Connect Core Concepts in Health Brief Loose Leaf Edition: Health Quiz Flashcards
What is a pathogen
A disease causing microorganism
What is the body's first line of defense?
What occurs when someone is immunized?
Person is injected with a similar virus
What is unique about all viruses
They must have a living host
What is an example of the body suffering an attack on oneself?
Which STDs are incurable and stay in the body forever?
HIV/AIDS, herpes, hepatitis
List the three means of transmission for HIV
Mother to child
What does it mean to be HIV + asymptomatic
A person will test positive for HIV but may not show any symptoms
What does HIV stand for
Human immunodeficiency disease
What does AIDS stand for
Acquired immunodeficiency disease
Early in history, what was AIDS known as?
GRID or gay related immune disorder
List two different medications used to treat aids
Explain 3 different testing procedures used to test for HIV
Orasure, western blot, ELISA
What are prions?
An infectious protein
What is a disease from prions?
What are two ways to keep yourself safe from contracting HIV
Abstinence, limit sexual partners, get tested
Where in DuPage county can you go to get tested for HIV for free?
111 North County Farm Road, Wheaton
1st phase of an immune response
Viruses invade body through portal of entry. Macrophages recognize antigen and copy information for helper T cells to respond to
2nd phase of an immune response
Helper T cells trigger production of killer T and B cells
3rd phase of an immune response
Killer T cells and natural killer cells destroy infected body cells
4th phase of an immune response
Suppressor T cells halt immune response. Memory B and T cells are reserved so a quick response can be mounted for future invasions
Name three diseases that are bacterial
Lyme, tuberculosis, chlamydia
Name three diseases that are viral
Chicken pox, common cold, and herpes
What is a reservoir
The natural environment for a pathogen
What is a means of transmission
The way that a pathogen is traveling to another host
What is a portal of entry
Where a microorganism enters the host
What is a portal of exit
Where a microorganism leaves the host
What is a new host
A new host is the new thing hosting the pathogen