Activity 2: Locating Arteries on an Anatomical Chart or Model and Major Systemic Arteries of the Body
What is the largest artery of the body?
The aorta has how many regions?
What are the 3 regions of the aorta?
1. Ascending aorta
2. Aortic arch
3. Descending aorta
The part of the aorta extending from the left ventricle is called what?
The ascending aorta from the left ventricle arches posteriorly and to the left as what?
The aortic arch then courses downwards as what?
The descending aorta passes through which cavity first?
The descending aorta is called the thoracic aorta in what thoracic vertebra range?
The descending aorta also penetrates what major organ to enter the abdominal cavity?
As the descending aorta enter the abdominal cavity, it is now known as what?
What is the first branching of the aortic arch?
What are the other 2 major arteries branching off the aortic arch?
1. Left common carotid artery
2. Left subclavian artery
The brachiocephalic trunk then divides into what 2 arteries?
1. Right common carotid artery
2. Right subclavian artery
The common carotid artery on the left and right side of the body then divides to form what 2 arteries?
1. Internal carotid artery
2. External carotid artery
The internal carotid artery serves what organ?
The external carotid artery supplies what tissues?
External skull tissues
The right and left subclavian arteries also branch to form what first artery?
The vertebral artery supplies what 2 parts of the brain?
2. Parts of the brain stem
What artery runs through the axilla?
The axillary artery becomes what artery as it enters the arm?
At the elbow, the brachial artery divides into what 2 arteries?
1. Radial artery
2. Ulnar artery
The radial and ulnar arteries supply which 2 body parts?
Which 2 arteries supply the hands?
1. Deep palmar arch
2. Superficial palmar arch
What is the superior portion of the descending aorta?
When does the thoracic aorta begin and end?
Begins when the aortic arch ends, and terminates just as the thoracic aorta pierces the diaphragm
Small branches of the abdominal aorta serve what body part?
The major branches of the descending aorta serve what organs and limbs?
Abdominal organs and lower limbs
Most branches of the abdominal aorta serve which organs?
The right and left common iliac arteries branch into what 2 arteries?
1. Internal iliac artery
2. External iliac artery
The internal iliac artery supplies what muscles?
The external iliac artery supplies what wall and what limbs?
Supplies the anterior abdominal wall and the lower limbs.
As the external iliac artery continues into the thigh, what artery is it now called?
In the knee region, the femoral artery becomes what artery?
The popliteal artery divides into what 2 arteries?
1. Anterior tibial artery
2. Posterior tibial artery
The anterior and posterior tibial arteries supply what 3 body parts?
The posterior tibial artery supplies which type of muscles?
The posterior tibial artery gives off what main branch?
The fibular artery serves what group of muscles in what body part?
Fibular muscles of the lateral calf
The anterior tibial artery supplies what type of muscles?
the anterior tibial artery terminates at which artery?
Dorsalis pedis artery
The dorsalis pedis artery supplies what part of the foot?
Dorsum of the foot
The dorsalis pedis artery continues on as what type of artery?
Which artery supplies the metatarsus of the foot?
Dorsal metatarsal artery
Which artery is often palpated in patients with circulation problems of the leg?
Dorsalis pedis artery