1800-1812 Expansion and Embargo
Jefferson's vision for America
a series of independent republics stretching from Atlantic to Pacific
Why was Jefferson eager to acquire LA territory?
This large block of land would be ideal for yeoman farmers, and the farther western areas might serve as a permanent resettlement for Indians.
Two acquisitions that were vital to our growing economy
Control of MS River and the Port of New Orleans
Why was Jefferson very eager to acquire Florida?
The Spanish had allowed it to degenerate into a haven for pirates, British agitators, and escaped slaves.
Jefferson considered _____ as a means to acquire LA territory and Florida
an alliance with Britain
Why was it extraordinary for Jefferson to consider an alliance with the British?
US firm policy against alliances and his lack of love for the British
Who and when did Jefferson send someone to Paris to negotiate for the LA territory?
James Monroe in Jan. 1803
Why was Napoleon willing to consider selling the LA territory?
He was overextended financially with his wars with Britian.
What was the selling price of the LA territory?
$15 million or about .15c an acre
How much land came with the LA territory?
830,000 square miles, double the size of the earlier US
What was extraordinary about Jefferson's purchase of LA territory?
He did it without congressional authorizing, using his claimed power to make treaties.
When did the Lewis and Clark expedition take place and what was the purpose?
1803-1806. Spy mission to find out who lived in the new territory and how well armed and organized they were.
How and when did the US acquire West Florida?
Settlement of the War of 1812
How and when did the US acquire East Florida?
Adams-Onis Treaty of 1819
Another name for Adams-Onis Treaty
How and when did conflict occur b/w the USS Chesapeake and the HMS Leopard?
June 1807, Chesapeake took on 4 sailors from a British ship. When the Chesapeake passed into international waters, the Leopard opened fire.
What was the actual status of the men taken aboard the Chesapeake?
1 deserter and 3 Americans who had earlier been pressed into British service
US citizen response to Chesapeake incident
Outrage, with Philadelphia citizens almost destroying a British ship
Jefferson's first response to the Chesapeake incident
closed US ports to the Royal Navy and demanded reparation
British response to Jefferson's restrictions
required a stop and a license upon American ships bound for Europe
How did France respond to British licensing?
France threatened to seize any US ships carrying British license
How did Jefferson respond to threats to our shipping from both the British and French?
Embargo of 1807, which hurt our economy more than the other countries'