Public Speaking

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created 8 years ago by hlynn1993
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Chapter 7
Grade levels:
College: First year
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1

Statistical Measures

mean

average value of a group of numbers

2

Statistical Measures

median

middle figure in a group once the figures are put in order from the highest to the lowest

3

Statistical Measures

mode

number in a set that occurs most frequently in a group of numbers

4

tips for using statistics

make sure the statistics are from a reliable source
use statistics to quantify your ideas
use statistics sparingly
identify the sources of your statistics
explain your statistics
round off complicated statistics
use visual aids to clarify statistical trends

5

Testimony

quotations or paraphrases used to support a poin

6

Expert

from people who are recognized experts in their fields

7

peer

ordinary people with firsthand experience or insight on a topic

8

Direct Quotation

testimony that is presented word for word

9

Quoting out of context

distorting a statement’s meaning by removing the statement from the words and phrases surrounding it

10

Paraphrase

to restate or summarize a source’s ideas in one’s own words

11

Tips for using testimony

quote or paraphrase accurately
use testimony from qualified sources
use testimony from unbiased sources
identify the people you quote or paraphrase

12

Types of Examples

brief examples
extended examples: a story narrative
hypothetical examples: describes an imaginary

13

Tips for Using Examples

use examples to clarify you ideas
use examples to reinforce your ideas
use examples to personalize ideas
make your examples vivid and richly textured
practice delivery to enhance your extended examples