Phlebotomy Review

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1

Tort

an injury or wrong committed, either with or without force, to the person or property of another, for which civil liability may be imposed.

2

Assault

the touching of another person with intent to harm, without that person's consent, a willful attempt to illegally inflict injury on or threaten a person.

3

Malpractice

a lawsuit brought against a professional person for injury or loss caused by the defendant's negligence in providing professional services.

4

Vicarious Liability

when a person is held responsible for the tort of another even though the person being held responsible may not have done anything wrong. this is often the case with employers who are held vicariously liable for the damages caused by their employees.

5

Breach of confidentiality

occurs when information that should be kept secret, with access limited to appropriate persons, is give to an inappropriate person.

6

Fraud

an intentional perversion of truth; deceitful practice or device resorted to with intent to deprive another of property or other right

7

Risk Management

system that involves identifying and reducing situations that pose unnecessary risk to employees or patients by following specific procedures and by adequately educating employees on policies and procedures adopted by the facility.

8

Quality Control

a series of checks and control measures that ensure that a uniform excellence of service is provided

9

Quality Assurance

activities involving a review of quality of services and the taking of any corrective actions to remove or improve any deficiencies

10

The following are ways biological hazards enter the human body:

Airborne: through airways into the lungs

Ingestion: by eating

Broken skin

Percutaneous: through intact skin

Mucosal: through the lining of the mouth and nose

11

RACE and PASS

R:rescue A:alarm C:confine E:extinguish

P:pull the pin A:aim at the fire S:squeeze the trigger S:sweep at the base of the fire

12

Anticoagulant Additives

EDTA Heparin

Citrates Oxalates

13

Antiglycolytic Agents

Sodium fluoride

Lithium iodoacetate

14

Bevel

slanted tip of a needle used to puncture the skin and vein without removing a piece of the vein

15

Hub

end of a needle that attaches to the blood collection device i.e. syringe or tube holder

16

Plunger

the part of the syringe that when pulled on creates a vacuum allowing the barrel of the syringe to be filled with fluid or air

17

Shaft

the hollow round long cylinder-shaped part of the needle

18

Sharps container

an easily sealed, rigid, leak-proof, puncture-resistant, disposable box with a locking lid in which used needles and sharp materials are disposed.

19

Non-blood fluid specimens

urine, amniotic fluid, cerebrospinal fluid, gastric secretions, nasopharyngeal secretions, saliva, semen, serous fluids, sputum, sweat, synovial fluid

20

AFP

Alpha-fetoprotein. Normally, it is found in the human fetus, but abnormal levels of AFP may indicate a neural tube defect in an infant or another fetal developmental problem. the test is performed on maternal serum. if results are abnormal, a test on the amniotic fluid with be used to confirm results.

21

Blood smear

blood layer on a glass slide made from a drop of blood

22

Capillary blood gases

blood gases retrieved from an arterialized skin puncture

23

interstitial fluid

liquid found between cells

24

intracellular fluid

liquid found within cell membranes

25

accession number

unique number given for each test request

26

aerosol

substance released in the form of a fine mist

27

barcode

series of black bars and white spaces spaced at intentional, unique distances to represent numbers and letters

28

centrifugation

the process of substance separation by spinning

29

impermeable

does not allow the passage of liquids

30

CPU

Central processing unit, the command center of the computer

31

Cursor

blinking marker on the computer screen that indicates where information should be inputted

32

hardware

the mechanical, magnetic, electronic, and electrical components making up a computer system

33

interface

a connection between hardware devices, applications, or different sections of a computer network

34

monitor

a device similar to a television screen that receives video signals from the computer and displays the information for the user