Ethics midterm 1

Helpfulness: 0
Set Details Share
created 4 years ago by Katy_Wood
72 views
updated 4 years ago by Katy_Wood
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

Which of the following would make a sound argument?

An argument with true premises that's valid

2

Here's a valid argument I mentioned in class:

1) If USF is in FL, then USF is in America

2) USF is in FL

3) so USF is in America

Which valid form is this?

Modus Ponens

3

Here's a valid argument I mentioned in class:

1) If I'm in Germany, then I'm in Europe

2) I'm not in Europe

3) So I'm not in Germany

Which valid form is this?

Modus Tollens

4

Here's a valid argument I mentioned in class:

1) If I'm in FL, then I'm in America

2) I'm not in FL

3) So I'm not in America

Is this valid or not?

Invalid

5

Here's a valid argument I mentioned in class:

1) She's either right-handed or left-handed

2) She's not right handed

3) So she's left handed

Which valid form is this?

Disjunctive Syllogism

6

Which branches of ethics will be covered in this course?

Normative Ethics and Value Theory

7

As mentioned in class, which branch of ethics will we spend the bulk of our time on this semester?

Normative ethics

8

Questions about Instrumental goods and intrinsic goods fall under which branch of ethiics?

Value Theory

9

As mentioned in class, instrumental goods are only valuable for the goods they bring about. True or false

True

10

As mentioned in class, intrinsic goods are valuable in their own right. True or false

True

11

Happiness is a classic example of which kind of good?

Intrinsic good

12

Money is a classic example of which kind of good?

Instrumental good

13

Hedonism falls under which branch of ethics?

Value Theory

14

Hedonism is the view that happiness is the highest intrinsic good among several intrinsic goods. True of false

False, it is the view that happiness is the ONLY intrinsic good

15

As mentioned in class, another more technical way to define Hedonism is that happiness is both necessary and sufficient for a good life. True or false

True

16

As mentioned in class, when we say that happiness is necessary for a good life, we mean that if one has happiness, one has a good life. True or false

True

17

Hedonism makes a distinction between two kinds of pleasures: physical pleasures and enjoyment (intellectual pleasures). Which kind of pleasure do Hedonists claim is happiness?

Enjoyment

18

One of the weaknesses of Hedonism is that it can't account for the commonsensical idea that there are numerous paths to the good life. True of false

true

19

One of the strengths of Hedonism is that it seems self-evident that happiness is intrinsically valuable. True or False

True

20

Shafer-Landau claims that the fact that we don't want our kids lobotomized - even if they'll be happier as a result - seems to show that happiness is not the end-all be-all of a good life. So does that suggest Shafer-Landau thinks Hedonismis true or false?

He thinks hedonism is False

21

As mentioned in class, Desire Satisfaction Theory is the view that satisfying your desires is both necessary and sufficient for something being good for you. True or False

True

22

As mentioned in class, when we say that satisfying your desires is necessaryfor something being good for you, we mean that something must satisfy your desires in order for it to be good for you. True or False

True

23

Desire Satisfaction Theory falls under which branch of ethics?

Value theory

24

As mentioned in class, Desire Satisfaction Theory claims there are no objective values

True

25

One of the strengths of Desire Satisfaction Theory is that it can explain the commonsensical idea that there are numerous ways to live a good life. True or false.

True

26

As mentioned in class, Desire Satisfaction Theory claims that satisfying your desires guarantees having something good for you. Which of the following is the kind of counterexample needed to undermine this claim?

1) Something that is good for you that doesn't satisfy your desires

2) Something that satisfies your desires that isn't good for you

both 1 and 2

27

One of the weaknesses of Desire Satisfaction Theory is that - while the view says that something must satisfy your desires in order for it to be good for you - there seems to be examples of things that are good for you that don't satisfy your desires (ex vaccination). True or false

True

28

Where does Shafer-Landau fall concerning Desire Satisfaction Theory? Does he think it is true or false?

false

29

Questions that concern the standards of ethics fall under which branch of ethics?

Normative Ethics

30

Divine Command Theory is the view that an act is immoral of moral just because it is prohibited or commanded (repsectively) by God

True

31

Divine Command Theory falls under which branch of ethics?

Normative Ethics

32

The Euthyphro Dilemma involves which of the following?

1) Does God command us to do actions because they are morally right

2) Are actions morally right because God commands them

3) Both (1) and (2)

4) None of the Above

3) Both 1. and 2.

33

Shafer-Landau claims that abandoning Divine Command Theory means giving up the view that God is the author of morality. As mentioned in class, does Matt agree or disagree?

Disagrees

34

Natural Law Theory is the view that an action is right because it's natural and wrong because it is unnatural; and that people are good or bad to the extent that they fulfill their nature. True or false?

True

35

Natural Law Theory falls under which branch of Ethics?

Normative Ethics

36

As mentioned in class, Natural Law Theory claims that the objective standard of morality is which of the following?

1) Laws of the universe

2) Human beliefs

3) Human nature

4) Laws of reason

Human nature

37

Psychological Egoism is the view that self interest is the strongest of several motivations for humans. True or false.

False. It is the ONLY motivation

38

Ethical Egoism is the view that actions are morally right just because they best promote one's self-interest. True or false.

True

39

According to Shafer-Landau, if Ethical Egoism is true, then altruism MUST be false. True or false

True

40

Ethical Egoism falls under which branch of ethics?

Normative ethics