Mental Status Assessment

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created 5 years ago by Rachel_Escosia
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1

Define Mental Status

A person's emotional and cognitive functioning

2

Define Mental Disorder

Significant behavioral and psychological patterns associated with:

  • distress- a painful symptom
  • disability- impaired functioning
  • significant risk of pain, disability, or death or loss of freedom
3

Define Psychiatric Mental Illnesses

organic etiology has not yet been established, e.g., anxiety disorder or schizophrenia

4

Define Organic Disorder

due to brain disease of known specific organic cause, e.g., delirium, dementia, alcohol and drug intoxication and withdrawal

5

What is the purpose of a Mental Status Assessment

documents a dysfunction and determines how that dysfunction affects self-care in everyday life

6

Define Aphasia

impairment of language ability secondary to brain damage

7

When is a full mental status examination necessary?

  • Patient whose initial screening suggests an anxiety disorder or depression
  • Behavioral changes, such as memory loss, imappropriate social interaction
  • Aphasia- impairment of language ability secondary to brain damage
  • Symptoms of psychiatric mental illness, especially with acute onset
8

What are the 4 components of the Mental Status Examination

  1. Appearance
  2. Behaviour
  3. Cognition
  4. Thought processes
9

When is a full mental status examination necessary?

  • patients whose initial screening suggests anxiety disorder/depression
  • behavioral changes such as memory loss, inappropriate social interaction
  • brain lesions
  • aphasia
  • symptoms of psychiatric mental illness, especially with acute onset