movement anatomy final

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created 3 years ago by Erin_Hughes35
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1

know the planes of motion that major movements at the joints are in

elevation, depression, adduction(retraction), abduction (protation), upward rotation, downward rotation.

2

The head of the radius is maintained by what ligament?

Annular ligament

3

What are the three main elbow flexors? what position are they each strongest?

1) bicep brachii- strongest in full supination with elbow flexion

2) brachialis-strongest for elbow flexion pronation

3)Brachioradialis- strongest in neutral sup/ pro

4

which elbow flexor is attached to the unla and what is it also known as?

Brachialis- also known as "true elbow flexor"

5

Name proximal carpal bones in order(radial-ulna)

-Scaphiod, lunate, triquetrum, pisiform

6

name distal carpal bones in order (radial-ulna)

Trapezium, Trapeziod, capitate, hamate

7

what terminology would you expect to see when referencing the pinky finger?

5th digitimini

8

What key word in a muscle name would you see when that muscle is moving the thumb?

pollicis

9

List the two joint muscles in the lower extremity and know their primary actions at both joints.

1) rectus femoris- flexion of hip/ extension of the knee/ anterior pelvic tilt.

2) Sartorius- flexion of the hip/ flexion of the knee/ Er of the thigh as it flexes the hip and knee/ abduction of the hip/ anterior pelvic rotation

3) Gracilis- hip adduction/ knee flexion

4) Bicep femoris- hip extension/ knee flexion/ hip and knee external rotation

5) semitendinous- hip extension/knee flexion/ hip and knee internal rotation

6)semimembranosus- hip extension/ kneee flexion/ hip and knee internal rotation

7) tensor fascia latea- hip abduction/ doesnt have action at the knee

10

what movement does the anterior group muscle do?

hip flexion

11

what movement does the medial group muscle do?

hip adduction

12

what movement does the posterior group muscle do?

hip extension

13

what movement does the lateral group muscle do?

abduction

14

what movement does the deep posterior group muscle do?

hip external rotation

15

What three muscles are known as the hamstrings?

1) bicep femoris

2)semitendinosus

3) semimembranosus

16

What do bicep femoris, semitendinosus, and semimembranosus have in common?

all three of them do hip extension and knee flexion

stronger in hip extension w/ knee straight

17

what is the difference between bicep femoris vs semitendinosus, and semimembranosus?

Bicep femoris: hip and knee external rotation

Semitendinosus semimembranosus: hip and knee internal rotation

18

Name the 4 quadriceps and which are 2 joint muscles?

1) RECTUS FEMORIS

2) VASTUS LATERALIS

3) VASTUS INTERMEDIUS

4) VASTUS MEDIALIS

19

Which menisci of the knee is most often injured?

lateral

20

which menisci of the knee is larger of the two?

medial

21

which menisci of the knee is attached to the collateral ligament on the same side?

lateral

22

which ligament of the knee cross internal in the knee?

ACL/ PCL

23

which ligament of the knee provide anterior/posterior stability?

ACL/ PCL

24

which ligaments of the most are more commonly injured?

ACL/ MCL

25

Which ligaments of the knee provide medial/ lateral stability?

MCL/ LCL

26

which ligament of the knee is most often injured in contact?

PCL

27

which ligament of the knee is most often injured in planting and cutting?

ACL

28

What is the main nerve supply to the lower extremity?

Lumbosacral plexus

29

What bones make up the talocrural joint and what motion happens there?

Distal tibia, fibula, talus

motion: hinge joint (mostly pantar flexion and dorsiflexion)

30

What bones make up the subtalar joint and what motion happens there?

talus and calcaneous

motion: eversion and inversion

31

what are the gastroncnemius and soleus called together?

tricep surae

32

List the 8 plantarflexors

1) gastrocnemius

2) soleus

3) tibalis posterior

4) flexor digitorium longus

5) flexor hallucis longus

6) peroneous longus

7) peroneous brevis

8) plantaris

33

How many articulating verterbrae are there and how many are in each section of the spine?

24

34

how many vertebrae are in cervical?

7

35

how many vertebrae in thoracic?

12

36

how many vertebrae in the lumbar

5

37

Which curves are concave posteriorly and convex anteriorly?

Cervical and lumbar

38

Which are convex anteriorly and concave posteriorly?

Thoracic

39

How many pairs of ribs are there and how are they classified?

Total ribs: 12

true ribs: 7

false ribs: 5

floating ribs: 2

40

what are the names for C1 and C2 and what motions happen there?

C1: atlas- nodding

C2: axis- motion

41

What muscles do lateral trunk flexion to the ipsilateral side?

1) quadeuus lumborium

2) internal obliques

3) external obliques

4) exector spinae

5) rectus abdominis