Activity 9: Joint Disorders

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created 4 years ago by Zajdab
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1

A hard blow to the knee can cause what type of painful inflammation?

Bursitis

2

Bursitis is commonly known as what?

"Water on the knee"

3

In bursitis, what 2 things can happen to the patellar bursa?

1. Damage

2. Inflammation

4

What are 2 other common types of joint problems (often seen in athletes)?

1. Sprains

2. Dislocations

5

In a sprain, what 2 things may happen to the ligaments reinforcing a joint?

1. Damaged by overstretching

2. Torn away from the bony attachment

6

Why do sprains heal slowly and are quite painful?

The damaged ligaments and tendons in sprains are made up of dense regular connective tissue with a poor blood supply.

7

When do dislocations occur in regards to bones.

They occur when bones are forced out of their normal position in the joint cavity.

8

Dislocations are often accompanied by what 3 things?

1. Torn ligaments

2. Stressed ligaments

3. Inflammation

9

What is the process of returning a bone back to its proper position?

Reduction

10

What happens to the joints as a person ages?

The joints deteriorate

11

When a person ages and the joints deteriorate, what 2 things may form?

1. Adhesions

2. Bone spurs

12

What are adhesions and where do they form?

Fibrous bands that form between the surfaces where bones join.

13

What are bone spurs and where do they form?

Bone tissue that may grow along the joint edges.