Activity 1: Locating Body Regions

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1

What is a section?

A cut.

2

What is a plane?

When a section is made through the body wall or through an organ.

3

What are the three common planes and their alternative names?

1. Median (midsagittal)

2. Frontal (coronal)

3. Transverse

4

1. What is a sagittal plane?

2. What is a midsagittal or median plane?

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1. A plane that divides the body into right and left parts.

2. A midsagittal or median plane is a sagittal cut that divides the body into equal left and right parts.

5

What is a frontal or coronal plane?

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A plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior parts.

6

What is a transverse plane?

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A plane that runs horizontally and divides the body into superior and inferior parts.

7
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Name the missing parts.

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8
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Name the missing parts.

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9
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Name the missing parts.

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10

Surface Anatomy

Describe the parts of the following two:

Axial:

Appendicular:

Axial: head, neck, and trunk, the axis of the body

Appendicular: limbs and their attachments to the axis

11

Surface Anatomy: Anterior Body Landmarks.

Abdominal:

Acromial:

Antebrachial:

Antecubital:

Axillary:

Brachial:

Buccal:

Carpal:

Cephalic:

Cervical:

Coxal:

Crural:

Digital:

Femoral:

Fibular (peroneal):

Frontal:

Hallux:

Inguinal:

Mammary:

Manus:

Mental:

Nasal:

Oral:

Orbital:

Palmar:

Patellar:

Pedal:

Pelvic:

Pollex:

Pubic:

Sternal:

Tarsal:

Thoracic:

Umbilical:

Abdominal: anterior body trunk region inferior to the ribs to the pelvic

Acromial: point of the shoulder

Antebrachial: forearm

Antecubital: anterior surface of the elbow

Axillary: armpit

Brachial: arm

Buccal: cheek

Carpal: wrist

Cephalic: head

Cervical: neck region

Coxal: hip

Crural: leg

Digital: fingers or toes

Femoral: thigh

Fibular (peroneal): side of the leg

Frontal: forehead

Hallux: great toe

Inguinal: groin area

Mammary: breast region

Manus: hand

Mental: chin

Nasal: nose

Oral: mouth

Orbital: bony eye socket (orbit)

Palmar: palm of the hand

Patellar: anterior knee (kneecap) region

Pedal: foot

Pelvic: pelvis region

Pollex: thumb

Pubic: genital region

Sternal: region of the breast bone

Tarsal: ankle

Thoracic: chest

Umbilical: navel

12

Surface Anatomy: Posterior Body Landmarks

Acromial:

Brachial:

Calcaneal:

Cephalic:

Dorsal:

Femoral:

Gluteal:

Lumbar:

Manus:

Occipital:

Olecranal:

Otic:

Pedal:

Perineal:

Plantar:

Popliteal:

Sacral:

Scapular:

Sural:

Vertebral:

Acromial: point of the shoulder

Brachial: arm

Calcaneal: heel of the foot

Cephalic: head

Dorsal: back

Femoral: thigh

Gluteal: buttocks

Lumbar: area of the back between the ribs and hips; the loin

Manus: hand

Occipital: posterior aspect of the head or base of the skull

Olecranal:posterior aspect of the elbow

Otic: ear

Pedal:foot

Perineal: region between the anus and external genatalia

Plantar: sole of the foot

Popliteal: back of the knee

Sacral: region between the hips

Scapular: shoulder blade area

Sural: calf or posterior surface of the leg

Vertebral: area of the spinal cord