Activity 4: Conducting a Microscopic Study of Slected Female Reproductive Organs

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1

The Uterus

The Uterus

2

What is the function of the uterus's myometrium during the birthing process? (Hint: Think of what is pushed and towards what canal?)

The myometrium contracts to push the baby towards the cervical canal

3

During the birthing process, as the myometrium of the uterus contracts, what is exerted on the amniotic sac?

Pressure is exerted on the amniotic sac

4

The myometrium of the uterus is a layer of what?

A layer of smooth muscle

5

The Fallopian Tube

The Fallopian Tube

6

What nearly fills the lumen of the fallopian tube?

Muscosal folds

7

The Ovary

The Ovary

8

What is the germinal epithelium of the ovary?

The outermost layer of the ovary

9

What is a primary follicle? (Hint: Think of what type of cells and what they surround)

One or a few layers of cuboid cells surrounding the oocyte

10

What is an oocyte or ovum?

An immature egg

11

Secondary follicles consist of several layers of what type of cells?

Granulosa cells

12

The granulosa cells of secondary follicles surround what?

The developing oocyte or developing ovum

13

With secondary follicles, what 2 evidences begin to show?

1. Fluid accumulation

2. Antrum formation

14

Antrum formation is also the formation of what type of cavity?

Formation of a central cavity

15

With a mature ovarian follicle, the follicle has a large antrum containing what?

Fluid

16

The fluid in the antrum of the mature ovarian follicle is produced by what type of cells?

Granulosa cells

17

In a mature ovarian follicle, the developing oocyte or ovum is pushed to what side of the follicle?

A side of the follicle

18

In a mature ovarian follicle, the developing oocyte or ovum is pushed to one side of the follicle and is covered by a capsule of what type of cells?

Granulosa cells

19

The capsule of granulosa cells that covers the developing oocyte or ovum in a mature ovarian follicle is referred to as what?

Corona radiata

20

When is the developing oocyte or ovum called a secondary oocyte?

When itis released

21

The secondary oocyte enters what tubes with what intact?

Enters the fallopian tubes with its corona radiata intact

22

The connective tissue adjacent to the mature ovarian follicle (or around it) forms what?

A capsule

23

The capsule of connective tissue that surrounds the mature ovarian follicle or is adjacent to it is called what?

The theca folliculi

24

The corpus luteum is what type of structure?

A glandular or endocrine structure

25

The corpus luteum develops from what? (Hint: Think follicle)

Develops from the ovulated follicle

26

The Mammary Glands

The Mammary Glands

27

The mammary glands exist within the breasts of how many sexes?

Both sexes

28

The mammary glands only have a reproduction-related function in what group of individuals?

In females only

29

What is the function of the mammary glands? (Hint: function in regard to a newborn)

To produce milk to nourish the newborn infant

30

The importance of the mammary glands is more closely associated with what type of events?

Events that occur after reproduction has already been accomplished

31

How is the size of the female mammary glands increased at puberty? (Hint: Think hormones)

By periodic stimulation of female sex hormones, specifically estrogens

32

During puberty, what system of females become more elaborate?

The duct system of the female mammary glands

33

During puberty, what tissue is also deposited in the mammary glands?

Adipose tissue

34

What is the more important contributor to increase in breast size during puberty?

Adipose tissue or fat deposition in the mammary glands

35

The mammary glands lie anterior to what muscles of the thorax?

The pectoral msucles of the thorax

36

The mammary glands are attached to the pectoral muscles of the thorax by what tissue type?

By connective tissue

37

Slightly below the center of each breast is what pigmented area?

The areola

38

The areola surrounds what?

A nipple

39

Internally, each mammary gland consists of what range of lobes?

15-25 lobes

40

The lobes that make up each mammary gland radiate around what feature of the breasts and are separated by what 2 tissue types?

Radiate around the nipple and are separated by fibrous connective tissue and adipose tissue

41

Within each lobe that makes up part of the mammary gland, what smaller chambers can be found?

Lobules

42

The lobules contain what specific structures?

Glandular alveoli

43

What is the function of the glandular alveoli of the lobules?

To produce milk during lactation

44

The alveoli of each lobule pass the milk into which ducts?

Lactiferous ducts

45

The lactiferous ducts join to form what storage chamber as they approach the nipple?

Lactiferous sinus

46

How are the lactiferous sinuses connected to the body exterior?

They open to the outside at the nipple

47

Trance a drop of milk from the glandular alveoli to the body exterior.

1. Glandular alveoli

2. Lactiferous ducts

3. Lactiferous sinus

4. Opening of lactiferous duct

5. Nipple

48
card image

1. Identify the blanks.

2. What is depicted specifically in the slide?

card image

1. Look above

2. Uterus wall

49
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1. Identify the blanks.

2. What is depicted specifically in the slide?

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1. Look above

2. Uterine tube

50
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1. Identify the blanks.

2. What is depicted specifically in the slide?

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1. Look above

2. Ovary/corpus luteum

51
card image

1. Identify the blanks.

2. What is depicted specifically in the slide?

card image

1. Look above

2. Mature ovarian follicle

52
card image

1. Identify the blanks.

2. What is depicted specifically in the slide?

card image

1. Look above

2. Uterus

53
card image

1. Identify the blanks.

2. What is depicted specifically in the slide?

card image

1. Look above

2. Uterine tube

54
card image

Identify the blanks.

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55
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Identify the blanks.

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