Chapter 36 Reproduction and Development

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Definitions (36.1)
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1

sexual reproduction

a type of reproduction in which two parents give rise to offspring that have unique combinations of genes inherited from both parents via the gametes

2

zygote

the diploid cell produced by the union of haploid gametes during fertilization; a fertilized egg

3

egg

the female gamete

4

sperm

the male gamete

5

asexual reproduction

the generation of offspring from a single parent that occurs without the fusion of gametes (by budding, division of a single cell, or division of the entire organism into two or more parts) In most cases, the offspring are genetically identical to the parent

6

hermaphroditism

a condition in which an individual has both female and male gonads and functions as both a male and female in sexual reproduction by producing both sperm and egg

7

fertilization

the union of haploid gametes to produce a diploid zygote