Cardiovascular disease and cancer review

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1

What are the six major risk factors for CVD that can be changed

Tobacco use

high blood pressure

cholesterol

physical inactivity

obesity

diabetes

2

Explain how two of these factors affect CVD

High cholesterol clogs arteries

High blood pressure puts too much pressure in walls

3

What is atherosclerosis and what causes it

Narrowing of vessels by plaque build up due to cholesterol

4

Name and explain 3 psychological and/or social factors for CVD

Stress

depression

anxiety

5

Name the four risk factors for CVD that can't be modified/changed

Hereditary

aging

male

ethnicity

6

What ethnic groups in the US are at greatest risk for hypertension

African Americans

7

What are the warning signs for a heart attack? For a stroke?

heart attack- Chest pain, difficulty breathing, excessive sweating, jaw/arm pain, nausea, vomiting, loss of consciousness

Stroke- Numbness, loss of speech/vision, dizziness, severe headache

8

What are the 4 things you should ask someone showing signs of a stroke

Smile

Talk

Raise hands

Stick tongue out

9

List four dietary changes a person can make to protect themselves against CVD

Omega 3

vitamin b-6 and b-12

protein

phytochemicals

10

Cancer

An uncontrollable and abnormal multiplication of cells

11

Malignant tumor

Mass of cells that is cancerous

12

Benign tumor

Mass of cells that is cancerous

13

Metastasis

Spreading of cancer cells

14

Encapsulated

Doesn't move

15

Which cancer is the leading in new cases for women and men

Men- prostate

Women- Breast

16

Which cancer is leading in deaths for men and women

Lung

17

Carcinoma

Cancer arising in the epithelial tissue of skin or the lining of internal organs-most common

18

Melanoma

Cancer of the skin-most deadly

19

Sarcoma

Malignant tumor of connective or other nonepithelial tissue

20

Lymphoma

Cancer of lymph nodes

21

Leukemia

Bone marrow/other blood forming organs produce increased numbers of immature or abnormal leukocytes

22

Name five risk factors for cancer

Tobacco

Sun exposure

poor diet

hereditary

chemicals

23

Explain five ways to prevent cancer

Good dietary decisions

Exercise regularly

Avoid sun

Don't smoke cigs

Maintain body weight

24

What are the four chambers of the heart

Left and right atrium and the left and right ventricles

25

What is the largest artery of the heart

The aorta

26

What is an SA node

The hearts natural pacemaker

27

What is an arrhythmia

This is an irregular heartbeat

28

What is a carcinogen

A cancer causing substance

29

What is the most dangerous form of skin cancer and who is at most risk for developing it

Melanoma and caucasians

30

How does smoking increases your risk for CVD

It increases blood pressure, decreases exercise tolerance, and increases tendency for blood to clot

31

What is angina and what are symptoms

Severe chest pain caused by reduced blood flow to the heart. Squeezing, pressure, heaviness, tightness, or pain in chest

32

What infection puts women at risk for cervical cancer

HPV infections