1800-1812 Expansion and Embargo

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created 10 years ago by mmc223
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LA Purchase, Lewis and Clark, Chesapeake and Leopard, Embargo of 1807
updated 10 years ago by mmc223
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College: Fourth year
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1

Jefferson's vision for America

a series of independent republics stretching from Atlantic to Pacific

2

Why was Jefferson eager to acquire LA territory?

This large block of land would be ideal for yeoman farmers, and the farther western areas might serve as a permanent resettlement for Indians.

3

Two acquisitions that were vital to our growing economy

Control of MS River and the Port of New Orleans

4

Why was Jefferson very eager to acquire Florida?

The Spanish had allowed it to degenerate into a haven for pirates, British agitators, and escaped slaves.

5

Jefferson considered _____ as a means to acquire LA territory and Florida

an alliance with Britain

6

Why was it extraordinary for Jefferson to consider an alliance with the British?

US firm policy against alliances and his lack of love for the British

7

Who and when did Jefferson send someone to Paris to negotiate for the LA territory?

James Monroe in Jan. 1803

8

Why was Napoleon willing to consider selling the LA territory?

He was overextended financially with his wars with Britian.

9

What was the selling price of the LA territory?

$15 million or about .15c an acre

10

How much land came with the LA territory?

830,000 square miles, double the size of the earlier US

11

What was extraordinary about Jefferson's purchase of LA territory?

He did it without congressional authorizing, using his claimed power to make treaties.

12

When did the Lewis and Clark expedition take place and what was the purpose?

1803-1806. Spy mission to find out who lived in the new territory and how well armed and organized they were.

13

How and when did the US acquire West Florida?

Settlement of the War of 1812

14

How and when did the US acquire East Florida?

Adams-Onis Treaty of 1819

15

Another name for Adams-Onis Treaty

Transcontinental Treaty

16

How and when did conflict occur b/w the USS Chesapeake and the HMS Leopard?

June 1807, Chesapeake took on 4 sailors from a British ship. When the Chesapeake passed into international waters, the Leopard opened fire.

17

What was the actual status of the men taken aboard the Chesapeake?

1 deserter and 3 Americans who had earlier been pressed into British service

18

US citizen response to Chesapeake incident

Outrage, with Philadelphia citizens almost destroying a British ship

19

Jefferson's first response to the Chesapeake incident

closed US ports to the Royal Navy and demanded reparation

20

British response to Jefferson's restrictions

required a stop and a license upon American ships bound for Europe

21

How did France respond to British licensing?

France threatened to seize any US ships carrying British license

22

How did Jefferson respond to threats to our shipping from both the British and French?

Embargo of 1807, which hurt our economy more than the other countries'