General Survey, Measurement, Vital Signs

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created 5 years ago by Rachel_Escosia
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1

What physical appearances are observed in a General Survey?

age, sex, level of consciousness, skin color, and facial features

2

What body structures are observed in a General Survey?

stature, nutrition, symmetry, posture, position, and body build/contour

3

What are the main characteristics observed in a general survey?

physical appearance, body structures, mobility, behavior

4

How can temperature be measured?

oral, electronic thermometer, axillary, rectal, and tympanic membrane thermometer

5

What are the factors that an influence temperature?

diurnal cycle, menstrual cycle, exercise, and age

6

Define Bradycardia

In adults, at rest, the heart rate is less than 50 beats/min.

7

Define Tachycardia

Rapid heart rate (at rest)- heart rate is over 95 beats/min or over 100 beats/min

8

What is sinus arrythmia?

the heart rate varies with the respiratory cycle, speeding up at the peak of inspiration and slowing to normal with expiration

9

define blood pressure

the force of the blood pushing against the side of its container, the vessel wall.

10

What is systolic pressure?

the maximum pressure felt on the artery during left ventricular contraction

11

What is diastolic pressure?

the elastic recoil or resttng, pressure that the blood exerts constatly between each contraction

12

What is pulse pressure?

the difference between the systolic and diastolic pressures and reflects the stroke volume

13

define mean arterial pressure (MAP)

the pressure forcing blood into the tissues averaged over the cardiac cycle

14

What factors that can influence blood pressure?

age, rage, weight, emotions, sex, diurnal rhythm, exercise, and stress

15

What are the physiologic factors controlling blood pressure

Cardiac output, peripheral vascular resistance, volume of circulating blood, viscosity, and elasticity of vessel walls