Milady's Standard Cosmetology 2008: Skin Flashcards
scientific method of manipulating the body by rubbing, kneading, tapping, or stroking with the hands to exercise facial muscles, maintain muscle tone, stimulate circulation
Conditions a client has or a treatment a client is undergoing that may cause negative side effects during the facial treatment.
determines the skin type. Skin condition and needed treatment.
Ask about health, skin care history, advise home care skin analysis
Skin thinning drugs. Exfoliating drugs. Avoid exfoliation peeling or stimulating treatments.
determined by oily or dryness. skin type is hereditary and can not be permanently changed with treatment. Skin conditions are characteristics of the skin associated with a particular skin type.
the amount of sebum produced by the sebaceous glads determines the size of the pores and is hereditary.
means lack of liquid. it becomes dehydrated because it does not produce enough sebum to prevent the evaporation of cell moisture.
produces to much sebum and has large pores. skin will appear shiny or greasy. pores may be clogged from dead cells building up in hair follicles
open comedome: (blackheads) mixture ofsolidified sebum and dead cell buildup tuck in the follicles.
closed comedome: small bumps just underneath the skin surface
the difference between the two is the size of the follicle opening or ostium
has even pore distribution. it is very soft with a smooth surface and lacks wrincles. normal skin is rare.
pores are down the center of the face. outter edges of the face have pores that are not visible or become smaller.
wider distribultion of large pores. down the center of the face. those pores extend to the puter cheeks. pores become smaller toward the edges of the face
pores are very large in all areas. considered a skin type because its hereditary. presence of numerous open and closed comedones, clogged pores, and red papules and pustules.
analysis of skin conditions
conditions are generally treatable, not hereditary, and associated with a particular
indication by flaky ares or skin that wrinkles easily on the surface. gently pinching the skin surface may result in the formation of many fine lines. this indicates dehydration. dehydrated skin may be caused by lack of care, improper skin care products, sun exposure, etc. treat by usaing hydrators appropriate for skin type.
dark blotches of color. most are caused by sun exposure or hormone imbalance. use of mild exfoliates, sunscreem and aviodance of sun exposure can help.
characterized by a thin, red-pink look. skin turns red and isd easily inflamed ny skin care products. avoid use of strong products
cronic hereditary disorder. can be indicated by constant or frequent facial blushing.
aka: telangiectasias or couperose. avoid use of treatement that releases heat or stimulates the skin.
indicates loss of elasticity. skin tends to sag in areas around the eyes and jaw line. wrinkles may appear. treatments that hydrate and exfoliate improve skin appearance.
sun damaged skin
has been cronically exposed to sun over clients lifetime. hyperpigmentation, wrinkles and sagging skin will be present.
superficial growth or patch of skin that does not resemble the surrounding area
primary sdkin lesions
variations of color or texture that may be present at birth or that may be aquired during a persons life time
secondary skin lesions
a small circle flat spot. discolored spot or patch on the top of the skin
a raised lesion less that 1/5 in across and filled with a clear fluid
a raised lesion filled with pus
a solid raised lesion less than 2/5 in across
a solid lesion that has distinct edges and is more deeply rooted than a papule