A&P Practice Questions Final Chapter28 Flashcards


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1

In the female fetus, the absence of testosterone results in the development of the external genitalia into clitoris, labia minora, and labia majora. 


  1. True
  2. False

A

2

The uterus is a thick muscular chamber inferior to the urinary bladder. 


  1. True
  2. False

B

3

The vagina has no glands but it is moistened by mucus from glands in the cervical canal. 


  1. True
  2. False

A

4

Although two breast cancer genes are known, most cases are nonhereditary. 


  1. True
  2. False

A

5

Inhibin modulates the secretion of LH. 


  1. True
  2. False

B

6

The number of ovarian follicles declines with age, leading to a reduction of estrogen levels. 


  1. True
  2. False

A

7

The ovarian cycle typically lasts about 28 days, with day 1 considered to be the first day after ovulation. 


  1. True
  2. False

B

8

Most primary oocytes undergo atresia during climacteric. 


  1. True
  2. False

B

9

The proliferative phase of the uterus is driven by estrogen from the ovaries. 


  1. True
  2. False

A

10

In the excitement phase, the uterus rises from its forward-tilted (anteverted) position. 


  1. True
  2. False

A

11

Unlike men, women lack a refractory period and may experience successive orgasms. 


  1. True
  2. False

A

12

Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) stimulates the corpus luteum to grow and secrete estrogen and progesterone. 


  1. True
  2. False

A

13

Progesterone stimulates uterine contractions.

  1. True
  2. False

B

14

Prolactin is secreted during pregnancy to stimulate milk synthesis so that milk will be available by the time the infant is born. 


  1. True
  2. False

B

15

Oxytocin stimulates contraction of myoepithelial cell of the mammary acini. 


  1. True
  2. False

A

16

Which of the following is a part of the internal female genitalia?

  1. Vagina
  2. Clitoris
  3. Labia majora
  4. Labia minora
  5. Mammary gland

A

17

In which structure does fertilization usually occur?

  1. Urethra
  2. Uterus
  3. Ovary
  4. Urinary bladder

  5. Uterine tube

E

18

Which of the following structures is composed of a theca folliculi, granulosa cells, a zona pellucida, and a secondary oocyte?

  1. Primary follicle

  2. Secondary follicle
  3. Tertiary follicle
  4. Corpus luteum
  5. Corpus albicans

B

19

What structure leads from each ovary to the uterus? 


  1. Uterine tube
  2. Vagina
  3. Urethra
  4. Vas deferens
  5. Copulatory duct

A

20

Which uterine layer is composed of a simple columnar epithelium containing tubular glands?

  1. Fimbrium
  2. Myometrium 

  3. Endometrium
  4. Cervix
  5. Perimetrium

C

21

Which of the following is not a component of the vulva?

  1. Vaginal orifice
  2. Mons pubis
  3. Clitoris

  4. Cervix
  5. Labia minora

D

22

In the premenstrual phase of the menstrual cycle, which arteries rhythmically constrict and dilate causing endometrial ischemia?

  1. Uterine
  2. Arcuate 

  3. Spiral
  4. Internal iliac
  5. Ovarian

C

23

After puberty, which epithelium lines the vagina?

  1. Simple squamous epithelium
  2. Stratified squamous epithelium
  3. Transitional epithelium
  4. Simple columnar epithelium
  5. Simple cuboidal epithelium

B

24

Where does an embryo usually attach to its mother? 


  1. To the endometrium
  2. To the perimetrium
  3. To the myometrium
  4. To the lining of the uterine tube
  5. To the lining of the vagina

A

25

What provides most of the natural lubrication during female sexual excitement?

  1. Seminiferous tubules
  2. Vaginal mucosa
  3. Vestibular bulbs 

  4. Greater vestibular glands
  5. Lesser vestibular glands

D

26

The nonpregnant uterine wall consists mostly of __________.

