The American Pageant: American History II Chapters 35 Flashcards


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1

Action by the United States against Adolf Hitler's campaign of genocide against the Jews

was reprehensibly slow in coming.

2

After the Italian surrender in August 1943,

the German army poured into Italy and stalled the Allied advance.

3

Arrange these events in chronological order: (A) the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, (B) the surrender of Nazi Gemany, (C) D-Day, (D) Invasion of Italy.

D, C, B, A

4

As a result of the Battles of Iwo Jima and Okinawa,

Japan was finished as a naval power. (Exam)

5

At the wartime Teheran Conference,

plans were made for the opening of a second front in Europe.

6

During World War II, approximately ____ women served in the United States armed forces in noncombatant roles.

200,000

7

Hitler's advance in the European theater of war crested in late 1942 at the Battle of ____, after which his fortunes gradually declined.

Stalingrad (exam?)

8

Japanese Americans were placed in concentration camps during World War II

as a result of anti-Japanese prejudice and fear.

9

The "unconditional surrender" policy toward Japan was modified by

agreeing to let the Japanese keep Emperor Hirohito on the throne. (Exam)

10

President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill announced at their wartime conference in Casablanca that their principal war aim was to

force the unconditional surrender of Germany, Italy, and Japan

11

The Potsdam conference

gave Eastern Europe and eastern Germany to the Soviet Union and western Germany to the British and Americans.

12

The advance of the German General Erwin Rommel was finally turned back in 1942 by

the British General Bernard Montgomery in Egypt. (Exam)

13

The building of the atomic bomb was greatly aided by

European refugee scientists who had escaped from Hitler.

14

The first naval battle in history in which all the fighting was done by carrier-based aircraft was the Battle of

the Coral Sea.

15

The major consequence of the Allied conquest of Sicily in August 1943 was

a modification of the demand for unconditional surrender of Italy.

16

The real impact of the Italian front on World War II was that it

destroyed the monastery of Monte Cassino and other Italian artistic treasures.

17

While American workers were committed to the war effort, wartime strikes prompted temporary government takeovers of

the coal mines and railroads.

18

Despite the loss of manpower to the war, American farmers managed to provide abundant food supplies through

improved technology and fertilizer along with the use of Mexican laborers.

19

Approximately ____ of the cost of World War II was paid by the federal income tax and other taxes, the rest of the war's cost was paid by borrowing.

2/5

20

In the 1944 campaign, President Roosevelt relied heavily on the political strength of

his vice-presidential candidate Harry Truman. (Exam)