The endocrine system

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1

Excessive dietary salt intake without ingesting any water would

Select one:

  1. decrease vasopressin release
  2. increase aldosterone release from the adrenals
  3. increase aldosterone release from the kidneys
  4. decrease renal water reabsorption
  5. Increase vasopressin release

5

2

Which statement is correct?

Select one:

  1. Endocrine glands secrete hormones into ducts
  2. All hormones are made from cholesterol
  3. Hormones must bind together before they can work
  4. Some hormones bind to special carrier proteins in the blood
  5. C and D are correct

4

3

Which of the following hormones are NOT released by the Pituitary gland?

Select one:

  1. ACTH, TSH
  2. FSH, Prolactin
  3. CRH, TRH, GnRH
  4. GH, LH
  5. Oxytocin, Vasopressin

3

4

Adrenocortricotropin hormone (ACTH) is synthesized and secreted by the

Select one:

  1. Anterior pituitary
  2. Posterior Pituitary
  3. Hypothalamus
  4. Adrenal Cortex
  5. Melanocytes

1

5

The Adrenal Medulla makes and secretes

Select one:

  1. Cortisol
  2. Aldosterone
  3. Androgens
  4. Adrenaline/Epinephrine
  5. A, B and C

4

6

The Gonadotropic hormone Luteinising Hormone, (L.H.) stimulates

Select one:

  1. Milk production in the female breast
  2. Testosterone production by the testis
  3. Estrogen production by the ovary
  4. A and C
  5. B and C

5

7

Cortisol controls its synthesis and secretion by

Select one:

  1. Paracrine activity
  2. Autocrine activity
  3. Feed back on the adrenal medulla
  4. Feed back on the Hypothalamus and Pituitary
  5. None of the above

4

8

Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) is an important hormone because it regulates

Select one:

  1. Metabolism
  2. Calcium levels in the body
  3. Temperature of the body
  4. Sodium levels in the body
  5. Thyroid hormone secretion from the Thyroid gland.

2

9

The Gonadotropic Hormone Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) stimulates

Select one:

  1. Ovarian follicle development in the female
  2. Testicular development in the male
  3. Androgen production in the male testis
  4. Gamete production in the male
  5. A and D

5

10

In the case of Gonadal (testes and ovaries) steroids, which is Incorrect?

Select one:

  1. Determine secondary sex characteristics eg hair and body shape
  2. Affect the synthesis and secretion of FSH and LH
  3. stimulate gametegenesis
  4. They stimulate growth
  5. Cause water and salt in the body to form urine and its excretion via the ureter

5

11

The Adrenal Medulla makes and secretes
Select one:
a. Cortisol
b. Aldosterone
c. Androgens
d. Adrenaline/Epinephrine
e. A, B and C

4

12

In a normal person who has fasted for more than 24 hours you would expect

Select one:

  1. Elevated blood glucose
  2. Low blood glucose and elevated blood insulin levels
  3. Elevated blood glucagon levels
  4. A decrease in lipolysis (fat breakdown)
  5. None of the above

3

13

Endothelin is a peptide which

Select one:

  1. inhibits the action of NO on vascular smooth muscle
  2. causes a sustained fall in blood pressure
  3. causes vasoconstriction of vascular smooth muscle
  4. inhibits vascular smooth muscle contraction
  5. inhibits the contraction of gastrointestinal smooth muscle

3

14

A person with Type II diabetes, sometimes also known as Adult or Maturity Onset Diabetes may have elevated blood insulin levels because of

Select one:

  1. The insulin producing cells in the pancreas are over- stimulated by adrenaline
  2. The insulin molecule is different from a normal persons insulin molecule.
  3. Reduced metabolic breakdown of insulin
  4. Insulin target cells are resistant//insensitive to insulin
  5. Insulin receptors are blocked by insulin receptor antibodies

4

15

Atrial Natriuretic Peptide (ANP) in controlling salt and water balance

Select one:

  1. inhibits Vasopressin release
  2. stimulates the heart to beat faster
  3. inhibits cortisol actions in the kidney
  4. inhibits Na + excretion by the kidneys
  5. A and D

1

16

How many general classes of hormones are there?