  1. perimetrium
  2. endometrium
  3. dense regular connective tissue
  4. dense irregular connective tissue 

  5. myometrium

E

27

Which of these is not found in the vestibule?

  1. Urinary orifice 

  2. Mons pubis
  3. Vaginal orifice
  4. Labia minora
  5. Clitoris

B

28

__________ are found in both male and female external genitalia, but the ___________ is/are only found in the female.

  1. Corpora cavernosa; urethral orifice
  2. Corpora cavernosa; bulbourethral glands 

  3. Corpora cavernosa; vestibular bulbs
  4. Corpus spongiosum; mons pubis
  5. Corpus spongiosum; urethral orifice

C

29

When do mammary glands primarily develop within the breasts?

  1. During the last weeks of fetal development
  2. At birth
  3. During infancy
  4. During puberty 

  5. During pregnancy

E

30

What determines breast size? 


  1. The amount of adipose tissue
  2. The amount of collagenous fiber
  3. The size of lactiferous sinuses
  4. The amount of mammary gland tissue 
E. Muscle tone

A

31

Where are follicles located?

  1. Medulla of the ovary 

  2. Cortex of the ovary
  3. Center of the ovum
  4. Epithelium of the endometrium
  5. Epithelium of the placenta

B

32

What is the earliest sign of puberty in girls?

  1. The onset of breast development
  2. The appearance of pubic and axillary hair
  3. The appearance of sebaceous and axillary glands
  4. The first menstrual period
  5. The increase in muscle mass

A

33

Which of the following is considered a "feminizing hormone"?

  1. Female gonadotropin-releasing hormone
  2. Follicle-stimulating hormone
  3. Androgen
  4. Androgen and progesterone 

  5. Estrogen

E

34

Which hormone acts primarily on the uterus?

  1. Estrogen
  2. Androgen
  3. Progesterone
  4. Follicle-stimulating hormone
  5. Luteinizing hormone

C

35

The appearance of pubic and axillary hair is characteristic of which stage of puberty?

  1. Menopause
  2. Climacteric
  3. Thelarche 

  4. Pubarche
  5. Menarche

D

36

What is the midlife change in estrogen and progesterone levels referred to as? 


  1. Climacteric
  2. Menopause
  3. Atresia
  4. Menarche
  5. Pubarche

A

37

What is the cessation of menstruation referred to as?

  1. Menarche

  2. Menopause
  3. Climacteric
  4. Pubarche

B

38

During climacteric, what can cause hot flashes?

  1. Vasoconstriction of cutaneous arteries 

  2. Vasodilation of cutaneous arteries
  3. Vasodilation of cranial arteries
  4. Vasoconstriction of cranial arteries
  5. Vasodilation of facial arteries

B

39

What does the term "menstrual cycle" specifically refer to?

  1. The sequence of events from fertilization to giving birth
  2. The events that recur every month during pregnancy
  3. The cyclic events happening from puberty to menopause 

  4. The cyclic changes in the uterus determined by shifting hormonal changes
  5. The cyclic changes in the ovaries determined by shifting hormonal changes

D

40

What is an ovulated egg more technically referred to as?

  1. A primary oocyte 

  2. A secondary oocyte
  3. A primary follicle
  4. A secondary follicle
  5. A tertiary follicle

B

41

Which stage of meiosis is an ovulated egg in?

  1. Prophase I
  2. Metaphase I
  3. Telophase I
  4. Prophase II 

  5. Metaphase II

E

42

When does an ovum finish meiosis? 


  1. During fertilization
  2. During implantation
  3. While in a secondary follicle
  4. While in a primary follicle
  5. While in a tertiary follicle

A

43

Most ovulation home test kits measure a surge of which hormone?

  1. FSH 

  2. LH
  3. Estradiol
  4. Progesterone
  5. HCG

B

44

In ovulation, after expelling the oocyte the follicle becomes a __________ and secretes __________.

