Harings Sociology Ch. 3 Culture

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1

When an American shakes someone's hand during an introduction they are practicing a(n)

folkway

2

A strictly-enforced rule of behavior that (incest), when violated, calls for strong punishment, is called a(n)

taboo

3

judging other people and groups according to the standards and values of one’s own culture

ethnocentrism

4

a method of rewarding or punishing individuals in order to encourage them to obey norms

sanction

5

When someone deliberately and consciously opposes the main beliefs of the dominant they are a part of a(n)

counterculture

6

Norm are made up of folkways, mores and

laws

7

The three reasons a culture changes are discovery, diffusion and

invention

8

When a culture or society borrows ideas from another culture they are engaging in

diffusion

9

Saying "Please pass the potatoes.." at a dinner table is a folkway and what type of informal sanction?

positiive

10

A mother saying "Johnny, you do not burp at the table..." is a folkway and what type of informal sanction?

negative

11

What are cultural traits that are present in all cultures called

cultural universals

12

When a norm is formally defined and enforced by officials such as police officers, it becomes a(n)

law

13

What is a territory that is lived in by a group of people who share the same culture?

society

14

What is defined as the customs, knowledge, values, and physical objects that are shared by those who are members of a particular society?

culture

15

What is a thing that stands for something else?

symbol

16

Which of the following would NOT be considered a taboo in American society? incest, polygamy, defecating in public, studying, murder

studying

17

Working hard, fighting for equality and promoting education are all considered what in the United States?

values

18

What is a segment of a culture that differs from that culture in some distinct, recognizable ways is known as (teens, conservatives, blue collar worker)?

subculture

19

What is a norm that has a moral component and which members of a society are expected to follow?

more

20

Which of the following would be considered a counterculture as opposed to a subculture? goths, hippies, hipsters, jocks

hippies

21

Getting a detention from your principal is what type of negative sanction?

formal

22

Getting yelled at by your mom to pick up after yourself is what type of negative sanction?

informal

23

What are the tangible aspect of a culture called?

material

24

What are the intangible aspects of a culture called?

non-material

25

This is an example of a counterculture living in the La Crosse area known for riding in buggies with horses

Amish

26

What are rules that define appropriate and inappropriate behavior?

norms

27

The ability to see the link between society and self

sociological imagination

28

In the context of cultural diversity, grouping of people who share a social characteristic (women, teens, Lutherans, Democrats)

social categories

29

In terms of culture, what symbol represents Logan?

Ranger

30

In terms of cultural universals in the United States high school system, all successful seniors conclude with a

diploma