Exercise 7: The Integumentary System

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1

The two basic tissues of which the skin is composed are dense irregular connective tissue, which makes up the dermis, and _______, which forms the epidermis.

Stratified Squamous

2

The tough water-repellent protein found in the epidermal cells is called_______.

Keratin

3

The pigments melanin and _______ contribute to skin color.

Carotene

4

A localized concentration of melanin is referred to as a ________.

Freckles

5

Four protective functions of the skin are

a. Prevents desiccation

b. Prevents bacterial invasion

c. Protects against thermal damage

d. Protects against UV radiation