  1. corpus albicans; FSH and LH
  2. corpus albicans; estrogen and progesterone
  3. corpus luteum; FSH and LH 

  4. corpus luteum; estrogen and progesterone
  5. corpus albicans; progesterone

D

45

What is a follicle composed of?

  1. An organ in the ovary
  2. An oocyte 

  3. An oocyte enclosed in follicular or granulosa cells
  4. A group of granulosa cells
  5. A group of follicular cells

C

46

Which follicle stage is characterized by the development of a corona radiata?

  1. Primary
  2. Secondary 

  3. Tertiary
  4. Graafian

C

47

When does oogenesis begin? 


  1. During embryonic development
  2. At birth
  3. During thelarche
  4. During pubarche
  5. During menarche

A

48

In the adult ovary, more than 90% of the follicles are found as __________.

  1. Primary follicles
  2. Secondary follicles
  3. Tertiary follicles
  4. Graafian follicles 

  5. Primordial follicles

E

49

During the follicular phase, granulosa cells secrete __________, which stimulates secretion of __________. 


  1. estradiol; LH
  2. estradiol; FSH
  3. estradiol; GnRH
  4. progesterone; FSH
  5. progesterone; LH

A

50

Which of these blood hormone levels reaches its maximum during the luteal phase?

  1. GnRH
  2. FSH
  3. LH 

  4. Progesterone
  5. Estradiol

D

51

What hormone(s) inhibit(s) the secretion of FSH and LH during the female sexual cycle?

  1. GnRH 

  2. Estradiol and progesterone
  3. Estradiol
  4. Progesterone
  5. Androgens

B

52

What do lutein cells develop from?

  1. The corona radiata
  2. The corpus luteum 

  3. The theca interna
  4. The granulosa cells
  5. The corpus albicans

C

53

Which phase of the menstrual cycle is the one associated with menstrual cramps?

  1. Proliferative
  2. Secretory
  3. Follicular 

  4. Premenstrual
  5. Luteal

D

54

Which of the following occurs during the proliferative phase of the menstrual cycle? 


  1. Several follicles are developing an antrum
  2. The corpus luteum is shrinking
  3. The corpus luteum is enlarging
  4. Oogonia are transforming into primary oocytes
  5. The oocyte completes meiosis II

A

55

The __________ sometimes expels copious fluid similar to prostatic fluid, which constitutes the female ejaculate.

  1. prostate gland 

  2. paraurethral glands
  3. bulbourethral glands
  4. vestibular bulb
  5. vaginal epithelium

B

56

During the plateau phase of the sexual response, the glans and clitoris swell as the deep arteries dilate and the __________ engorge with blood.

  1. uterine walls
  2. vaginal walls 

  3. corpora cavernosa
  4. corpus spongiosum
  5. vestibular glands

C

57

During __________, the uterus is tented (erected) and the cervix is withdrawn from the vagina. Typically, the clitoris is engorged and the labia are bright red to violet due to hyperemia.

  1. excitement
  2. detumescence
  3. orgasm
  4. resolution
  5. pregnancy

A

58

In early pregnancy, what hormone stimulates growth of the corpus luteum? 


  1. Human chorionic gonadotropin
  2. Follicle-stimulating hormone
  3. Human chorionic somatomammotropin
  4. Adrenocorticotropic hormone
  5. Progesterone

A

59

Pregnancy kits test for the presence of what hormone?

  1. Progesterone

  2. Human chorionic gonadotropin
  3. Estrogen
  4. Leutinizing hormone
  5. Follicle-stimulating hormone

B

60

Contraceptive pills mimic the ___________ feedback effect of ___________.

  1. positive; FSH and LH
  2. positive; estrogens and progesterone
  3. negative; FSH and LH
  4. negative; human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) 

  5. negative; estrogens and progesterone

E

61

Between weeks 3 and 8 of development, a developing individual is considered a __________.

  1. trophoblast
  2. zygote
  3. blastocyst

  4. embryo
  5. fetus

D

62

Which form of estrogen is the most potent in pregnancy?

