1820-1860 Monroe and Mexico

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created 10 years ago by mmc223
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Monroe Doctrine, Events leading up to Mexican American War, world reaction, leaders on both sides, end of conflict
updated 10 years ago by mmc223
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College: Fourth year
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1

US position among nations after War of 1812

Stronger but still wary

2

World events that contributed to US wariness

Fuzzy resolution of War of 1812, simmering disputes with Russia, and the Greek revolution

3

What was the Monroe Doctrine and when did it occur?

Dec. 1823, Monroe's statement to congress in effect "HANDS OFF OUR HEMISPHERE!"

4

The Monroe Doctrine stated specifically...

that we would view any European attempt at recolonization in the New World as an act hostile to the US

5

The Monroe Doctrine does not state specifically...

1. How we would discriminate b/w northern and southern American countries
2. Exactly what kind of action we would take

6

How did Americans respond to the Monroe Doctrine?

Enthusiastically for a short time

7

How did Europeans respond to the Monroe Doctrine?

with hostility or disbelief

8

How did the British respond to the Monroe Doctrine?

tried to take credit for deterring French and Spanish interference in the New World

9

How were the US and Mexico similar?

1. settled by European immigrants who faced constant challenges from indigenous peoples
2. won independence from a mother country

10

How were the US and Mexico different?

1. Mexicans mostly shared a common language and religion
2. Mexico had not been able to form a stable gov't

11

Gen. Santa Ana was known as...

brilliant, erratic, master motivator and manipulator who often switched sides

12

Zachary Taylor was known as...

"Old Rough and Ready" because of his willingness to share the hardships of his men

13

The beginning of Mexico's troubles in TX

Mexico invited southern Mexicans and Americans to migrate into TX

14

What were the conditions of migration into TX?

Speak Spanish, adopt Catholicism, and give up slavery

15

True/False.

American settlers happily adopted Spanish ways

16

What happened at the Alamo?

American settlers led by Jim Bowie, Davy Crockett and Wm. B Travis barricaded themselves in the fort. After 12 days' seige, Santa Ana's forces broke through and killed all the men

17

When did the battle of the alamo occur?

Feb - March 1836

18

When did TX declare its independence?

Apr. 21, 1836 at the Battle of San Jacinto

19

Divided opinions on TX as a nation

1. Some Texans wanted statehood, some wanted to remain independent
2. Britain and France favored an independent TX and urged Mexico to recognize TX
3. Southerners feared British influence would lead to abolition and race war

20

What President initiated process of annexation for TX?

John Tyler in 1844

21

How did Mexico view TX statehood?

as a "most scandalous violation" and severed diplomatic relations with the US

22

What reasons did James Knox Polk have for going to war with Mexico?

He had designs on New Mexico and California too
He thought the British had designs on California
He invoked the Monroe Doctrine

23

Who did Polk send to Mexico to negotiate before going to war?

John Slidell of Louisiana, fluent in Spanish language and Mexican culture

24

How did Mexico respond to Slidell?

They thought he had come to reestablish diplomatic relations and were insulted when he asked for California and recognition of the Rio Grande River boundary instead of the Nueces River boundary

25

What finally prompted Polk to commence war?

Mexican troops attacked a Taylor patrol inside what Mexico thought of as their country

26

Future notables who fought in Mexico

Robert E Lee, US Grant, Jefferson Davis

27

Who led the campaigns for CA and New Mexico?

Stockton and Fremont in CA, and Kearney in New Mexico. Both campaigns quickly successful

28

The war with Mexico was supposed to last about ___ but ended up lasting about ____.

3-4 months, 2 years

29

Battle of Buena Vista

Taylor's 4000 men victory over 20,000 Mexicans at Monterrey, Feb. 1847

30

Final campaign in Mexico

Winfield Scott's 12,000 besiege and capture Veracruz, then move to occupy Mexico City, march 1847

31

The war with Mexico had a budget of $_____ but ended up costing about $_____

$10 million, $97 million + $15 million in US citizen claims against Mexico

32

Death toll of war with Mexico

15,000 lives

33

Treaty that ended the war with Mexico

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

34

How was the question of slavery in the new territory settled?

Wilmot Proviso of 1848 banned slavery in territory acquired from Mexico

35

The Mexican war added _____ land to the U.S.

1.2 million square miles

36

US presidents from 1817-1860

James Monroe
John Quincy Adams
Andrew Jackson
Martin van Buren
Wm Henry Harrison
John Tyler
James Knox Polk
Zachary Taylor
Millard Fillmore
Franklin Pierce
James Buchanan