Nutrition Final

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created 3 years ago by paulinapollas
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updated 3 years ago by paulinapollas
Grade levels:
College: First year
Subjects:
nutrition
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1

What are the 6 essential nutrients?

carbs, fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals, water

2

What is the difference between a serving size and a portion size?

serving size:what you are served

portion size: what is recommended

3

How many calories are provided by each gram of carbohydrate, fat and protein?

4, 9, 4 (in order)

4

There are 2 components of wellness. What are these components?

nutrition and physical activity

5

The _______ is the highest average daily intake of a nutrient that is not likely to have adverse effects.

tolerable upper intake level (UL)

6

Proteins contain the element ____________, which is not found in other macronutrients.

nitrogen

7

What is the leading cause of death in the United States?

heart disease

8

_________ is the primary dietary fat found in the Mediterranean Diet.

olive oil

9

Calories that provide few or no nutrients are considered ____________.

empty calories

10

There are 4 components of a healthful diet. Name all 4 components.

moderate, variety, adequate, balanced

11

Name the 4 components of the FITT principle.

frequency, intensity, time, type

12

True or false? Aerobic exercise produces more ATP than anaerobic exercise.

true

13

During high-intensity exercise, your body primarily uses _________ as fuel.

carbs

14

___________________ are the name for substances used to improve athletic performance.

aerogenic aids

15

What is the recommendation in g/kg for amount of daily protein for high-intensity athletes?

1.8-2 g/kg

16

This is the name for the body’s storage form of glucose.

glycogen

17

This is the name for the common currency for energy in the body.

ATP

18

What is the primary disadvantage of using fat as fuel?

slow process

19

What is the AMDR for carbohydrates for athletes?

45-65

20

What is the AMDR for fats for athletes?

45-65

21

What is the name for the physiologic drive to eat that occurs when our body senses that we need food?

hunger

22

Celiac disease damages these finger-like projections in the small intestine’s lining.

villa

23

Water-soluble nutrients are transported via the _________ to the liver after digestion.

blood stream/ portal vein

24

This accessory organ is responsible for producing many digestive enzymes.

pancreas

25

What enzyme begins the chemical breakdown of carbohydrates?

enzyme salivary amylase

26

Name the 3 sections of the small intestine.

duodenum, jejunum, ileum

27

This is the name for the hormone that stimulates hunger.

grillen

28

Cell membranes are __________ , meaning they allow the passage of materials in and out of a cell.

selectively permeable

29

The liver produces ___________, which is responsible for emulsifying fats.

vile

30

What is the name for muscular contractions that move food through the GI tract?

parisolesis

31

There are 3 components of energy expenditure. Name all 3.

thermic affect of food, physical activity, basal metric rate

32

The thermic effect of food is the highest for ____________.

protein

33

Female athlete triad is a combination of 3 clinical conditions. Name these conditions.

low energy, bone mass, menstruation

34

Provide one method for measuring body composition.

bod com

35

Which eating disorder effects approximately 8% of the obese population?

binge eating

36

_____________ is a general term describing abnormal eating behaviors. Typically does not make a person seriously ill.

disordered eating

37

__________ is the most common psychiatric disorder among adolescent women.

anorexia

38

________-shaped fat patterning is associated with increased risk for chronic diseases.

apple

39

Which weight loss surgery involves stapling off a portion of the stomach?

sleeve gastrictimy

40

BMI = ?

wight in kilograms/ meters squared

41

Where electrolytes go, water will follow. This principle is called what?

osmosis

42

What is the name for the production of glucose from the breakdown of proteins?

gluconeogenesis

43

This is a form of malnutrition characterized by edema (swelling), wasting and other signs of protein deficiency.

kwashiorkor

44

_______ is an illness that results from eating food in which toxins have been secreted.

food intoxicity

45

_______ is the name for a group of cells acting together to perform a common function.

tissue

46

This is a Vitamin D deficiency disease in children. Signs include bowed legs and knocked knees.

Osteomalacia

47

______ is the term for craving a non-food item.

pica

48

What is the first fluid made and secreted by the breasts after delivery of the infant called? Referred to as liquid gold.

colostrum

49

This is a hormone secreted by the pancreas in response to elevated blood glucose levels.

insulin

50

This is the name for a desire to eat stimulated by external factors

appetite