Nurs 1014

Helpfulness: 0
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1

holistic care

care that addresses the many dimensions that comprise the whole person, the nurse must understand and respect each person’s own definition of health and responses to illness and should be familiar with models of health and illness.

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health

is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, not merely the absence of disease or infirmity

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morbidity

how frequently a disease occurs,

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mortality

the numbers of deaths resulting from a disease.

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Wellness

a term often used interchangeably with health— is an active state of being healthy, including living a lifestyle that promotes good physical, mental, and emotional health.

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Disease

is a medical term, referring to pathologic changes in the structure or function of the body or mind.

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illness

is the response of the person to a disease;

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acute illness

usually has a rapid onset of symptoms and lasts only a relatively short time.

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Chronic illness

is a broad term that encompasses many different physical and mental alterations in health, with one or more of the following characteristics:• It is a permanent change. • It causes, or is caused by, irreversible alterations in normal anatomy and physiology. • It requires special patient education for rehabilitation. • It requires a long period of care or support.

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remission

when the disease is present, but the person does not experience symptoms

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exacerbation

the symptoms of the disease reappear

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health disparity

is defined by Healthy People 2020 as a “particular type of health dif- ference that is closely linked with social, economic, and/or environmental disadvantage”

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risk factor

is something that increases a person’s chances for illness or injury.

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Health promotion

is the behavior of a person who is moti- vated by a personal desire to increase well-being and health potential