Chapter 5

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1

Adverse drug event

any undesirable occurrence related to administration of or failure to administer a prescribed medication

2

Adverse drug reactions

unexpected, unintended, or excessive responses to medications given at therapeutic dosages; one type of adverse drug event

3

Allergic reaction

any immunologic reaction resulting from an unusual sensitivity of a patient to a certain medication; a type of adverse drug event and a subtype of adverse drug reactions

4

Idiosyncratic reaction

any abnormal and unexpected response to a medication, other than an allergic reaction that is peculiar to an individual patient

5

Medical errors

a broad term used to refer to any errors at any point in patient care that cause or have the potential to cause patient harm

6

Medication errors

any preventable adverse drug events involving inappropriate medication use by a patient or healthcare professional; they may or may not cause the patient harm

7

Medication reconciliation

a procedure to maintain an accurate and up-to-date list of medications for all patients between all phases of health care delivery

8

OU:

Both eyes

9

OS:

left eye

10

OD:

right eye

11

U = units

units

12

Ug:

micrograms

13

QD:

every day

14

QOD:

Every other day

15

D/c

discharge/discontinue

16

HS:

half strength

17

cc:

cubic centimeters

18

AU:

Both ears

19

AS:

left ear

20

AD:

right ear

21

mg:

milligrams