Nutrition Final pt 2
There are 4 factors that affect the survival and reproduction of microorganisms in food. Name all 4
temperature, assiduity, oxygen, humidity
There are 4 food safety practices to follow at home to prevent foodborne illness. What are they?
clean, cook, chill, separate
What is the term the FDA uses to describe additives that are assumed to be safe for public consumption?
generally recognized as safe (GRAS)
This is the governmental agency responsible for overseeing the production of meat, poultry and eggs.
This is the most deadly bacterial foodborne illness
Organic foods are grown without irradiation, synthetic pesticides or __________.
This is considered the temperature danger zone.
This agency regulates food labeling.
What governmental agency is responsible for regulating water safety standards?
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
This is a common foodborne infection commonly referred to as the stomach flu
True or false? Breastmilk is a good source of iron
Name one way the MyPlate for older adults differs from the MyPlate for the general population.
fats & oils, physical activity
How many cups of daily dairy are recommended for a 3 year old?
Name 2 of the physiological changes that happen to the bodies of older adults with nutrition implications.
loss of bone mass and lose of taste and sight
What water-soluble vitamins are typically lacking in a toddler’s vegan diet?
The need for this micronutrient is higher for adolescent females than males.
This hormone is responsible for milk let-down during breastfeeding.
This is the term for pregnancy-induced hypertension
An additional ________ kcal/day is recommended for pregnant women during the 2nd and 3rd trimesters.
Low birth weight describes any baby weighing less than ________.
Body fluid composition of tissue varies due to 3 factors. Name all 3.
tissue type, age, gender
This electrolyte is the major intracellular negatively charged ion.
This condition often occurs with prolonged ingestion of diuretics.
______ and ________ are the predominate electrolytes in extracellular fluid.
sodium & chloride
Sensible water loss occurs through 2 primary processes. Name both.
urination and sweating
Drinking too much water can result in a dilution of sodium. What is this called?
There are 2 types of fluid in the body. 2/3 of the body fluid is _________ and the remaining is _______.
intracellular and extracellular
Adequate intake of which electrolyte is associated with lowered blood pressure?
This is considered the most severe of the heat illnesses.
True or false? Low blood chloride levels are common among the general population.
___________ cause damage to cell membranes and are associated with many chronic diseases. They are also a by-product of normal metabolism.
This is the disease most commonly associated with vitamin C deficiency.
_______ is our primary dietary source of vitamin D.
This is the most common micronutrient deficiency worldwide.
Blood clotting is one of the primary functions of this fat-soluble vitamin.
This trace mineral is critical for the synthesis of thyroid hormones. We often meet our needs through salt intake.
There are _____ major minerals and _____ trace minerals.
7 & 8
There are 3 active forms of this fat-soluble vitamin. Collectively referred to as retinoids.
Describe the primary difference between vitamins and minerals.
minerals maintain their structure no matter what
What is the gold standard method to assess bone health?
True or false? Phospholipids are not required in our diet.
Proteins lose their shape when subjected to certain environments. This is known as what?
This is the primary storage site for fat in the body.
Fatty acids differ in 3 ways. Name all 3.
shape, saturation, and chain length
Omega-3 fatty acids have been shown to be beneficial for heart health. Name a good source.
fish, canola oil, leafy greens
This hormone is produced in response to low blood glucose and stimulates the breakdown of glycogen to glucose.
Monosaccharides glucose and fructose make which disaccharide?
_________ are the transport vehicles that remove absorbed fats from the small intestine.
There are _____ essential amino acids.
The process of combining 2 incomplete proteins to make a complete protein is called what?