Poli Sci Chapter 1,2,3 test
1. The state legislature without a gubernatorial veto enacts or passes
2. State agencies or departments promulgate
regulations or rules
3. Local representative bodies, such as city councils, pass
4. According to the moralistic political culture, the role of government is
improve conditions for the people and to create a just society.
5. In individualistic political culture, the role of government is
a vehicle for creating a just society and government intervention in private life should be limited.
6. In the traditionalistic political culture, government’s role is
a vehicle for maintaining the status quo and its hierarchy.
7. Although elements of each subculture exist in Texas, ____ historically dominated the state and controlled the direction of the political system. The Radical Republicans of the post–Civil War era sought to use government to ____ a white supremacist political system.
individualists and traditionalists; end
8. Radical Republican Governor E. J. Davis’s aggressive use of state government power in an effort to ____ African American political participation. Reaction to Radical Republican Governor E. J. Davis’s administration resulted in the ____ government established by the 1876 Texas Constitution, which is still in operation today.
protect; decentralized, weak
- In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, groups like the Farmers’ Alliance and the Populist Party surged in popularity in Texas as they challenged government to ____ corporate capitalism. From the earliest days of the civil rights struggle, African Americans and Latinos in Texas engaged in organized political activism to change the ____ political structure of the state.
control the damaging effects of rising ; traditionalistic
- The constitutional constraint that the Texas legislature meets only biennially reflects ____. Today, many Texans are the descendants of migrants from ____ states of the Old South, where conservatism, elitism (upper-class rule), and one-party politics were entrenched.
- The fact that government spending for social services and public education on a per capita basis is consistently among the lowest in the nation reflects ____. The ____ influence of Mexico was also discernible among Texans of Mexican ancestry, who were affected by a political culture featuring the elitist patrón system (rule by a protective political boss) that dominates certain areas of South Texas.
- The fact that Texas has adopted “right to work” laws, which make it difficult to form and operate labor unions, reflects ____. Since the mid-1970s, many of the new Texans come from places with more heavily ____ political cultures.
- The ideology ____ most advocates decreased government regulation of the economy but increased government regulation of personal morality. The political culture ____ best supports this ideology.
- The ideology ____ most advocates increased government regulation of the economy but decreased government regulation of personal morality. The political culture ____ best supports this ideology.
- The ideology ____ most advocates decreased government regulation of the economy and decreased government regulation of personal morality. The political culture ____ best supports this ideology.
- The ____ is an agreement among Mexico, the United States, and Canada designed to expand trade by ____ tariffs among the three nations.
The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA); eliminating
- Central Texas is also home to the German Hill Country, an agricultural region that holds onto its Central European cultural identity and its social and political ____. Austin is politically and socially ____.
- ____ have some electoral wins in the urban areas of the Gulf Coast. Rural parts of the Gulf Coast remain reliably ____.
- The early history of ____ was marked by racial segregation. ____ policies like exclusionary zoning and racial covenants, were used purposefully to ensure residential segregation.
suburbanization; State and local
- More than ____ of all Texans are either African American or Latino. According to U.S. Census Bureau projections in 2013 for Texas, ____ a majority in Texas.
one-half; no one
- States ____ to levy import duties (taxes) on another state’s products. The U.S. Supreme Court further ruled that a state legislature ____ limit the number of terms for members of the state’s congressional delegation.
are forbidden; cannot
- In the U.S. Constitution, there ____ list of state powers. The ____ Amendment states that all powers not specifically delegated to the national government, nor prohibited to the states, are reserved to the states or to the people.
is no; Tenth
- Police power, a power reserved to state government, is protection of the ____ of citizens, and provision for the general welfare. States today have ____ powers, responsibilities, and duties.
health, morals, safety, and convenience; broad
- In 2005, the U.S. Supreme Court expanded the power of eminent domain under the ____ Amendment, allowing local governments to seize private homes for ____ development.
- Governor Rick Perry responded to a U.S. Supreme Court opinion that expanded the power of eminent domain by calling a special legislative session in the summer of 2005. As a result, statutory limits were imposed on ____ entities condemning private property where the primary purpose is for ____.
government; economic development
- In many areas the Texas Constitution mandates ____, which has required ____ amendments.
specific policies in great detail; frequent
- The constitution’s framers spelled out policymaking powers and limitations in ____. The resulting document more closely resembles ____ than any other type of legal authority.
minute detail; a code of laws or a statute
- Texas ____ Anson Jones ultimately called a constitutional convention whose delegates drew up a new state constitution and agreed to accept the invitation to join the Union. After the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, Mexican Americans were ____ their rights, especially their property rights.
