Big five factors
Openness, Conscientiousness, Extroversion, Agreeableness, Neuroticism
Closedness, Disinhibition, Introversion, Antagonism, Emotional stability
DSM-V personality disorders
Avoidant PD, OCD PD, antisocial PD, borderline PD, schizotypal PD, narcissistic PD
People exhibit a pervasive pattern of social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy and hypersensitivity to negative evaluation. Include introversion and neuroticism.
People may be controlling and exhibit workaholism and perfectionism. Include high conscientiousness
People may be calculating, manipulative, untruthful, and irresponsible. Includes antagonism and low conscientiousness
People may have difficulty controlling their emotions and may be prone to anger, self destruction, and fear of abandonment. Includes high neuroticism.
People feel uncomfortable in social situations, are withdrawn, have strange ideas, and are suspicious. Includes high neuroticism, high introversion, high antagonism, and unconventionality
People tend to be quick to react to anger, have a need to be held in high regard, can be authoritative, and seek recognition. Include high neuroticism, high extroversion, high antagonism, and conscientiousness
Validity of PD
Little is known about cause, personality disorders have childhood antecedents, stable across lifespan, and are linked to brain structure
Treatment of PD
Few seek treatment because they assume that is just how they are. They are difficult to treat and psychosocial and pharmacologic treatments show benefits