Kinesiology Exam 3 (Lower Body)

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1

Name the bony prominence on the distal fibula

Lateral Malleolus

2

Name the tarsal bone that joints with the fibula

Talus

3

Name the projection from the middle tibial plateau

Intercondylar Eminences

4

Name the Prominence at the superior end of the femur

Greater trochanter

5

Name the distal lateral tarsal bone

Cuboid

6

What is the top prominence of the Ilium called?

Anterior superior Iliac spine (ASIS)

7

What bony projection are you pressing on when you sit?

Ischial Tuberosity

8

Name this ring like structure on the os coxae that joins the femur

Acetabulum

9

What are the sharp ridges on the superior hip bone called?

Iliac crests

10

What is the largest sesamoid bone in the body?

The Patella

11

This structure is a long ridge on the posterior femur

Linea Aspera

12

What is the prominence on the proximal anterior lower leg bone?

TIbeal Tuberosity

13

What type of joint is the Iliofemoral?

Ball and Socket

14

What type of Joint is the Pubic Junction?

symphysis

15

What type of joint is the tibiofemoral?

Modified hinge

16

What type of joint is the intertarsal?

Gliding

17

What type of joint is the Interphalangeal?

Hinge joint

18

The 1st metatarsophalangeal is what type of joint?

Condyloid

19

The proximal tibiofibular is what type of joint?

Syndesmosis

20

What type of joint is the talotibial?

Hinge

21

What type of joint is the tarsometatarsal?

Gliding

22

What type of joint is the distal tibiofibular?

Syndesmosis

23

Muscle(s) that flex the hip and extend the knee

Rectus femoris

24

Muscle(s) that flex the hip and flex the knee

sartorius

25

Muscle(s) that extend the hip and flex the knee

Semitendinous, semi-membranous, and biceps femoris

26

Prime mover in dorsiflexion of ankle

Tibialis anterior

27

Prime mover in inversion of the foot

Tibialis anterior

28

Prime mover in eversion of the foot

Peroneus longus

29

Muscle most responsible for plantar flexion of ankle when knee is flexed

Soleus

30

What muscle is the prime abductor of the hip and assists in internal rotation?

Gluteus medius

31

What muscle is the prime internal rotator of the hip and assists in abduction?

Gluteus minimus

32

Powerful hip muscle in the parallel squat

Gluteus maximus

33

Name the muscle that stabilizes the patella

vastus mediallis

34

Muscle(s) that extend the great toe

Extensor hallucis

35

Main "push off" muscle in running

Gastronemius

36

What muscle stabilizes the lateral ankle?

Peronus longus and brevis

37

What is the structure that maintains the longitudinal arch of the foot?

Long plantar ligament

38

Another term for the heel bone is

the calcaneus

39

The bony prominence on the lateral proximal femur is the

greater trochanter

40

The main solid structure that supports the hip joint is the

acetabulum

41

What is the bony prominence on the distal fibula?

Lateral malleolus

42

Both the ischium and the pubis make sharp angle bends. This type of projection is called a

Ramus

43

The wide, fibrous structure across the sole of the foot is known as

Plantar fascia

44

How is the knee cap attached to the tibial tuberosity?

Via the Patellar ligament

45

The soleus inserts by means of the _________

Achilles (calcaneal) tendon

46

The tensor fascia lata makes its distal attachment by means of the ________

Iliotibial band (ITB)

47

What structure provides primary support to the arch of the foot?

The long plantar ligament

48

What is the two joint muscle of the quadriceps group?

The rectus femoris

49

What muscle is generally the prime mover of hip flexion?

Iliopsoas

50

What is the two part muscle group of the hamstrings?

The biceps femoris

51

What muscle is the main plantar flexor when the knee is bent at 90 degrees?

the soleus

52

What is the most medial thigh muscle?

Gracilis

53

The union of the two pubic bones is the ________

Symphysis pubis

54

The anatomical term for the hip joint is ________

Iliofemoral

55

The anatomical term for the ankle joint is _________

talotibial

56

What ligament prevents forward motion of the tibia on the femur?

Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)

57

What ligament primarily supports the medial integrity of the ankle?

Deltoid

58

The opposite of dorsiflexion is ________

Plantarflexion

59

Movement away from the body in the frontal plane is know as what?

Abduction

60

What are the possible motions of the knee joint?

Flexion, extension, medial and lateral rotation

61

Name the two primary motions of the peroneus longus

Plantar flexion and eversion

62

The hip muscle that, by position, is both and adductor and extensor is the _______

adductor magnus

63

A two joint muscle that inserts on the knee cap is ________

The rectus femoris

64

The muscle that originates on the ASIS is the ___________

sartorius

65

Where is the insertion of the Psoas Major?

The lesser trochanter

66

The gluteus maximus inserts on the gluteal tuberoisty and also to the _______ by means of a(an) ________ (a specific type of attachment)

Ilitotibial band

Aponeurosis

67

What are the three major muscles of the thigh that insert on the medial tibia by means of a common junction?

Sartorius, semitendinosus, gracilis