Microbial Disease of the Cardiovascular and lymphatic Systems

Helpfulness: 0
Set Details Share
created 4 years ago by babyruby
359 views
book cover
Microbiology
Chapter 23
updated 4 years ago by babyruby
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

Which of the following statements about sepsis is FALSE?

it usually is caused by gram-positive bacteria

2

Which of the following pairs is mismatched

puerperal sepsis - staphylococcus aureus

3

which of the following is not a recognized form of anthrax

septic

4

which of the following is not a characteristic of Bacillus anthracis

produces endotoxins

5

the symptoms of gas gangrene are due to all of the following except

endocarditis

6

which of the following statements about toxoplasmosis is false

it is a severe illness in adults

7

which of the following pairs does not apply to chagas' disease

diagnosis of acute phase - serological tests for antibodies

8

which of the followign is not caused by a bacterium

malaria

9

which of the following statements about puerperal sepsis false

it is transmitted from mother to fetus

10

which of the following statement about schistosomiasis is false

it is caused by roundworm

11

which of the following statements about rheumatic fever is false

it is rarely fatal even when untreated

12

which of the followig can be transmitted from an infected mother to her fetus across the placenta

cytomegalovirus

13

Humann to human transmission of plague is usually by

the respiratory route

14

a characteristic symptome of plague is

swollen lymph nodes

15

which of the following pairs regarding the epidermiology of malaria is mismatched

vector-Ixodes

16

a predisposing factor for infection by clostridium perfringens is

gangrene

17

arthropods can serve as a reservoir for all of the following diseases except

brucellosis

18

which of the following pairs is mismatched

cat-scratch disease-malignant pustule developing into septicimia

19

which of the following cannot be transmitted to humans from domestic cats

chagas' disease

20

which of the following produces a permanent carrier state following infection

cytomegalovirus

21

Epstein-Barr virus has been implicated in all of the following except

endocarditis

22

scrapings from a patient's rash reveal cercariae. the disease is most likely

swimmer's itch

23

you advise your pregnant friend to not adopt a new kitten from her neighbor because she could contract

toxoplasmosis

24

which of the following is not controlled by a mosquito eradication program

schitosomiasis

25

which of the following statements about group B streptococci is false

they cause strep throat

26

all lymph that returns to the heart must pass through at least one lymph node

true

27

Neonatal sepsis is most commonly caused by group A streptococci

false

28

subacute bacterial endocarditis is commonly the result of infections initially focused on the oral cavity

true

29

all viral hemorrhagic fever outbreaks have been confined to the eastern hemisphere

false

30

netting modified for sandflies should also be useful in preventing malaria

true

31

all forms of typhus are associated with arthropod vectors

true

32

the most likely primary site of replication during mononucleosis is the B lymphocyte

true

33

septicimia

presence of pathogenic microorganism in blood

34

sepsis

infection release mediators of inflammation into bloodstream

35

lymphangitis

inflamed lymph vessels

36

severe sepsis

low BP, at least one organ dysfunction

37

septic shock

BP cannot be controlled

38

enterococcus faecalis/faecium

leading cause of HAI

39

group B streptococci

S galactiae is only GBS. most common cause of neonatal sepsis

40

puerperal sepsis

HAI

begins as infection of uterus due to childbirth or abortion

caused by S pyogenes

41

subacute bacterial endocarditis

fever, general weakness, and heart murmur

caused by alpha-hemolytic streptococci

arises from infection elsewhere in the body

42

acute bacterial endocarditis

caused by S aureus

43

rheumatic fever

caused by S. pyogenes

autoimmune complication

treated by penicillin G benzathine

sydenham's chorea - involuntary, purposeless movement

44

Tularemia

caused by Francissella tularensis, gram negative

treated by tetracycline

45

Burkitt's lymphoma

caused by EB virus

common childhood cancer in africa

tumor on side of neck

46

anthrax

caused by bacillus anthracis

cutaneous anthrax - contact with material containing anthrax endospore

gastrointestinal anthrax - ingestion of undercooked food containing anthrax endospore

inhalational anthrax - endospores inhaled into the lungs (raxicumab)

treated by ciprofloxacin or doxycycline

47

gangrene

ischemia - wound causes blood supply to be interrupted

necrosis - tissue death

caused by C perfringens

48

plague

caused by yersenia pestis

treated by streptomycin or tetracycline

49

ehrlichiosis and anaplasmosis

caused by Ehrlicia chafeensis and anasplasma phagocytophilum

treated with doxcycline or tetracycline i

50

infectious mononucleosis

caused by EB virus

fever, general weakness

no treatement

51

cytomegalovirus infection

caused by cytomegalovirus

transferred through body fluids

treated with ganciclovir and formivirsen

infection during pregnancy can be damaging to fetus

52

chagas' disease

caused by trypanosoma cruzi

treated with nifurtimox and benznidazole

53

toxoplasmosis

disease of blood and lymphatic vessels

caused by toxoplasma gondii

treated with pyrimethamine, sulfadiazine and folinic acid

54

malaria

plasmodium vivax

plasmodium ovale (48hr fever)

malariae ( 72hr pattern)

falciparum - most dangeous. infects and destroys RBCs

55

malaria stages

infected mosquito bites human. sporozoite enter blood

sporozooite undergo schizogony, merozoites is produced

merozoite into blood; liver is infected

morozoite into ring stage in RBC

more morozoites are produced ad release when RBCs ruptures

56

schistosomiasis

caused by small fluke

male and female are together and produce egg as they go along

schistosoma haematobium - urinary bladder wall

schistosoma japonicum/mansoni - intestinal inflammation

treated with praziquantel and oxamniquine for mansoni