Health Quiz

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created 5 years ago by alexoneil
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updated 3 years ago by alexoneil
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1

What is a pathogen

A disease causing microorganism

2

What is the body's first line of defense?

Skin

3

What occurs when someone is immunized?

Person is injected with a similar virus

4

What is unique about all viruses

They must have a living host

5

What is an example of the body suffering an attack on oneself?

Cancer

6

Which STDs are incurable and stay in the body forever?

HIV/AIDS, herpes, hepatitis

7

List the three means of transmission for HIV

Blood-to-blood

Sex

Mother to child

8

What does it mean to be HIV + asymptomatic

A person will test positive for HIV but may not show any symptoms

9

What does HIV stand for

Human immunodeficiency disease

10

What does AIDS stand for

Acquired immunodeficiency disease

11

Early in history, what was AIDS known as?

GRID or gay related immune disorder

12

List two different medications used to treat aids

ART, AZT

13

Explain 3 different testing procedures used to test for HIV

Orasure, western blot, ELISA

14

What are prions?

An infectious protein

15

What is a disease from prions?

SJD

16

What are two ways to keep yourself safe from contracting HIV

Abstinence, limit sexual partners, get tested

17

Where in DuPage county can you go to get tested for HIV for free?

111 North County Farm Road, Wheaton

18

1st phase of an immune response

Viruses invade body through portal of entry. Macrophages recognize antigen and copy information for helper T cells to respond to

19

2nd phase of an immune response

Helper T cells trigger production of killer T and B cells

20

3rd phase of an immune response

Killer T cells and natural killer cells destroy infected body cells

21

4th phase of an immune response

Suppressor T cells halt immune response. Memory B and T cells are reserved so a quick response can be mounted for future invasions

22

Name three diseases that are bacterial

Lyme, tuberculosis, chlamydia

23

Name three diseases that are viral

Chicken pox, common cold, and herpes

24

What is a reservoir

The natural environment for a pathogen

25

What is a means of transmission

The way that a pathogen is traveling to another host

26

What is a portal of entry

Where a microorganism enters the host

27

What is a portal of exit

Where a microorganism leaves the host

28

What is a new host

A new host is the new thing hosting the pathogen