What are the 6 essential nutrients?
carbs, fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals, water
What is the difference between a serving size and a portion size?
serving size:what you are served
portion size: what is recommended
How many calories are provided by each gram of carbohydrate, fat and protein?
4, 9, 4 (in order)
There are 2 components of wellness. What are these components?
nutrition and physical activity
The _______ is the highest average daily intake of a nutrient that is not likely to have adverse effects.
tolerable upper intake level (UL)
Proteins contain the element ____________, which is not found in other macronutrients.
What is the leading cause of death in the United States?
_________ is the primary dietary fat found in the Mediterranean Diet.
Calories that provide few or no nutrients are considered ____________.
There are 4 components of a healthful diet. Name all 4 components.
moderate, variety, adequate, balanced
Name the 4 components of the FITT principle.
frequency, intensity, time, type
True or false? Aerobic exercise produces more ATP than anaerobic exercise.
During high-intensity exercise, your body primarily uses _________ as fuel.
___________________ are the name for substances used to improve athletic performance.
What is the recommendation in g/kg for amount of daily protein for high-intensity athletes?
This is the name for the body’s storage form of glucose.
This is the name for the common currency for energy in the body.
What is the primary disadvantage of using fat as fuel?
What is the AMDR for carbohydrates for athletes?
What is the AMDR for fats for athletes?
What is the name for the physiologic drive to eat that occurs when our body senses that we need food?
Celiac disease damages these finger-like projections in the small intestine’s lining.
Water-soluble nutrients are transported via the _________ to the liver after digestion.
blood stream/ portal vein
This accessory organ is responsible for producing many digestive enzymes.
What enzyme begins the chemical breakdown of carbohydrates?
enzyme salivary amylase
Name the 3 sections of the small intestine.
duodenum, jejunum, ileum
This is the name for the hormone that stimulates hunger.
Cell membranes are __________ , meaning they allow the passage of materials in and out of a cell.
The liver produces ___________, which is responsible for emulsifying fats.
What is the name for muscular contractions that move food through the GI tract?
There are 3 components of energy expenditure. Name all 3.
thermic affect of food, physical activity, basal metric rate
The thermic effect of food is the highest for ____________.
Female athlete triad is a combination of 3 clinical conditions. Name these conditions.
low energy, bone mass, menstruation
Provide one method for measuring body composition.
Which eating disorder effects approximately 8% of the obese population?
_____________ is a general term describing abnormal eating behaviors. Typically does not make a person seriously ill.
__________ is the most common psychiatric disorder among adolescent women.
________-shaped fat patterning is associated with increased risk for chronic diseases.
Which weight loss surgery involves stapling off a portion of the stomach?
BMI = ?
wight in kilograms/ meters squared
Where electrolytes go, water will follow. This principle is called what?
What is the name for the production of glucose from the breakdown of proteins?
This is a form of malnutrition characterized by edema (swelling), wasting and other signs of protein deficiency.
_______ is an illness that results from eating food in which toxins have been secreted.
_______ is the name for a group of cells acting together to perform a common function.
This is a Vitamin D deficiency disease in children. Signs include bowed legs and knocked knees.
______ is the term for craving a non-food item.
What is the first fluid made and secreted by the breasts after delivery of the infant called? Referred to as liquid gold.
This is a hormone secreted by the pancreas in response to elevated blood glucose levels.
This is the name for a desire to eat stimulated by external factors