anatomy/physiology SE2 final

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created 5 years ago by kaitlynm2
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1
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A

state the structure and function

neutrophil

-most common white blood cell

-main bacteria killer during acute infections

2
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B

state the structure and function

monocyte

-becomes a macrophage

3
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C

state the structure and function

eosinophil

-kills parasitic hormones

4
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D

state the structure and function

lymphocyte

mounts an immune response by direct cell attack or via antibodies

5
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B

structure and function

AV node

-the point in the conduction system of the heart where the impulse is temporarily delayed

6
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A

structure and function

SA node

-pacemaker of the heart

7
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C

structure and function

AV bundle

-found in the interventricular system

8
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D

structure and function

bundle branches

-transmit cardiac action potentials from the bundle of His to the Purkinje fibers

9
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E

structure and function

purkinje fibers

-network found in the ventricular myocardium

10
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A

ventricular depolarization

11
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D

point in which pressure begins in the aorta

12
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E

makes "dup" sound

13
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normal sinus rhythm

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junctional rhythm

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second degree AV block

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ventricular fibrillation

17

inner lining of the heart

endocardium

18

heart muscle

myocardium

19

serous layer covering the heart muscle

epicardium

20

outermost layer of the pericardium

parietal layer

21

prevents backflow to the right atrium (hint: it is a valve on what appears to be the left side of the heart although it is actually the right)

tricuspid valve

22

regulates blood flow into the left ventricle

mitral (bicuspid) valve

23

pumps deoxygenated blood through the right ventricle

right atrium

24

pumps oxygenated blood through the aorta

left ventricle

25

carries oxygenated blood from the lungs back to the left atrium

pulmonary veins

26
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A

(structure/what it is associated with)

afferent arteriole

-structure most closely associated with granular cells

27
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B

collecting duct

28
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C

glomerulus

29
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D

peritubular capillaries

30
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E

where ovulation occurs

31
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C

graafian follicle

32
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D

corpus luteum

33
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A

mucosa (area of lamina propria)

34
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D

serosa

35
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C

smooth muscle layer

36
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A

structure/function

liver

-main function is to filter and process the nutrient-rich blood delivered to it

-receives blood via the hepatic portal system

37
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B

structure/function

small intestine

-increases surface area for absorption via villi and microvilli

-contains brush border enzymes

38
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C

structure/function

stomach

-only digestive structure w 3 muscle layers

-produces a mucoid barrier

39
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D

structure/function

pancreas

-produces enzymes that break down all categories of foodstuffs

40
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E

structure/function

large intestine

-bacteria processes undigested chyme from the small intestine

41
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A

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Inspiratory reserve volume

42
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B

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Tidal volume