kins 375 study guide

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1

Periodization: Alarm, Resistance, Exhaustion, Supercompensation are all components of what foundational concept?

General Adaptation syndrome (GAS)

2

Periodization: Typically an entire training year but may also be a period of many months up to four years (for Olympic athletes)

macrocyle

3

Periodization: The major emphasis of this period is establishing a base level of conditioning to increase the athlete’s tolerance for more intense training.

Prepratory period

4

Periodization: A periodization model alternative that involves large fluctua-tions in the load and volume assignments for core exercises.

undulating or nonlinear

5

periodization: Classically the resistance training in this period focuses on the elevation of strength and its translation to power development.

first transition

6

Plyometrics: Evaluating athletes for their sport, sport position and training status is part of

needs analysis

7

plyometrics: Typical recovery time guideline between plyometric sessions

42-72 hrs

8

Plyometrics: combines mechanical and neurophysiological mechanisms and is the basis of plyometric exercise

stretch-shorten cycle

9

plyometrics: The #1 objective of a S & C professional in creating rplyometric training programs.

Safety – creating a program that athletes can complete without injury

10

plyometrics: A program designed for a beginner to plyometrics should be limited to what volume (# of contacts)

80-100

11

Speed/agility: The skills and abilities needed to explosively change movement direction, velocities, or modes.

change of direction

12

Speed/agility:

The development of maximal force in minimal time, typically used as an index of explosive strength.

rate of force development

13

Speed/agility:

An eccentric–concentric coupling phenomenon in which muscle–tendon complexes are rapidly and forcibly lengthened, or stretch loaded, and immediately shortened in a reactive or elastic manner.

stretch shorten cycle

14

speed/agility:

Sprint speed is determined by an athlete’s

stride length and stride rate

15

speed/agility:

When developing a speed / agility program the professional should always start with:

needs analysis

16

Non-tradition:

The axial skeleton and all of the soft tissues with proximal attachments that originate on the axial skeleton – includes hips and shoulders

anatomical core

17

non-transition:

Typically involve dynamic or isometric muscle actions designed to isolate specific core musculature without the contribution of the lower and upper extremities

isolation exercise

18

non-transition:

This mode of resistance training can cause greater activation of stabilizer muscles and offer the ideal combination of specificity and instability.

free weights

19

Ex Tech/misc:

This enables the athlete to maintain proper body alignment during an exercise, which in turn places an appropriate stress on muscles and joints.

stable body position

20

ex tech/misc:

maximizes the value of an exercise and improves or maintains flexibility.

full ROM

21

ex tech/misc:

In what plane of movement does the baseball swing primarily occur?

transverse

22

ex tech/ misc:

What muscle is the primary mover during the downward movement of this exercise?

latissimus dorsi

23

Ex tech/misc:

What is the initial movement of the T-test?

foward sprint