movement anatomy final
know the planes of motion that major movements at the joints are in
elevation, depression, adduction(retraction), abduction (protation), upward rotation, downward rotation.
The head of the radius is maintained by what ligament?
What are the three main elbow flexors? what position are they each strongest?
1) bicep brachii- strongest in full supination with elbow flexion
2) brachialis-strongest for elbow flexion pronation
3)Brachioradialis- strongest in neutral sup/ pro
which elbow flexor is attached to the unla and what is it also known as?
Brachialis- also known as "true elbow flexor"
Name proximal carpal bones in order(radial-ulna)
-Scaphiod, lunate, triquetrum, pisiform
name distal carpal bones in order (radial-ulna)
Trapezium, Trapeziod, capitate, hamate
what terminology would you expect to see when referencing the pinky finger?
What key word in a muscle name would you see when that muscle is moving the thumb?
List the two joint muscles in the lower extremity and know their primary actions at both joints.
1) rectus femoris- flexion of hip/ extension of the knee/ anterior pelvic tilt.
2) Sartorius- flexion of the hip/ flexion of the knee/ Er of the thigh as it flexes the hip and knee/ abduction of the hip/ anterior pelvic rotation
3) Gracilis- hip adduction/ knee flexion
4) Bicep femoris- hip extension/ knee flexion/ hip and knee external rotation
5) semitendinous- hip extension/knee flexion/ hip and knee internal rotation
6)semimembranosus- hip extension/ kneee flexion/ hip and knee internal rotation
7) tensor fascia latea- hip abduction/ doesnt have action at the knee
what movement does the anterior group muscle do?
what movement does the medial group muscle do?
what movement does the posterior group muscle do?
what movement does the lateral group muscle do?
what movement does the deep posterior group muscle do?
hip external rotation
What three muscles are known as the hamstrings?
1) bicep femoris
What do bicep femoris, semitendinosus, and semimembranosus have in common?
all three of them do hip extension and knee flexion
stronger in hip extension w/ knee straight
what is the difference between bicep femoris vs semitendinosus, and semimembranosus?
Bicep femoris: hip and knee external rotation
Semitendinosus semimembranosus: hip and knee internal rotation
Name the 4 quadriceps and which are 2 joint muscles?
1) RECTUS FEMORIS
2) VASTUS LATERALIS
3) VASTUS INTERMEDIUS
4) VASTUS MEDIALIS
Which menisci of the knee is most often injured?
which menisci of the knee is larger of the two?
which menisci of the knee is attached to the collateral ligament on the same side?
which ligament of the knee cross internal in the knee?
which ligament of the knee provide anterior/posterior stability?
which ligaments of the most are more commonly injured?
Which ligaments of the knee provide medial/ lateral stability?
which ligament of the knee is most often injured in contact?
which ligament of the knee is most often injured in planting and cutting?
What is the main nerve supply to the lower extremity?
What bones make up the talocrural joint and what motion happens there?
Distal tibia, fibula, talus
motion: hinge joint (mostly pantar flexion and dorsiflexion)
What bones make up the subtalar joint and what motion happens there?
talus and calcaneous
motion: eversion and inversion
what are the gastroncnemius and soleus called together?
List the 8 plantarflexors
3) tibalis posterior
4) flexor digitorium longus
5) flexor hallucis longus
6) peroneous longus
7) peroneous brevis
How many articulating verterbrae are there and how many are in each section of the spine?
how many vertebrae are in cervical?
how many vertebrae in thoracic?
how many vertebrae in the lumbar
Which curves are concave posteriorly and convex anteriorly?
Cervical and lumbar
Which are convex anteriorly and concave posteriorly?
How many pairs of ribs are there and how are they classified?
Total ribs: 12
true ribs: 7
false ribs: 5
floating ribs: 2
what are the names for C1 and C2 and what motions happen there?
C1: atlas- nodding
C2: axis- motion
What muscles do lateral trunk flexion to the ipsilateral side?
1) quadeuus lumborium
2) internal obliques
3) external obliques
4) exector spinae
5) rectus abdominis