Select one:

  1. One
  2. Two
  3. Ten
  4. Three
  5. Four

4

17

Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) is an important hormone because it regulates

Select one:

  1. Metabolism
  2. Sodium levels in the body
  3. Thyroid hormone secretion from the Thyroid gland.
  4. Temperature of the body
  5. Calcium levels in the body

5

18

In a non diabetic person, insulin levels in the blood are increased by

Select one:

  1. High protein (amino acid) and sugar meal
  2. Adrenaline
  3. Cortisol
  4. A and B
  5. A and C

5

19

Insulin stimulates the metabolic process of

Select one:

  1. Gluconeogenesis
  2. Fat breakdown (Lipolysis)
  3. Glycogenolysis
  4. Glycogen formation
  5. Glucose release from muscle cells

4

20

In the adult human which pair of hormones is essential for life?

Select one:

  1. Cortisol and Insulin
  2. Testosterone and Estrogen
  3. Testosterone and Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
  4. Insulin and Growth Hormone
  5. Growth Hormone (GH) and Prolactin

1

21

The Hormone Calcitonin causes

Select one:
a. Is secreted by the Parathyroid glands
b. Is secreted by C cells of the Thyroid
c. Increases in blood Calcium ion concentration
d. Increases bone deposition of calcium
e. B and D only

e

22

In the case of Gonadal (testes and ovaries) steroids, which is Incorrect?

Select one:
a. Affect the synthesis and secretion of FSH and LH
b. Cause water and salt in the body to form urine and its excretion via the ureter
c. stimulate gametegenesis
d. They stimulate growth
e. Determine secondary sex characteristics eg hair and body shape

b

23

Growth Hormone stimulates growth via

Select one:
a. Generation of Insulin- like growth Factors by the pancreatic islet beta cells
b. A positive feed forward mechanism on the pituitary to make more Growth Hormone
c. Inhibition of antigrowth factors
d. Generation of growth factors in target tissues
e. Binding irreversibly to target cell intracelleular receptors

d

24

Insulin stimulates the metabolic process of

Select one:
a. Fat breakdown (Lipolysis)
b. Glycogenolysis
c. Glucose release from muscle cells
d. Gluconeogenesis
e. Glycogen formation

e

25

The Gonadotropic hormone Luteinising Hormone, (L.H.) stimulates

Select one:
a. Milk production in the female breast
b. Testosterone production by the testis
c. Estrogen production by the ovary
d. A and C
e. B and C

e

26

The Hypothalamic Hypophyseal portal system is unique in that

Select one:
a. It is the major blood supply to the adrenal medulla
b. It allows anterior pituitary hormones to enter high control centres of the brain
c. Allows hormones to travel in blood from the hypothalamus to the anterior pituitary
d. It allows insulin to be secreted directly into blood after a meal
e. It is the major blood supply to the gastrointestinal system

c

27

Excessive dietary salt intake without ingesting any water would

Select one:
a. decrease vasopressin release
b. decrease renal water reabsorption
c. increase aldosterone release from the adrenals
d. Increase vasopressin release
e. increase aldosterone release from the kidneys

d

28

In the adult human which pair of hormones is essential for life?

Select one:
a. Growth Hormone (GH) and Prolactin
b. Testosterone and Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
c. Testosterone and Estrogen
d. Cortisol and Insulin
e. Insulin and Growth Hormone

d

29

The Thyroid gland is mainly affected by

Select one:
a. Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
b. Thyroid Hormone (T4 /T 3)
c. Sodium ion intake
d. A and B
e. A, B and C

d

30

An Hydrophilic Hormone is one that

Select one:
a. Binds to cell cytoplasmic proteins to form polymers and activate DNA
b. Binds to the target cell surface receptor and activates a second messenger system
c. Stimulates loss of water through the gastrointestinal system
d. Passes through the target cell membrane and binds to DNA in the nucleus
e. Stimulates loss of water through the sweat glands

b

31

Adrenocortricotropin hormone (ACTH) is synthesized and secreted by the

a. Hypothalamus
b. Adrenal Cortex
c. Anterior pituitary
d. Melanocytes
e. Posterior Pituitary

c

32

The enzyme Nitric Oxide Synthase produces Nitric Oxide from which amino acid

a. L-Tyrosine
b. L-Asparagine
c. L-Alanine
d. L- Citrulline
e. L-Arginine

e

33

The Adrenal medulla is stimulated to release it's hormone by

a. Corticotropin Releasing Hormone (CRH)
b. Sympathetic pre ganglionic nerve fibres
c. Hypothalamic Paraventricular nuclei
d. Adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH)
e. Parasympathetic pre-ganglionic fibres

b

34

The Adrenal Medulla makes and secretes

a. Cortisol
b. Aldosterone
c. Androgens
d. Adrenaline/Epinephrine
e. A, B and C

d

35

Which is Correct for a steroid Hormone?