- The 1866 Constitution ____ the right of former slaves to sue in the state’s courts, to enter into contracts, to obtain and transfer property, and to testify in court actions involving black citizens. The Constitution of 1866 ____ African Americans to vote, hold public office, as well as serve as jurors.
recognized; did not permit
- The Radical Republicans in Congress set aside the state’s reconstructed government, ____ prominent whites who had participated in the Confederate secession or war effort, and imposed ____ across the state.
disenfranchised; military rule
- Ratified in 1869, the new constitution ____ power in state government. The Constitution of 1869 specified a broad range of educational policies ____ revenue sources to spend on public schools.
centralized more; and designated
- Hundreds of ____ state and local offices were filled with Davis’s supporters. The Constitution of 1869 ____ county courts and raised the salaries of government officials.
- The new fundamental law of 1869 called for ____ sessions of the legislature and ____ of judges.
annual; gubernatorial appointment
34. Established by the Constitution of 1869, these changes ____ Austin and ____ local government
centralized more governmental power in; weakened
35. More than ____ of the delegates to the 1875 constitutional convention were members of the Texas Grange (the Patrons of Husbandry), a farmers’ organization ____ reduced government spending and limited governmental powers.
40 percent; committed to
- A feature of the Texas Constitution of 1876 is that the document made all executive offices (except that of secretary of state) ____ for two-year terms; and tied the hands of legislators with ____ sessions.
- A feature of the Texas Constitution of 1876 is that all judgeships became ____ for relatively short terms of office. In addition, public services ____.
popularly elected; trimmed to the bone
- The framers of the new constitution ____ the public debt and ____ the legislature’s taxing and spending powers.
limited; severely curbed
- The framers of the Texas Constitution of 1876 shared in the prevailing popular distrust of, and hostility toward, ____. The Constitution of 1876 has one of the ____ gubernatorial offices in the nation.
- The process for changing the Texas Constitution is as follows: an amendment is proposed by ____ of each chamber of the legislature and approved by ____ of voters in a general or special election.
a two-thirds vote; simple majority
- A state constitution like Texas’ ____ more civil liberties and rights than the U.S. Constitution. A state constitution like Texas’ ____ less civil liberties and rights than the U.S. Constitution.
can afford; cannot afford
- Dillon’s Rule, named after federal judge John F. Dillon and still followed in most states (____ Texas), dictates that local governments ____ those powers granted by the state government, those powers implied in the state grant, and those powers indispensable to their functioning.
including; have only
- The opposing Cooley Doctrine, named after Michigan judge Thomas M. Cooley, says “Local Government ____ a matter of absolute right; and the state may ____ it away.”
is; not take
- A city of more than 5,000 people may be incorporated as ____, with a locally drafted charter adopted, amended, or repealed by ____ in a citywide election.
home-rule city; majority vote
- ____ is a citizen-drafted measure proposed by a specified number or percentage of qualified voters. If approved by popular vote, it becomes law without city council approval. Through ____, voters may petition for a vote to repeal an existing ordinance.
An initiative; A referendum
- ____ provides a process for removing elected officials through a popular vote. ____ is a process by which issues are referred to the voters to accept or reject.
Recall; A referendum
- The ____ system is more likely than the council-manager form to be responsive to the full range of the community. ____ cities tend to respond more to elite and middle-class concerns than to those of the working class and ethnic minorities.
strong mayor-council; Council-manager
- The ____ form seems to work well in cities where most people are of the same ethnic group and social class and, thus, share many common goals. In the early 20th century, however, the ____ form began to fall out of favor in many places, including Texas, because of its association with the corrupt political party machines that once dominated many cities.
council-manager; strong mayor-council
- In ____ form, the mayor shares appointive and removal powers over municipal government personnel with the city council. In theory, the ____ system attempts to separate policymaking from administration.
weak mayor-council form; council-manager
- In the ____ form, the lines of responsibility can be unclear. In ____ form, other executives (treasurer, city attorney) are more likely to be elected and not appointed.
