Applied Ethics Final

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1

In the sample case we looked at, this person was denied entrance to the University of Texas' law school due to her race.

Cheryl Hopwood

2

Due to unfair language, these create a gap between white and non-white applicants to colleges.

Standardized tests

3

Through a feeling of collective responsibility, white people often accept the use of Affirmative Action as a form of this.

Compensation of past wrongs

4

In this case, the Supreme Court upheld the decision by UC-Davis to use affirmative action in determining who they accept into medical school.

Bakke Case

5

Many people object to the compensation argument in favor of Affirmative Action by arguing that Affirmative Action should not be based on race, but should be based on this.

Class

6

This is the most commonly used argument in favor of affirmative action.

Diversity argument

7

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. scored poorly on this section of the GRE.

Verbal aptitude

8

According to the practical objection to the diversity argument, Affirmative Action does this to a minority.

Damages their self-esteem

9

The principled objection to the diversity argument is based upon this ethical theory.

Deontological ethics

10

Defenders of Affirmative Action who use the diversity argument believe that diversity is important because it serves this.

Common good

11

Thomson argues that this outweighs the right to life.

Freedom of choice

12

The choice objection to Thomson's position argues that the analogy does not hold because in the thought experiment this was done to your body, while most pregnancies are the result of choice.

It was hijacked

13

Thomson concludes that in considering the morality of abortion, the mother is expected to act according to this minimal standard.

Minimally Decent Samaritanism

14

In philosophy, these are often used as analogical arguments that entertain practical possibilities that do not actually exist.

Thought Experiments

15

This kind of act is morally praiseworthy but is not morally blameworthy if you fail to do it.

Supererogatory act

16

This was Malcolm X'x given name.

Malcolm Little

17

El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz was surprised to see white Muslims when he visited this holy city.

Mecca

18

The "X" in Malcolm X's name was a reminder to Americans that slaves were illiterate so the "X" was this.

Slave signature

19

According to Malcolm X, Northern Blacks, who felt that voting was a waste of time, were doing this to themselves.

Disenfranchising themselves

20

Malcolm X advocated this, which urged black Americans to consider returning to Africa.

Black Separatism

21

This is the goal of any non-violent direct action protest.

Negotiation

22

King was arrested for an unjust application of a just law in this city, just before writing his famous letter.

Birmingham

23

While describing the historical importance of this place, King argues that the destiny of the American Negro and the destiny of America are intertwined.

Plymouth Rock

24

King argues that the White Southern Church Leaders seek this type of peace in the civil rights movement.

Negative peace

25

King mentions this Jewish Philosopher when explaining why a law can be determined to be unjust.

Martin Buber

26

Marquis argues that the wrongness of killing is because it does this.

Deprives a person of the future value of their life.

27

Marquis argues that the wrongness of abortion does not depend upon the claim that the fetus is this.

A person

28

Marquis considers and responds to an objection presented by this person.

Michael Tooley

29

One advantage of the Deprivation of Value argument that Marquis advances is that it can be applied to explain why it is wrong to kill these non-humans.

Animals

30

Marquis argues that abortion s prima facie wrong, which means that it is wrong in this way.

"At first appearance"