a. They bind to the hormone binding site on cytoplasmic mRNA
b. Must be converted into a protein before they can act
c. Only bind to the surface of cells
d. They form a hormone receptor complex that binds to nuclear DNA
e. They only stimulate the enzyme cAMP

d

36

Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) is an important hormone because it regulates

a. metabolism
b. calcium levels in the body
c. sodium levels in the body
d. thyroid hormones secretion from the thyroid gland
e. temperature of the body

b

37

Thyroid hormone (T4) is made from which amino acid?

a. Tryptophan
b. Tyrosine
c. glutamate
d. alanine
e. none of the above

b

38

Atrial Natriuretic Peptide (ANP) in controlling salt and water balance

a. inhibits vasopressin release
b. stimulates the heart to beat faster
c. inhibits cortisol actions in the kidney
d. inhibits Na + excretion by the kidneys
e. A and D

a

39

Some Hormones have long half lives (T1/2) because

a. they bind to carrier proteins in blood
b. target cells for the hormone are stimulated to make more of the same hormone
c. they bind enzymes in the blood make more of the same hormone
d. they re-form into long polymer chains of the hormone
e. B and D are correct

a

40

Normal or ideal blood pressure is defined as

a. 120/80
b. >140/90
c. 120/95
d. 130/ 85
e. <90/60

a

41

In a person with a tumour secreting large amounts of parathyroid hormone into the blood you would expect to find

a. low levels of Ca ions in blood
b. High levels of Ca ions in the blood
c. Calcium loss from the bones (osteoporosis)
d. A and C
e. B and C

e

42

Which hormone has a 24 hour diurnal release profile into the blood

a. thyroid hormone (T4)
b. follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
c. insulin
d. Cortisol
e. None of the above

d

43

Which statement is correct?

a. Endocrine glands secrete hormones into ducts
b. All hormones are made from cholesterol
c. Hormones must bind together before they can work
d. Some hormones bind to special carrier proteins in the blood
e. C and D are correct

d

44

Aldosterone increases blood pressure by

a. Stimulating the adrenal cortex to cause vasoconstriction of blood vessels
b. Direct action on the heart to increase it's rate of contraction
c. Activating the adrenal medulla to release cortisol
d. Stimulating Vasopressin to act on the kidneys
e. Causing Sodium ion and water retention by the kidneys

e

45

A person with Type II diabetes, sometimes also known as Adult or Maturity Onset Diabetes may have elevated blood insulin levels because of

a. Insulin receptors are blocked by insulin receptor antibodies
b. The insulin producing cells in the pancreas are over- stimulated by adrenaline
c. Insulin target cells are resistant//insensitive to insulin
d. The insulin molecule is different from a normal persons insulin molecule.
e. Reduced metabolic breakdown of insulin

c

46

The Gonadotropic hormone Luteinising Hormone, (L.H.) stimulates
Select one:
a. Milk production in the female breast
b. Testosterone production by the testis
c. Estrogen production by the ovary
d. A and C
e. B and C

e

47

The Adrenal Medulla makes and secretes
Select one:
a. Cortisol
b. Aldosterone
c. Androgens
d. Adrenaline/Epinephrine
e. A, B and C

d

48

In a person with a tumour secreting large amounts of Parathyroid Hormone into the blood you would expect to find
Select one:
a. Low levels of Calcium ion in the blood
b. High levels of Calcium ion in the blood
c. Calcium loss from the bones (osteoporosis)
d. A and C
e. B and C

e

49

Cortisol controls its synthesis and secretion by
Select one:
a. Paracrine activity
b. Autocrine activity
c. Feed back on the adrenal medulla
d. Feed back on the Hypothalamus and Pituitary
e. None of the above

d

50

A person with Type II diabetes, sometimes also known as Adult or Maturity Onset Diabetes may have elevated blood insulin levels because of
Select one:
a. Reduced metabolic breakdown of insulin
b. Insulin receptors are blocked by insulin receptor antibodies
c. Insulin target cells are resistant//insensitive to insulin
d. The insulin producing cells in the pancreas are over- stimulated by adrenaline
e. The insulin molecule is different from a normal persons insulin molecule.