commission; weak mayor-council
- In a strong mayor-council form, a council traditionally is elected ____. All city and special district elections in Texas are ____ elections. (See slides 12 and 43 in the document Texas Government & Politics - Week 4.1 Class Outline.)
single-member districts; nonpartisan
- In nonpartisan elections, voter turnout tends to be ____ compared with state and national elections. Nonpartisan elections tend to be ____.
low; more personal and less issue oriented
- At-large elections were challenged because it tended to ____ the majority Anglo population. In cumulative voting, voters cast a number of votes equal to the positions available and ____. (See slides 2 and 16 in the document Texas Government & Politics - Week 4.2 Class Outline.)
over-represent; may cast them for one or more candidates in any combination
- Dividing a city into ____ districts tends to create some districts with a majority of historically excluded ethnic minorities, thereby increasing the chance of electing a Latino, African American, or Asian American candidate to the city council. Prompted by lawsuits and ethnic conflict, 20 of Texas’s 25 largest cities have adopted ____ or a mixed system of at-large and single-member districts.
- Merely a change in the electoral rules ____ (Which is the answer? can OR cannot) increase the likelihood that ethnic minorities are represented on a governmental body. ____ may also determine whether to institute term limits for their elected officials.
can; Home-rule cities
- The sum of city, county, and special district government sales taxes cannot exceed ____. The Texas Constitution allows cities to issue bonds, but any bond issue to be repaid from taxes must be approved by ____. (See slides 46 and 52 in the document Texas Government & Politics - Week 4.2 Class Outline.)
2 percent; the voters.
- All elected county officials are chosen in ____ elections and serve ____ terms.
- As required by ____, all Texas counties have the same basic governmental structure. The members of the commissioners court are the county judge, who presides, and ____ elected commissioners.
state constitution; four
- Boundary lines for a county’s commissioner precincts are set by ____. Precincts must be of substantially equal ____ as mandated by the “one-person, one-vote” ruling of the U.S. Supreme Court in Avery v. Midland County 390 U.S. 474 (1968).
its commissioner’s court ; population
- The ____ maintains the county’s vital statistics (birth, death, and marriage records). In most counties serving as a magistrate, the ____ sets bail for arrested persons.
county clerk; Justices of the peace
- The ____ assesses (or determines) property values in the county. The ____ handles small claims court cases.
countywide tax appraisal district; Justices of the peace
- The ____ has administrative responsibility for most county agencies not headed by another elected official. The ____ represents the county in civil and criminal cases.
county judge; county attorney
- The ____ collects county taxes and fees and certain state fees. The ____ may administer elections.
county tax assessor-collector; county clerk
- The ____ serves one or more counties by prosecuting criminal cases, giving advisory opinions, and representing the county in civil cases. For the ____, traffic cases represent a substantial part of their work statewide.
district attorney; Justices of the peace
- The ____ assists the justice court by serving subpoenas and other court documents. The ____ files legal documents (such as deeds, mortgages, and contracts) in the county’s public records.
Constables; county clerk
- The ____ commonly focuses on crime in unincorporated areas. The ____ commonly handles voter registration.
county sheriff; county tax assessor-collector
- The ____ serves as coroner in most counties. The ____ oversees the county jail.
Justices of the peace; county sheriff
- ____ mostly likely administers a courthouse. ____ mostly likely provides fire protection.
- ____ mostly likely maintains parks and recreation. ____ mostly likely oversees a main jail.
- ____ mostly likely administers libraries. ____ mostly likely oversees junior college or community college.
City; special district
- ____ mostly likely issues state automobile licenses. ____ mostly likely focuses on regional planning.
county; council of governments
- ____ mostly likely maintains government housing. ____ mostly likely provides police protection.
- It is estimated that there are currently about ____ colonias in Texas. The Texas secretary of state created a plan to provide ____ to 32 colonias.
2,300; water and sewage
- More than 1,000 Texas independent school districts (ISDs), created by ____, are governed by popularly elected, nonsalaried boards of trustees. One reasons for special districts is that many local needs—such as mass transit, hospitals, and flood protection— ____ the boundaries of cities and counties.
legislature; cut across
- Within the extraterritorial jurisdiction (ETJ), a ____ city can regulate some aspects of development and annex (make an area a part of the city) contiguous unincorporated areas ____.
home-rule; without a vote by those who live there