  1. Estriol
  2. Estrone 

  3. Estradiol
  4. Androstenedione
  5. Equilinin

C

63

Which of the following provides fetal nutrition and secretes hormones that regulate pregnancy and fetal development?

  1. The uterus
  2. The myometrium
  3. The endometrium
  4. The blastocyst 

  5. The placenta

E

64

What is the longest stage of labor? 


  1. The dilation stage
  2. The expulsion stage
  3. The placental stage
  4. The postpartum stage
  5. The puerperium stage

A

65

Milk ejection occurs as a result of stimulation of nerve endings in the ___________, which leads to the release of ___________ from the pituitary.

  1. mammary acini; oxytocin
  2. mammary acini; prolactin 

  3. nipple and areola; oxytocin
  4. nipple and areola; prolactin
  5. nipple and areola; progesterone

C

66

Why is breast milk superior to cow's milk for an infant?

  1. Cow's milk provides fewer calories per mL.
  2. Cow's milk provides less calcium per mL.
  3. Cow's milk provides less phosphorous per mL. 

  4. Cow's milk has too much protein and minerals in it.
  5. It is a myth; cow's milk is equal in quality to breast milk.

D

67

What is the infant's only source of nutrition during the first 2-3 days postpartum?

  1. Casein 

  2. Colostrum
  3. Lactose
  4. Meconium
  5. Fructose

B

68

The medial pole of the ovary is attached to the uterus by which ligament?

  1. Suspensory ligament 

  2. Ovarian ligament
  3. Mesovarium
  4. Broad ligament

B

69

The anterior margin of the ovary is anchored by a peritoneal fold called the __________.

  1. broad ligament
  2. ovarian ligament
  3. suspensory ligament

  4. mesovarium

D

70

The ovary receives blood from which artery/arteries?

  1. Ovarian
  2. Uterine

  3. Ovarian and uterine
  4. Broad
  5. Ovarian and broad

C

71

During climacteric, women secrete __________. 


  1. less estrogen and progesterone
  2. more estrogen and progesterone
  3. less estrogen and more progesterone
  4. more estrogen and less progesterone

A

72

Which of the following is true of the female sexual response? 


  1. Women do not have a refractory period and may quickly experience additional orgasms.
  2. The engorged clitoris can swing upward away from the body like the penis.
  3. The vagina has a high concentration of sensory nerve endings.
  4. The uterus tilts forward over the urinary bladder during excitement.

A

73

Why do pregnant women often have heartburn?

  1. The mother's body is purging itself of toxins to protect the fetus.
  2. Elevated levels of estrogens cause morning sickness.
  3. There is reduced intestinal motility.

  4. As the uterus enlarges it pushes upward on the stomach, causing gastric reflux.

D

74

Women with morning sickness tend to prefer spicy and pungent foods. 


  1. True
  2. False

B

75

"False labor" is a result of what type of contractions?

  1. Graafian
  2. Masters Johnson 

  3. Braxton Hicks
  4. Skene

C

76

When an infant suckles at its mother's breast, milk moves through the breast structures in what order? 


  1. Acinus - lactiferous duct - lactiferous sinus - nipple
  2. Lactiferous duct - acinus - lactiferous sinus - nipple
  3. Lactiferous sinus - lactiferous duct - acinus - nipple
  4. Lactiferous sinus - acinus - lactiferous duct - nipple

A

77

How is colostrum different than breast milk?

  1. It has one-third less protein.
  2. It has one-third less lactose.

  3. It has one-third less fat.
  4. It has one-third the number of immunoglobulins.

C

78

Which of the following is not a benefit of breast feeding?

  1. It is more easily digested and absorbed than cow's milk.
  2. It helps clear meconium from the baby's intestine.
  3. It reduces the incidence of jaundice in neonates.

  4. It prevents colonization of the neonatal intestine with beneficial bacteria.

D