14

A client who is in a positive nitrogen balance is most likely to be

A. a healthy adult

B. starving

C. Pregnant

D. Losing weight

C

15

An adult in the hospital has been diagnosed with marasmus. Which of the following would you expect?

A. the client has experienced severe weight loss

B. the client denies hunger

C. the client has edema and a swollen abdomen

D. the onset of the deficiency was rapid

A

16

The nurse knows that instructions have been effective when the client verbalizes that a source of complete, high-quality protein is found in

A. peanut butter

B. black-eyed peas

C. cottage cheese

D. corn

C

17

A client says that she doesn't eat much meat. After teaching the client about serving sizes, the nurse determines that the teaching has been effective when the client states that an ounce of meat provides approx. the same amount of protein as which of the following?

A. 8 oz of milk

B. 8 oz of nuts

C. 2 oz of cheese

D. 2 eggs

A