Activity 2: Locating Arteries on an Anatomical Chart or Model and Major Systemic Arteries of the Body

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1

What is the largest artery of the body?

Aorta

2

The aorta has how many regions?

3

3

What are the 3 regions of the aorta?

1. Ascending aorta

2. Aortic arch

3. Descending aorta

4

The part of the aorta extending from the left ventricle is called what?

Ascending aorta

5

The ascending aorta from the left ventricle arches posteriorly and to the left as what?

Aortic arch

6

The aortic arch then courses downwards as what?

Descending aorta

7

The descending aorta passes through which cavity first?

Thoracic cavity

8

The descending aorta is called the thoracic aorta in what thoracic vertebra range?

T5-T12

9

The descending aorta also penetrates what major organ to enter the abdominal cavity?

Diaphragm

10

As the descending aorta enter the abdominal cavity, it is now known as what?

Abdominal aorta

11

What is the first branching of the aortic arch?

Brachiocephalic trunk

12

What are the other 2 major arteries branching off the aortic arch?

1. Left common carotid artery

2. Left subclavian artery

13

The brachiocephalic trunk then divides into what 2 arteries?

1. Right common carotid artery

2. Right subclavian artery

14

The common carotid artery on the left and right side of the body then divides to form what 2 arteries?

1. Internal carotid artery

2. External carotid artery

15

The internal carotid artery serves what organ?

Brain

16

The external carotid artery supplies what tissues?

External skull tissues

17

The right and left subclavian arteries also branch to form what first artery?

Vertebral artery

18

The vertebral artery supplies what 2 parts of the brain?

1. Cerebellum

2. Parts of the brain stem

19

What artery runs through the axilla?

Axillary artery

20

The axillary artery becomes what artery as it enters the arm?

Brachial artery

21

At the elbow, the brachial artery divides into what 2 arteries?

1. Radial artery

2. Ulnar artery

22

The radial and ulnar arteries supply which 2 body parts?

1. Forearm

2. Hands

23

Which 2 arteries supply the hands?

1. Deep palmar arch

2. Superficial palmar arch

24

What is the superior portion of the descending aorta?

Thoracic aorta

25

When does the thoracic aorta begin and end?

Begins when the aortic arch ends, and terminates just as the thoracic aorta pierces the diaphragm

26

Small branches of the abdominal aorta serve what body part?

Thorax

27

The major branches of the descending aorta serve what organs and limbs?

Abdominal organs and lower limbs

28

Most branches of the abdominal aorta serve which organs?

Abdominal organs

29

The right and left common iliac arteries branch into what 2 arteries?

1. Internal iliac artery

2. External iliac artery

30

The internal iliac artery supplies what muscles?

gluteal muscles

31

The external iliac artery supplies what wall and what limbs?

Supplies the anterior abdominal wall and the lower limbs.

32

As the external iliac artery continues into the thigh, what artery is it now called?

Femoral artery

33

In the knee region, the femoral artery becomes what artery?

Popliteal artery

34

The popliteal artery divides into what 2 arteries?

1. Anterior tibial artery

2. Posterior tibial artery

35

The anterior and posterior tibial arteries supply what 3 body parts?

1. Legs

2. Ankles

3. Feet

36

The posterior tibial artery supplies which type of muscles?

Flexor muscles

37

The posterior tibial artery gives off what main branch?

Fibular artery

38

The fibular artery serves what group of muscles in what body part?

Fibular muscles of the lateral calf

39

The anterior tibial artery supplies what type of muscles?

Extensor muscles

40

the anterior tibial artery terminates at which artery?

Dorsalis pedis artery

41

The dorsalis pedis artery supplies what part of the foot?

Dorsum of the foot

42

The dorsalis pedis artery continues on as what type of artery?

Arcuate artery

43

Which artery supplies the metatarsus of the foot?

Dorsal metatarsal artery

44

Which artery is often palpated in patients with circulation problems of the leg?

Dorsalis pedis artery

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