Intro Communication Final Exam
Recording Arts 1877: Thomas Edison :
- phonograph (tin foil cylinder)
Recording Arts 1887: Alexander Graham Bell :
Emile Berliner :
beeswax disc (early recording
- flat metal disk Gramophone (mass) (had to use multiple recorders)
Recording Arts 1920: Joseph Maxwell
- electronic mic and speakers (stereo simulates real life sound, two speakers, more immersive, surround sound
1885: Heinrich Hertz :
- German physicist demonstrates existence of electromagnetic waves. Hertz: one cycle per second
Radio Person 1892: Nathan Stobblefiled
- Kentucky farmer, transmits voice/ music over short distance
Radio Person 1899: Guglielmo Marconi :
- invents radio; telegraphy: dots and dashes
Radio 1906 : Lee de Forest
- reliable radio broadcast for broadcasting human voice (audio tube) [creates AM radio]
Radio Person 1912: David Sarnoff
Titanic sank*: made radio a household world
Radio Person1921: Jack Dempsey :
- Georges Carpenter heavy weight boxing match (becomes mass medium)
Radio Person 1934: Edwin Armstrong :
Columbia University engineer: creates FM
Radio Person 1938 Orson Welles
Young guy made things clear for radio,live he he made a fake panic attack. Understood when everyone else to a commercial break on air so he knew he would everyone attention. Understood that the pause was going to shock, and people wanted people to be fearful.
Radio Person 1980's ( Rush Limbaugh )
when AM becomes mostly talk
1839 Daguerietype: Jarques Louis Daguerre :
- positive image, could not kale copies, 30 minute exposure time
Film Person 1878 Eadweard Muybridge :
- Use a series of photos to see what the unaccompanied eye can not (with horses)
Film Person *1888 William Dickerson :
- Kinetoscope* Edison [studio shooting]
Film Person *1895 Lumiere Brothers :
- Auguste and Louis first public screening (was able to film, develop and show)[location shooting]
Film Person 1915 “Birth of a Nation”: director D.W. Griffith
- (introduced close up, natural acting, cross cutting [really racist])
Film Person 1922 Robert Flaherty
first major documentary
Tv Person Early 1920's: Philo T. Farnsworth
- Wants to invent “radio with pictures”
- at age 14, Farnsworth has a eureka moment after looking at the plowed rows of a potato feild in Rigby, Idaho, then shares an early drawing with his high school chem teacher.
- Unveils his vacuum tube “ the image dissector” in 1927 by successfully transmitting the image of a dollar sign across his San Francisco lab.
- spends much of the rest of his life trying to prove he was the original inventor of television.
Tv Person 1968 : Jack Valenti
The president MPAA Ratings Directed by Kirby Dicks
Tv Person 1939:David Sarnoff
- (the “Titanic radio guy”) publicly introduces broadcast television to consumers
- Sarnoff claims RCA and his own inventor Vladimir K. Zworykin invented TV, not Farnsworth.
Tv Person On May 3, 1948: Douglas Edwards
First regularly scheduled network TV news programs primers on CBS
- began anchoring CBS Television News, a regular 15 minute nightly newscast on the rudimentary CBS Television Network, including WCBS-TV. It aired every weeknight at 7:30 pm.
- Early TV news broadcasts borrow their deign & presentation from a previous medium radio.
Tv Person 1951:Lucille Ball's
sitcom I Love Lucy becomes the first filmed and edited TV program
- Prior yo y hrs, all TV shows were preformed as live theater, and recorded in real time with one take (if indeed they were recorded at all).
- I Love Lucy begins the Hollywood production model still used today: filming a show in pieces and assembling scenes in post production, allowing show producers to have greater creative control over the final product.
Tv Person 1954: Joseph R. McCarthy
- Respected WWII radio broadcaster Murrow decides to use his TV show to expose the bullying behavior and partisan political tactics of McCarthy, who, as a powerful figr on the Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations, claims he is exposing Communists in the US government.
- With little or no evidence, McCarthy is accusing many people of being Communist, ultimately ending their careers. (This became known as McCarthyism, or the second Red Scare (1947-1957).)
- Murrow use the emerging medium of TV in a new way to go beyond objective news reporting and advocate for truth and fairness.
Tv Person 1972: Nippon Hoso Kyokai
(NHK, the Japan Broadcasting Corporation) launches new high definition TV
- This 1972 version significantly improves the quality of the TV image with more than twice the lines of information on screen (1125 lines), a 5:3 aspect ratio, and a faster re-fresh rate (60 Hz).
- Takes more than 20 years for a more advanced version of HDTV to really arrive in US marketplace: first public US HDTV broadcast occurs on WRAL-HD in Raleigh, NC television in July 1996.
Web Person 1973: Vinton Cerf and Robert Kahn
- (believes the internet should remain a free resource) Fathers of the Internet create TCP (transmission control protocol) a method for computers to have a common language ( true birth of the internet: hardware )
Web Person 1989: Tim Berners-Lee :
- British computer scientist devises coding to make the new internet into the world wide wed. Creates a global publishing platform (HTML, URL: universal resource locator/ web address) ( when internet becomes web )
Web Person 1993: Marc Andersen :
- Creates a browser (mosaic, becomes nets cape) credited for mourning internet from science to mainstream.
Web Person 2013: Edward Snowden
- leaks info on government invasion of privacy