c

51

The Thyroid gland is mainly affected by
Select one:
a. Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
b. Thyroid Hormone (T4 /T 3)
c. Sodium ion intake
d. A and B
e. A, B and C

d

52

The Hypothalamic Hypophyseal portal system is unique in that
Select one:
a. It is the major blood supply to the gastrointestinal system
b. It is the major blood supply to the adrenal medulla
c. It allows anterior pituitary hormones to enter high control centres of the brain
d. It allows insulin to be secreted directly into blood after a meal
e. Allows hormones to travel in blood from the hypothalamus to the anterior pituitary

e

53

Insulin stimulates the metabolic process of
Select one:
a. Glycogenolysis
b. Glucose release from muscle cells
c. Glycogen formation
d. Gluconeogenesis
e. Fat breakdown (Lipolysis)

c

54

Atrial Natriuretic Peptide (ANP) in controlling salt and water balance
Select one:
a. inhibits Vasopressin release
b. stimulates the heart to beat faster
c. inhibits cortisol actions in the kidney
d. inhibits Na + excretion by the kidneys
e. A and D

a

55

Adrenocortricotropin hormone (ACTH) is synthesized and secreted by the
Select one:
a. Melanocytes
b. Adrenal Cortex
c. Posterior Pituitary
d. Anterior pituitary
e. Hypothalamus

d

56

Insulin is synthesised and secreted by pancreatic
Select one:
a. Acinar cells
b. Ductal epithelial cells
c. Beta cells of the Islets of Langerhans
d. Alpha cells of the Islets of Langerhans
e. None of the above cell types

c

57

The Hypothalamic Hypophyseal portal system is unique in that
Select one:
a. It allows insulin to be secreted directly into blood after a meal
b. It is the major blood supply to the adrenal medulla
c. It allows anterior pituitary hormones to enter high control centres of the brain
d. It is the major blood supply to the gastrointestinal system
e. Allows hormones to travel in blood from the hypothalamus to the anterior pituitary

e

58

Which is Correct for a steroid Hormone?
Select one:
a. Must be converted into a protein before they can act
b. They only stimulate the enzyme cAMP
c. Only bind to the surface of cells
d. They bind to the hormone binding site on cytoplasmic mRNA
e. They form a hormone receptor complex that binds to nuclear DNA

e

59

Which hormone has a 24 hour diurnal release profile into the blood
Select one:
a. Thyroid hormone (T4 )
b. Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
c. Insulin
d. Cortisol
e. None of the above

d

60

The Gonadotropic Hormone Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) stimulates
Select one:
a. Ovarian follicle development in the female
b. Testicular development in the male
c. Androgen production in the male testis
d. Gamete production in the male
e. A and D

e

61

The enzyme Nitric Oxide Synthase produces Nitric Oxide from which amino acid
Select one:
a. L-Alanine
b. L-Arginine
c. L-Tyrosine
d. L- Citrulline
e. L-Asparagine

b

62

Thyroid hormone (T4) is made from which amino acid?
Select one:
a. Tryptophan
b. Tyrosine
c. Glutamate
d. Alanine
e. None of the above

b

63

The Thyroid gland is mainly affected by
Select one:
a. Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
b. Thyroid Hormone (T4 /T 3)
c. Sodium ion intake
d. A and B
e. A, B and C

d

64

Aldosterone increases blood pressure by
Select one:
a. Causing Sodium ion and water retention by the kidneys
b. Stimulating the adrenal cortex to cause vasoconstriction of blood vessels
c. Activating the adrenal medulla to release cortisol
d. Direct action on the heart to increase it's rate of contraction
e. Stimulating Vasopressin to act on the kidneys

a

65

Adrenocortricotropin hormone (ACTH) is synthesized and secreted by the
Select one:
a. Posterior Pituitary
b. Hypothalamus
c. Melanocytes
d. Anterior pituitary
e. Adrenal Cortex

d

66

Adrenocortricotropin hormone (ACTH) is synthesized and secreted by the
Select one:
a. Posterior Pituitary
b. Hypothalamus
c. Melanocytes
d. Anterior pituitary
e. Adrenal Cortex

b

67

The Thyroid gland is mainly affected by

Select one:
a. Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
b. Thyroid Hormone (T4 /T 3)
c. Sodium ion intake
d. A and B
e. A, B and C

b

68

The Gonadotropic hormone Luteinising Hormone, (L.H.) stimulates

Select one:
a. Milk production in the female breast
b. Testosterone production by the testis
c. Estrogen production by the ovary
d. A and C
e. B and C

b

69

The Hormone Calcitonin causes

Select one:
a. Is secreted by the Parathyroid glands
b. Is secreted by C cells of the Thyroid
c. Increases in blood Calcium ion concentration
d. Increases bone deposition of calcium
e. B and D only

e

70

The enzyme Nitric Oxide Synthase produces Nitric Oxide from which amino acid

Select one:
a. L-Tyrosine
b. L- Citrulline
c. L-Asparagine
d. L-Alanine
e. L-Arginine

e

71

Paracrine hormone secretion involves

Select one:
a. Hormones are not secreted but remain within the endocrine cell
b. Hormones are secreted from the Paracrinous gland of the thyroid
c. Hormone secretion from one cell affecting the activity of a close neighbour cell
d. Hormone from one cell entering the blood stream and travelling to a distant site
e. Hormone released from a single cell acting back on the same cell.

c

72

In a normal person who has fasted for more than 24 hours you would expect

Select one:
a. Elevated blood glucose
b. Low blood glucose and elevated blood insulin levels
c. Elevated blood glucagon levels
d. A decrease in lipolysis (fat breakdown)
e. None of the above

c

73

The Adrenal Medulla makes and secretes

Select one:
a. Cortisol
b. Aldosterone
c. Androgens
d. Adrenaline/Epinephrine
e. A, B and C

d

74

Growth Hormone stimulates growth via

Select one:
a. Inhibition of antigrowth factors
b. Generation of growth factors in target tissues
c. A positive feed forward mechanism on the pituitary to make more Growth Hormone
d. Binding irreversibly to target cell intracelleular receptors
e. Generation of Insulin- like growth Factors by the pancreatic islet beta cells Incorrect

b

75

A person with Type II diabetes, sometimes also known as Adult or Maturity Onset Diabetes may have elevated blood insulin levels because of

Select one:
a. The insulin molecule is different from a normal persons insulin molecule.
b. Insulin target cells are resistant//insensitive to insulin
c. Insulin receptors are blocked by insulin receptor antibodies
d. The insulin producing cells in the pancreas are over- stimulated by adrenaline
e. Reduced metabolic breakdown of insulin

b

76

Aldosterone increases blood pressure by
Select one:
a. Activating the adrenal medulla to release cortisol
b. Causing Sodium ion and water retention by the kidneys
c. Direct action on the heart to increase it's rate of contraction
d. Stimulating Vasopressin to act on the kidneys
e. Stimulating the adrenal cortex to cause vasoconstriction of blood vessels

b

77

The Adrenal Medulla makes and secretes
Select one:
a. Cortisol
b. Aldosterone
c. Androgens
d. Adrenaline/Epinephrine
e. A, B and C

d

78

Growth Hormone stimulates growth via
Select one:
a. Generation of Insulin- like growth Factors by the pancreatic islet beta cells
b. A positive feed forward mechanism on the pituitary to make more Growth Hormone
c. Inhibition of antigrowth factors
d. Generation of growth factors in target tissues
e. Binding irreversibly to target cell intracelleular receptors

d

79

Cortisol controls its synthesis and secretion by
Select one:
a. Paracrine activity
b. Autocrine activity
c. Feed back on the adrenal medulla
d. Feed back on the Hypothalamus and Pituitary
e. None of the above

d

80

Excessive dietary salt intake without ingesting any water would
Select one:
a. Increase vasopressin release
b. decrease renal water reabsorption
c. decrease vasopressin release
d. increase aldosterone release from the adrenals
e. increase aldosterone release from the kidneys

a

81

Which statement is correct?
Select one:
a. Endocrine glands secrete hormones into ducts
b. All hormones are made from cholesterol
c. Hormones must bind together before they can work
d. Some hormones bind to special carrier proteins in the blood
e. C and D are correct

d

82

he Hypothalamic Hypophyseal portal system is unique in that
Select one:
a. It allows anterior pituitary hormones to enter high control centres of the brain
b. It allows insulin to be secreted directly into blood after a meal
c. It is the major blood supply to the gastrointestinal system
d. Allows hormones to travel in blood from the hypothalamus to the anterior pituitary
e. It is the major blood supply to the adrenal medulla

d

83

Paracrine hormone secretion involves
Select one:
a. Hormones are not secreted but remain within the endocrine cell
b. Hormone released from a single cell acting back on the same cell.
c. Hormone from one cell entering the blood stream and travelling to a distant site
d. Hormone secretion from one cell affecting the activity of a close neighbour cell
e. Hormones are secreted from the Paracrinous gland of the thyroid

d

84

In the adult human which pair of hormones is essential for life?
Select one:
a. Insulin and Growth Hormone
b. Cortisol and Insulin
c. Growth Hormone (GH) and Prolactin
d. Testosterone and Estrogen
e. Testosterone and Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)

b

85

In a normal person who has fasted for more than 24 hours you would expect
Select one:
a. Elevated blood glucose
b. Low blood glucose and elevated blood insulin levels
c. Elevated blood glucagon levels
d. A decrease in lipolysis (fat breakdown)
e. None of the above

c

86

An Hydrophilic Hormone is one that
Select one:
a. Passes through the target cell membrane and binds to DNA in the nucleus
b. Stimulates loss of water through the gastrointestinal system
c. Binds to cell cytoplasmic proteins to form polymers and activate DNA
d. Binds to the target cell surface receptor and activates a second messenger system
e. Stimulates loss of water through the sweat glands

d

87

Endothelin is a peptide which
Select one:
a. inhibits vascular smooth muscle contraction
b. causes a sustained fall in blood pressure
c. inhibits the action of NO on vascular smooth muscle
d. causes vasoconstriction of vascular smooth muscle
e. inhibits the contraction of gastrointestinal smooth muscle

d

88

In a person with a tumour secreting large amounts of Parathyroid Hormone into the blood you would expect to find
Select one:
a. Low levels of Calcium ion in the blood
b. High levels of Calcium ion in the blood
c. Calcium loss from the bones (osteoporosis)
d. A and C
e. B and C

e

89

The enzyme Nitric Oxide Synthase produces Nitric Oxide from which amino acid
Select one:
a. L- Citrulline
b. L-Asparagine
c. L-Tyrosine
d. L-Arginine
e. L-Alanine

d

90

The Thyroid gland is mainly affected by
Select one:
a. Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
b. Thyroid Hormone (T4 /T 3)
c. Sodium ion intake
d. A and B
e. A, B and C

d

91

Aldosterone increases blood pressure by
Select one:
a. Causing Sodium ion and water retention by the kidneys
b. Stimulating Vasopressin to act on the kidneys
c. Direct action on the heart to increase it's rate of contraction
d. Stimulating the adrenal cortex to cause vasoconstriction of blood vessels
e. Activating the adrenal medulla to release cortisol

a

92

The Hormone Calcitonin causes
Select one:
a. Is secreted by the Parathyroid glands
b. Is secreted by C cells of the Thyroid
c. Increases in blood Calcium ion concentration
d. Increases bone deposition of calcium
e. B and D only

e

93

Which hormone has a 24 hour diurnal release profile into the blood
Select one:
a. Thyroid hormone (T4 )
b. Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
c. Insulin
d. Cortisol
e. None of the above

d

94

Which is Correct for a steroid Hormone?
Select one:
a. Only bind to the surface of cells
b. They form a hormone receptor complex that binds to nuclear DNA
c. Must be converted into a protein before they can act
d. They bind to the hormone binding site on cytoplasmic mRNA
e. They only stimulate the enzyme cAMP

b

95

In a normal person who has fasted for more than 24 hours you would expect
Select one:
a. Elevated blood glucose
b. Low blood glucose and elevated blood insulin levels
c. Elevated blood glucagon levels
d. A decrease in lipolysis (fat breakdown)
e. None of the above

c